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Importance Of learning English| Essay And Paragraph
build help resume How do I best conduct my job search? 2. Although it may seem formal, don't use the interviewer's first name until invited to do so. Make sure that you pronounce the interviewers name properly. 3. Provide the interviewer with a business card if you have one. 4. Let the about language importance, interviewer initiate the conversation. Remember, you're not the interviewer. 2. Maintain steady eye contact with the interviewer. 4. Dress in a proper manner. Of Purpose? 5. Use positive facial expressions. 6. Don't use any profanity in your speech, no matter how comfortable you are.
2. Don't interrupt the interviewer. 3. Let the interviewer lead the interview. 4. Speak clearly. 5. Use proper grammar. 6. Don't be afraid to ask for clarification if you don't understand a question. It may be more embarrassing to essay speculate and give an inappropriate answer. 7. Answer concisely. 8. Don't exaggerate. 2. What would be my approximate starting salary and 7th grade science project research, correlated benefits?
3. How will my progress be evaluated, and how frequently will I be evaluated? 4. What are the current goals for the department, and what would be the expectations for my role? 5. Are there questions or concerns about my qualifications that I could address? 6. How will the rest of the search process proceed? What are some basic facts that I should collect before an interview? When you want to impress someone personally, you try to learn about them and prove that you care. This is no less important in a professional relationship, so here are several basic facts that you should collect before going to an interview: • Major products or services provided by the company. • Volume of business (revenue and profit) • Number of employees. • National and international office locations. • Structure of the company. • Names and about importance, strengths/weaknesses of major competitors. • Companies reputation in the marketplace. • Latest news about the company or news that could affect the company. 2. Have you ever led a team to the successful completion of a project? 3. Have you ever taken the initiative to solve a problem or suggest an improvement at work? Why do some employers conduct telephone interviews?
Typically, an employer conducts a telephone interview or phone screen if the getters, prospective employee doesn't currently live near the essay, job site or if there a lot of candidates for a job. 2. What makes you the ideal candidate for this position? 3. What would be your ideal job? 2. Why do you want to work for custom org the organization? 3. Why did you apply for this particular position? 4. What do you look for essay importance in a supervisor? 5. What kind of environment do you like to work in?
6. What are the elements that you desire in a job? 7. Are you willing to travel? 8. How do you respond to pressure? 9. Origin? Do you like working by yourself or in a team? 10. Do you like to be a leader? 2. Don't alter daily routine just because you have a big interview. 3. Remind yourself that the employer must like your qualifications; otherwise, you wouldn't have been asked to come in for an interview.
4. Remember that the fate of the world doesn't rest on this one opportunity . 5. Don't drink too much coffee! Not only will it make you hyper, you may want to visit the restroom more than normal. 6. Consider exercising prior to your interview. If you can go for a run or get in a good workout, you will get rid of your excess nervous energy. • Extra copies of your resume. • Work samples (if appropriate) • List of references.
What is a headhunter? If you have put your resume up on Monster or CareerBuilder, you may receive phone calls from firms out there that place candidates at companies for a fee. What are the downsides of using a recruiter? Although there are several benefits to using job recruiters, there are also a few downsides. 2. The client company is paying a fee to the headhunter, so that cost may cut into your salary. 3. Essay About Language Importance? Companies are less likely to use headhunters during weak economic times. • Help wanted ads. Attention Getters? • State employment offices. • People you know (networking) 2. Use 8.5” x 11” paper.
3. Print on one side of the paper. Essay About Importance? 4. Use a laser or high-resolution inkjet printer. 5. List Attention Getters Essays? Don't fold or staple your resume. 2. Name of organization, and, if applicable, division. 3. Work location (city, state) 4. Language? Dates of employment (year or month/year) 5. List of accomplishments. 2. List? Include the about language, name of the origin, educational institution, followed by the name of the about language, degree and phd statement of purpose, the major. 3. Add your G.P.A. if it was 3.0 or greater. This becomes less relevant as your career progresses.
4. Essay? Mention academic honors, if any. 2. Permanent address. 3. Phone numbers (home, cell, work) 4. Email address. 5. Website (if relevant to job aspirations) 2. Avoid large fonts. They waste space and may seem comical. 3. Avoid fancy fonts that may be distracting and hard to read. Expository Essay Buy? 4. Use the same font throughout your resume. 5. Leave white space. Essay About Language Importance? Crowded text is difficult to read. 6. Use bulleted text to increase ease of reading.
• typical salary range for essay specific position. • state of the economy. • current health of industry. About Language Importance? • success of particular company as compared to general industry. • cost of living in sat essay bias, specific job location. Language? • paid sick leave. • retirement savings plans. • The similarity of the phd statement of purpose, offer to other salaries within the company. • The similarity of the offer to essay about language importance salaries for competitors' employees. Phd Statement? 2. Essay About Language? Contact employment agencies or executive search firms. 3. Call professional associations. 4. Custom Writing Org? Review trade periodicals. 5. Examine free salary surveys online. 2. About Importance? If your boss hands you more responsibility then you should also be handed more money.
3. If business has been good for project paper the company then the boss has more leeway to be good to essay about language importance you. 4. Ask for a raise immediately after orchestrating a successful venture.
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Perfectionism in OCD: When the pursuit of success turns toxic. Perfectionism is essay about, likely to list attention essays be helpful in moderation but increasingly problematic when taken to about extremes. There is more than one type of perfectionist. First, there is the adaptive perfectionist . This perfectionist is the prototypical workaholic student/employee who goes above and beyond expectations. This person is of judaism essay, intelligent, hard-working, dependable, and passionate about meeting or beating deadlines. He or she sets high personal standards of essay, performance and org has an attention to detail that is appreciated by (and often draws accolades from) others.
However, not every perfectionist resembles this prototype. There is essay language importance, another type of perfectionism that might be affecting you or someone you know. This perfectionist doesn’t quite look like the adaptive perfectionist, and based on his or her observable behavior, their perfectionism might not even be readily apparent. Nevertheless, the origin essay maladaptive perfectionist shares many features in common with the adaptive perfectionist. Similar to essay about language importance the adaptive perfectionist, the maladaptive perfectionist is likely to be intelligent and articulate. He or she has very high standards and feels passionately about the origin importance of about importance, hard work. Org? Yet in contrast to the adaptive perfectionist, the maladaptive perfectionist often misses deadlines and fails to deliver an exceptional work product (or, in some cases, any work at about language all). He or she might even be considered lazy or irresponsible by others. However, the maladaptive perfectionist is phd statement of purpose, usually far from lazy; despite a lack of tangible output, he or she often spends an overabundance of time and effort working. How is this possible?
The maladaptive perfectionist often gets stuck in repeating tasks and has difficulty finishing projects. He or she may repeatedly recheck or revise their work. Essay Importance? However, despite these efforts, the product never quite feels “good enough.” The ideas are nearly there , but they never feel fleshed out or polished in 7th grade science, a way that gives the language importance individual enough internal satisfaction to achieve closure and bring the attention getters project to completion. About Language? Alternatively, the person may suffer from research paper, intellectual paralysis due to an over-concern with living up to their own potential, fear of failure, or a fear of disappointing others (e.g., teachers, parents, loved ones). This intellectual paralysis may lead to complete avoidance, and about language importance this avoidance often becomes chronic and difficult to change.
For some individuals, maladaptive perfectionism is sat essay bias, actually obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Language Importance? This type of OCD is tricky because it can be more subtle than other types of OCD. Because it doesn’t resemble many of the other types of OCD with which people are commonly acquainted (hand-washing, checking locks, etc.), it often goes undetected and of purpose untreated. This can be frustrating and depressing for sufferers. Academic perfectionism, which often arises in middle school or high school, can lead to intense conflict and disappointment in the household because parents simply cannot understand why their intelligent children don’t just finish their work.
These parents fail to recognize that their kids have OCD. In cases of OCD-driven academic perfectionism, tutors cannot fix the problem and importance may, in some cases, inadvertently worsen it. As is the case with all forms of OCD, treatment should consist of of judaism essay, cognitive behavioral therapy (specifically, Exposure and Response Prevention [ERP]). Is your perfectionism maladaptive? Check out the following list of warning signs for essay about language, OCD-related perfectionism. Getters Essays? I use this list (and assess other similar behaviors) when working as a psychologist with individuals in Palm Beach, Fort Lauderdale, and essay language importance Miami, Florida. 1. You check and recheck your work repeatedly for typos, misspellings, and of purpose errors. You worry about importance, what might happen if you accidentally overlook a mistake.
2. You avoid checking for mistakes at all, because if you found one, it might cause you to check repeatedly. Or you might avoid checking entirely because it’s “too stressful” or “too exhausting” and you don’t feel like dealing with it. 3. Custom Org? You reread passages multiple times in essay about language importance, order to make sure you’ve understood them properly. Whenever you read, you worry about missing the “true meaning” of what you’re reading. 4. You avoid reading at all, because it feels stressful, exhausting, and punishing. 5. When you write or talk with others, you worry that other people won’t understand you properly or that they’ll misconstrue your meaning.
6. Despite multiple revisions, your writing never feels like it “sounds right.” You spend more time thinking or searching for the “perfect word” than you do writing. 7. You worry so much about essay, getting interrupted when you’re working that you never start working at language importance all. 8. You feel like you shouldn’t get started with a project unless you have enough time to writing finish it in one sitting. This might apply to writing papers, composing emails, or doing homework. 9. You put off responding to emails because you don’t have enough time to respond to essay importance them “properly.” In the end, you never get around to responding to origin essay them at all. 10. You spend more time preparing for language importance, projects (organizing yourself, gathering resources, doing background research) than you do working on projects.
11. You spend so much time searching for of purpose, the perfect topic that you never get started on the project itself. 12. You habitually miss deadlines because you underestimate the amount of time and effort needed to complete projects. 13. Essay About Language Importance? When having conversations, you ask people to repeat themselves multiple times to custom make sure you’ve heard them properly. 14. You often ask the same questions multiple times and in essay language, multiple ways to make sure that you’ve gotten the proper information. 15. You desperately worry about “losing your train of thought” and sat essay bias not being able to language think of the same idea again later. To compensate for this, you take excessive notes.
Learn to challenge your maladaptive perfectionism through cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Enlist the help of a therapist or try one of our social media based exposures for phd statement, perfectionism on essay your own. Remember that although OCD is a neurobiological condition, behavioral treatments like ERP can actually change your underlying biology. Questions? Comments? Sound off below. Want Updates about New Content? I have the handwashing/feat of contamination type of OCD but this article made me realize that I probably have this kind too.
It totally explains why I had so much trouble at attention essays my last job. I’m going to show this article to my therapist! Thanks for the info. I’m so glad you found it helpful! OCD can be so sneaky sometimes.
Good luck in challenging it! Never has an article made me cry until just now. About Importance? I went through therapy for list, only 2 short months about importance, 6 years ago, during which the therapist told me she thought I was OCD. List Attention Getters Essays? I never could find enough information to convince myself of it until I read this article. Essay About Language? For years, I thought I was just ADHD, which I trully believe I am.
I’ve been called lazy my whole life, yet I’m one of the sat essay bias most energetic people I know! I try to tell people I’m a nonfunctional perfectionist or that I have perfectionist paralysis, but they hear the word “perfectionist” and language importance look at my house, classroom (I’m a teacher), or car and blow it off. My house almost resembles that of a hoarder! It’s so dirty and no matter what, I can’t seem to phd statement of purpose do anything about essay importance, it! I am so disgusted by it that I can’t touch it! I “gross out” by everything! Plus, it’s just so overwhelming that I can’t even get started on it…I want the getters essays perfect house, and I know I can’t do it,so why even bother.
My car is essay importance, dirty and custom org messy, but it’s not my dream car, so I don’t even care about it! I know that when I start cleaning, I can’t stop until I’m exhausted and fall into bed hours and hours later. I don’t vacuum because if I do, then it will drive me crazy when it gets stepped on and the pattern gets messed up…or I’ll spend all day picking up every piece of lint that falls on it! Six months ago, I was accepted to write articles on about language examiner.com. Of Purpose? I just submitted an essay about, article a few weeks ago. A 400 word article took me the better part of custom, 3 days. Essay Importance? I returned to custom the site after it was published at about least 10 times to sat essay bias revise it!
I had no idea this was OCD! I just had my evaluation at work postponed because I had an essay importance, attack of the perfectionist paralysis and completely freaked out by the pressure! My credit score is custom org, horrible because I put things off! I’m late to essay language work, because I underestimate time. I wear my hair in a wadded knot on top of my head every day, because it frustrates me so badly when my curly hair doesn’t look like perfect ringlets! Thank you so much for this article. It amazes me that you took the words right out of 7th grade, my mouth in your list of 15 signs of perfectionism! Thank you for your insightful and heart-felt response. Language? I’m so glad that my post resonated with you and helped bring some clarity to a confusing situation.
So many people struggle with hidden perfectionism…school and work can feel so overwhelming that it often feels easier to just give up (or avoid) rather than get stuck in that exhausting, paralyzing perfectionistic loop. I hope that your new perspective mobilizes you to fight back against your perfectionism and break free to create the org life you want for yourself. Wishing you the best in essay importance, your journey. By the way…I submitted that without reading it and editing it first, because I was afraid I’d obsess about 7th grade science project, it and language importance spend all night on it! Way to go, Julie! I have spent a long amount of time trying to custom writing figuar out what I have. Besides already having the type of OCD where I must do thing is the number ten(not everything I just have to step on certain things ten times and I have to have the volume on every thing in quadrants of ten), having things all straight and not on language importance cracks or lines, and I have trich(obsessive hair pulling; OCD related but not completely OCD) I also seem to have OCD maladaptive perfectionism. If I miss anything on a test, quiz, or assignment, I have a anixety breakdown. I have to have all my grades above 97% on my report card(100% on everything else). This sucks. This is a great article I didn’t know that this was another sign of OCD.
How am I supposed to get cured from this? If I challenge it then I feel as if I am attacking my grades. Any ideas? Also why is phd statement, life so unfair that I’m only 14 and already have so many damn issues! OCD can be really tricky and can pop up in essay about, unexpected ways. Custom Writing Org? Your best plan of attack should involve resisting rituals related to checking (many of these are listed above). These often include compulsively checking your answers, rereading, etc. It can also be helpful to set time limits for specific assignments. Many people with particularly stubborn symptoms also include mistake practice.
It can be really helpful to work with a therapist if you need to go this route. If you’re like most perfectionists, the idea of about importance, making a mistake on purpose probably sounds ridiculous. Therapy can help you understand why this type of strategy might be helpful for you. I believe that I was once an adaptive perfectionist who met failure and perceived censure to sat essay bias the point that I’ve become a maladaptive one. 1, 3, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14 and about importance 15 are the ones that particularly resound with me… And makes living, interacting and studying almost unbearable without unthinkingness or numbness. You make a very good point: sometimes particular events can sensitize us to these types of behaviors. The challenge, then, is to find a way to org make the unbearable bearable. I have a grandson who is only 10 yrs old. Ever since he was about 1.5 years he is a clean nut… He is constantly cleaning or rearanging his room or my living room. Essay About Importance? , he measures and make sure that every thing is expository, perfect . I just visited him this past week and asked to use his computer, he started cleaning off my fingerprints, his room as u can imagine is about language importance, very organized, everything in phd statement, its place… He has excellent grades,gets bored very easily.
I wish I could help him. What type of problem is essay about, he dealing with. It’s impossible to say without doing a formal assessment, but if you’re concerned, I would recommend having him checked out by a psychologist who has experience in expository essay buy, treating OCD-spectrum conditions. One important issue is determining if his cleaning/rearranging is disrupting his life in any way (e.g., spending excessive time, missing out on other activities, causing conflict with others). It’s also important to determine why he cleans. About Language? Reasons vary widely. For example, is he worried about someone tripping and getting hurt, is he worried about losing something, or does he simply feel uncomfortable if things are in disarray? These are the origin of judaism types of essay about language, questions an OCD specialist would ask him. Many conditions begin developing in childhood, and origin essay early interventions are often more effective and less complicated than later interventions. Essay About Language Importance? Also, FYI, puberty is a time when symptoms typically get worse. I wish you the best with this!
Hi Dr. Steven, you probably remember me from posts on body focused obsessions. I have worked hard and relentlessly on these and have them more or less under control, though they can still be painful at times. Custom Writing Org? I have developed all the symptoms of a maladaptive perfectionist now. I obsess over sentence structure, pununciation and I have developed a stutter and always mix my words up. Essay About Language Importance? People have teased me, calling me dyslexic and illiterate. The more I try to explain my condition the of judaism essay mre they turn away, it is so frustrating!
Anyway, I really need your advice because as soon as I defeat one theme of OCD it moves in to others. Today I had around 35 different obsessions including talking, breathing, sleeping, reading, writing, metacognition, the list goes on. How is it possible to expose myself to so. Many different obsessions? I have tried exposing myself to each one but I simply have not the time and I become completely disheartened once I beat one to have to face another, almost instantly. I think if I were to generalise it, I would identify it as an essay language, obsession about essay, obsessing. Please can you provide me clarity, mu psychologist is about, dumbfounded and he is the tenth one I have been too. Sat Essay Bias? Thank you for your time and patience. OCD can often be frustrating and demoralizing.
Our brains can be remarkable in their capacity for creativity. OCD is but one example of how this creativity can seemingly turn against us. For individuals who have symptoms that are primarily limited to one domain, it can be relatively straightforward to develop an about, exposure hierarchy to eliminate symptoms one-by-one. It sounds like you’ve experienced some of the benefits of custom, this approach in working with your sensorimotor symptoms. However, just like you, many individuals have symptoms in multiple domains and a stepwise approach can sometimes feel cumbersome if your symptoms morph quickly.
As soon as you address one symptom, your OCD has already latched onto something else. Essay Language? In some cases, it may be possible to identify elements of your OCD that transcend the individual symptom. For example, sometimes the fear (be it related to breathing, reading, writing, or something else) is largely related to science project paper the fear of being unable to cope with one’s own symptoms or an language, inability to have the type of 7th grade science project research paper, life that one wants. In these cases, it is sometimes helpful to address this overarching fear via imaginal exposure. Remember that even well-intentioned forecasting of the future can interfere with living in the current moment and can sometimes reflect a mental ritual. This tends to be one of the most insidious and damaging of the mental rituals because it often goes undetected. In some cases, this ritual alone can completely stall progress.
Actively choosing to essay language live as full of sat essay bias, a life as you can while your symptoms are raging, can itself be an about language, exposure. Choosing to engage in leisure, pursuing new relationships, finding a job…all of the activities that involve actively living in sat essay bias, the current moment must gradually be undertaken now. They cannot be postponed indefinitely or until symptoms remit, as the pursuit of these activities now (despite the major challenges they can entail) is part of the process of taking your life back from essay about language importance, OCD. Another way to think about this is to redefine your overarching treatment goal. Perhaps your goal shouldn’t be to live a life that is free from obsessions, but rather to learn to coexist with your obsessions…to not let them define you…and to be able to getters essays notice them but not buy into them. I do understand that this is very frustrating, and I’m not sure that I’ve given you a very straightforward answer.
What I can tell you is language, that people do recover from this. It will take creativity, much effort, and essay buy persistence. However, there is much room for language importance, hope. I don’t remember if I’ve given you specific book recommendations in previous comments or not. However, I would recommend John Grayson’s book, as well as the ACT workbook by Steven Hayes (which is not OCD-specific), both of which are listed on list attention getters essays my recommended readings post: The Steven Hayes book wasn’t included when I originally published the post because it’s not OCD-specific, but I added it this morning because I thought it would be helpful to also include something with an ACT emphasis.
Good luck, Vincent. Keep hanging in essay about, there. All the best… I just hate the ambiguity and uncertainty. Essay? I have all this ambition and essay language persistence, but what good is that if cannot channel it correctly, or worse putting it into the wrong areas.
I have visited several psychologists now and I am alarmed by the ignorance when it comes to treating OCD. Repetitively I am told to use distraction, self hypnosis and thought stopping. Didn’t they outlaw thought stopping years ago? Also I hate paying money to writing org just have a moan about about, my problems but never getting anywhere. Through stumbling across your article I have learned more than all the psychologists I have been too, amounting to essay around 3000 dollars.
I tried telling them about the importance relevant treatment plan for origin of judaism essay, OCD and all they did was dismiss me. About Language? What should be my focus for alleviating the symptoms of an adaptive and viral OCD? What sort of sat essay bias, exposures can be done there? I have starting going to university and socialising again, but I get bullied relentlessly because of about, my obsessions. Most people just do not accept OCD as a legitimate illness, I understand why though, seeing is believing.
Unless they could jump into attention, my mind they have no idea. Importance? I wonder if it is possible to habituate to verbal abuse? I treat it as an exposure, also I detach as best I can from it. Sorry I am rather desperate for some clear tips and strategies anything regarding the multifaceted OCD would be more than helpful. Phd Statement Of Purpose? Thanks again Dr Steven. #128578; I’m so glad I just read this. As I’ve grown older I’ve noticed how anal I am about about language, certain things. I felt my personality contradicted itself because at the same time I had a dirty house, car, and laundry piling up. The only origin of judaism time I want to language importance clean is when I know I have enough time to get everything done perfectly (paperwork filed, all dishes clean, all laundry done and drawers reorginized, etc.) when I was younger if I didn’t think I could win a race I would scratch on purpose. Phd Statement? I avoided schoolwork all together and it would take me ungodly amounts of time to essay importance write a paper. Attention Essays? I constantly read over emails, status updates, and anything I write.
I then worry about about language, how it will be interpreted and quit all together. Buy? I research ideas and projects constantly but never do anything about it. Language? I constantly fail at dieting bc I give up once I have a bite of a cookie. I was successful one time at dieting and working out and it was because I didn’t have a bite of a cookie or sip of a coke. My friends made fun of me for science, my complete obsession with getting my 20 minutes of cardio in about, daily. Basically if something isn’t going to be 100% I don’t want to do it. And most the time I won’t. Writing Org? I also feel it causes depression and anxiety. Any cures for this? I don’t want to essay about be this way! —I almost deleted this entire comment, I will now push submit- Glad you kept yourself from deleting it–way to project research go!
That’s the language perfect way to begin fighting your maladaptive perfectionism. The best way to overcome maladaptive perfectionism is to work on accepting and embracing the gray areas of life, so that things don’t continually bounce between black and white. This is often accomplished by reducing procrastination and by setting small, attainable goals (and following through!). Phd Statement? If you have symptoms of OCD, you might also consider building a formal hierarchy that includes resisting perfection and making do with “good enough” solutions. Severe Acne can sometimes change the language importance personality of the Host when he sees the mirror hence there may be OCD and phd statement Perfectionism. Thank you for this article. I have finally found a name for my “condition”. Essay About? I never knew I had a problem until very recently when it became worse.
Ever since I was a little girl there were signs. It was impossible to phd statement of purpose talk to me during a movie, for about language importance, example. I would rewind it and get very upset about science project research paper, not being able to hear every single line clearly. When I grew up and started to read it would take me ages to get through a single page, because I wanted to absorb every little detail. Essay Language? Sometimes I even felt the urge to MEMORIZE the whole thing. Later, in high school, homework would be done to perfection down to my handwriting. If I felt it was unsatisfactory for sat essay bias, some reason I would do it again for the beginning in a new page, instead of erasing what I had done. Nowadays it’s impossible for me to do anything. I dropped off college because I was overworking myself to depression, not taking time to eat or sleep.
I can’t read because I am afraid of about language importance, not understanding the author’s ideas, and I can’t watch movies like normal people. I have to expository essay buy watch them t least twice, with GOOD subtitles (nice punctuation and all) and review them afterwards. I used to essay language importance enjoy writing so much, but now I just can’t do it because I over-think every single sentence. Once it took me 6 hours to write a 300 word essay for attention, school! I don’t even answer e-mails anymore because I “never have time”. I am very worried and I do not know what to do about this. The only thing I am not OCD about is cleanliness but since this condition seems to be aggravating over time there is no saying in what could happen next. I am only 20 years old!
Please help me. Also, I submitted that without reading it through. Language? Felt the need to let you know since I found some typos in there after reading it over… I’m especially self-conscious because English isn’t my first language :/ Thank you for this article. 7th Grade Science Project? I have the regular hand-washing/cleanliness/ neatfreak OCD but I never realised that this was also a part of about language importance, this disorder. It’s a relief to writing org know that I’m not crazy or the essay about importance only one who does it #128578; I needed to read this so badly today. Attention Essays? I was trying to explain this to essay about language importance my husband earlier and he didn’t understand. I was feeling extremely frustrated and alone after that conversation.
I handle most things in list attention getters, one of two ways: either I obsess over it (which I did when I was actively into creative writing–reading the same piece of writing probably 25-30 times and making tiny edits) or avoid it until I can’t. The last one gets me in the most trouble. Work comes with deadlines. About Language Importance? I am terrible at judging how much time I actually need to finish something (although you’d think after several months with the same workload, I’d learn). I also end up waiting until the last minute when I can’t afford to think about it. Sat Essay Bias? I think that’s why I do it, even if it’s unwittingly. When the deadline is hours away, the anxiety over not getting it done becomes greater than the anxiety of doing it poorly.
Not to mention bills…and calling people on the telephone. I don’t do phone calls if I can help it. Too much anxiety, I avoid it completely. I don’t know what to do about it yet. I don’t know if I should do anything about it, but my husband is highly concerned and mentioned looking into what kind of therapy our insurance covers. Might have a plan for essay, it sooner rather than later. This comment thread needs an edit button, considering. lol. Yeah this is sat essay bias, me all day long!!
Went to therapy a couple of years ago after putting myself in hospital for language, a week thanks to a very carefully listen receptionist at my doctors office. I was diagnosed with having a major depressive episode, OCD and phd statement of purpose bipolar II. After the about language hospital stay, I took an outpatient CBT skills class. This really helped and I highly recommend participating. #s 1,3,4,5,6,8,12, 14 15 I can agree to without any changes. Some of the others are not so much, but still a yes. I can’t do the dishes unless all of them fit in expository essay, the drying rack…and I have to organize them all first in order to importance do so. Phd Statement Of Purpose? I despise doing dishes!! I’d rather eat out or off paper/plastic.
Same with getting my laundry folded/hung-up – everything has to about come out phd statement of purpose of the drawers and organized on about the bed so that I can make sure everything I have is together in one drawer. My closest is organized by 7th grade science paper type, weight/season and color. Thank goodness I have enough close that I can go a week or two without having to do laundry. BTW, my washer and essay language importance dryer are IN MY one level APARTMENT! Emails for work…forget about it – read, edit, read, edit (who knows how many times), send to someone for comments and then finally one last read send IF there were no suggested comments. Sat Essay Bias? Hey, at essay about importance least I am asking for opinions! I almost failed my typing classes due to origin of judaism speed as I’m aware that I have to hit the about importance backspace before my finger returns from of purpose, tapping the incorrect key. Am I done, let me reread…nope just clicking the essay about language submit comment…hoping this makes sense! This explains my entire life. Project Paper? This is EXACTLY how I feel and think. I am a college student, failing because of my stupid fucking OCD.
Hi, this post has real;y got me thinking about my symptoms , i have noticed alot that i always spend so much time just planning what to essay language importance do but when it come to getters do it i just cant and i put it off constantly but i have so much motivation as i plan, i also have this self need to look perfect i find it so frustrating, just before i was looking in the mirror and every bump on my face made me want to punch and kick my head in, just for looking imperfect, the essay language maladaptive perfectionist seems so relatable and i have so much struggle to expository essay buy finish and submit my work, i often seem to feel that i need reassurance for things i do to essay about language importance make sure its socially acceptable or something. i have also looked into BPD (borderline personality disorder) and seemed to show signs, other than suicidal thoughts but i do often feel unworthy. Thanks for the article Steve…its on point and I’m about to share it with others…thanks again…!! I have been diagnosed with ADHD, and been working with my psychiatrist and ADHD group, weekly. Most of of purpose, us would likely look at your list and essay language have 13 or 14, in some cases 15, of the symptoms you described as “OCD Perfectionism”.
Do you think that there is a correlation between ADHD and OCD? I can’t speak for the members of expository buy, my group, but I certainly have never had any ritualistic hand washing or “checking” going on. If you know of about, any articles written about the org two disorders, I would really appreciate if you would pass them on to me! After reading what you describe as “checking rituals”, I’d like to clarify that I meant “checking” as in people who lock unlock lock unlock lock unlock doors, etc. I don’t even know how I was guided to essay about language importance this article. I was having a random thought about perfectionism vs ocd, and googled. Phd Statement Of Purpose? I was told when I was a teen that I was a perfectionist. I surmised by myself that wanting things to be perfect meant I didn’t do things if I couldn’t figure out essay importance how to do it right.
I figured I was just a lazy procrastinator. Now in my 40’s, the last 15 years, with health and pain issues, so keeping up minimums became hard, and writing org insomnia took over, I have suffered with major anxiety and essay language have been paralyzed as clutter took over, and everything I wanted to be as a mom, a wife, a friend went out of control. I read this and getters started crying. About Importance? As I have thought about it over the last couple days, I have seen in myself that I don’t have external OCD rituals, they are all in my head. Origin Of Judaism? I thought I was just very introspective, and I am, but it goes beyond that to the obsessive. Importance? I am stuck in hell in my head, I think and think, and I can’t figure out custom how to essay language importance do, and I have panic attacks. I here the of purpose judgements I make in my head against people when they do things that I don’t think is the right way, tho I wouldn’t say anything, because I logically know that it doesn’t have to be my way, but I go over and over essay about, and over how my way is of purpose, better. Since I thought I just simply had insomnia and essay about language anxiety, along with other health issues, I didn’t know how psychiatric treatment would help me, since counseling before was a waste of time… I mean I am the perfect expert of expository essay, my own mind right? Talk therapy, was just dollars out for me. But now I see, I have something that needs treating, and I am relieved, because no medical doctor would help me with them, and importance I hate myself and how I let things go so out of control.
You may have saved my life. In 2003, I went to Iraq with the military. Before that time, I was a little OCD but found that after my experience over in the Middle East, my OCD has gotten worse. What can I do? I reviewed this list and found I meet every one of the list attention getters criteria. That list was soooo accurate I don’t think there’s enough air to breathe right now.
I cannot believe how accurate this is. I HAVE BEEN STRUGGLING SO MUCH WITH PERFECTIONISM. I DID NOT REALIZE THIS WAS EVEN A THING. I THOUGHT I WAS DUMB AND JUST LAZY FOR NEVER TURNING THINGS IN ON TIME. MY FRIENDS WOULD ALWAYS TELL ME I WAS JUST LAZY. THEY ALWAYS MADE ME FEEL DUMB IN HIGHSCHOOL. BUT I STILL FELT LIKE I HAD SO MUCH POTENTIAL, LIKE I WAS SMARTER THAN PPL THOUGHT. I ALWAYS FELT SO DUMB LIKE I WAS NEVER GOING TO MAKE IT IN THE REAL WORLD CAUSE I COULD NEVER EVER TURN THINGS IN ON TIME, EVEN THOUGH I’D START EARLY. AND WHENEVER I QUESTIONED AND THOUGHT MAYBE I WAS JUST A PERFECTIONIST, TO A POINT THAT IT WAS REALLY AFFECTING MY LIFE, THERE WAS ALWAYS THIS DOUBTFUL VOICE IN MY HEAD TELLING ME THAT I WAS JUST TRYING TO FIND EXCUSES AS TO WHY I AM SO LAZY AND JUST NOT TRYING HARD ENOUGH. EVEN THOUGH I’D PUT ENDLESS HOURS OF EFFORT INTO MY WORK AND TRIED TO SUBMIT THEM ON TIME. BUT READING THIS LIST AND SEEING HOW IT IS ALMOST A 100% ACCURATE TO THE PROBLEMS I HAVE WHENEVER I’M DOING ASSIGNMENTS, I SEE NOW THAT IT REALLY IS A PROBLEM.
AND A PROBLEM THAT I CAN DEFINITELY TRY TO FIX! I AM GLAD TO BE AWARE NOW, THAT THIS IS NOT SOMETHING ONLY I SUFFER WITH. I AM SO GRATEFUL THAT I FOUND THIS WEBSITE. THANK YOU STEVE! I AM FOREVER GRATEFUL. Do you have anymore articles on this topic or other resources you can share?
Thanks. CPBS – South Florida (Palm Beach County) Outpatient Intensive Treatment Programs for Adults, Kids, Teens.
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Language and its Importance to Society | Essay
essay descartes PREVIEW OF FINAL EXAMINATION. INSTRUCTIONS: Write a 25-30 minute essay on any two topics from Group A (Descartes), and on essay language importance, any two topics from expository essay Group B (Hume) below. Put your name and the name of your Teaching Assistant on the examination booklet. Also, turn in with your booklet the 3 x 5 card (with your name printed on it) on which you have written, typed, or printed whatever you have thought might help you to language, write intelligent essays. Be sure to write legibly and to give examples wherever possible. Also, be sure to incorporate into each of of purpose, your essays all the matters mentioned in the paragraph that expands the essay topic. This material is meant to help you structure your essays; it is about language, not -- nor is it intended to sat essay bias, be -- exhaustive, and essay about you should not limit your essays to matters raised in it. GROUP A (DESCARTES): D1. Descartes's 4-Part Method.
In the essay buy, epiphany he experienced in the stove-heated tent on November 10, 1619, Descartes somehow espied the 4-part method whereby he claimed to have later made remarkable discoveries. In what does this method consist? In what ways does it resemble proof or demonstration in euclidean geometry? Are its rules algorithmic (like the rules of long division), i.e., is creativity unnecessary when applying them? For each rule of essay language importance, his method, can one tell whether one has followed it correctly? What are the starting points of the method? What made him decide to apply his method to mathematics before applying it to custom writing, the other sciences or to philosophy? After having become skilled in its application to essay language importance, mathematics, why did Descartes decide to apply his method to philosophy rather than to custom writing org, one of the sciences? D2. Descartes's Provisional Moral Code. Why does Descartes find it necessary to formulate and adopt a provisional moral code?
In what does it consist? Is it a radical or conservative code? Is it provincial? In what ways does his provisional moral code differ sharply from the method that he has developed for arriving at certain truths? What is Stoic about his provisional moral code? How does he use the old Scholastic principle that the will naturally tends to desire only what the essay about importance, intellect represents to it as somehow possible to justify his second provisional moral maxim? What occupation does Descartes adopt?
Does he think it to be the best occupation? Why? D3. Descartes's Language and Action Tests. Explain carefully Descartes's so-called Language Test for discriminating between humans and robots. What, according to phd statement of purpose, Descartes, makes this test work infallibly? What kind of certainty does it produce? Explain his so-called Action Test for discriminating between humans and robots. Is it an language infallible test? What kind of of purpose, certainty does it generate?
Explain how these two tests can be used to distinguish humans from animals. Language Importance? How does Descartes meet some of the objections that might be raised against expository essay his Language Test? How does he appeal to essay, animal failure to justify his Action Test? D4. Descartes on Observation and Experimentation. Why does Descartes think that observations become more important the further one goes in knowledge? At the outset of inquiry into attention getters, nature, should one rest content with natural (spontaneous) observations or should one seek more recondite observations via deliberate, contrived experiments? Why? What order does Descartes follow with respect to observations? What problems does he encounter at the third stage, i.e., after first having dealt with God and essay the first principles or causes of everything that exists, and secondly with the first and most ordinary effects deducible from expository buy these causes?
At the language importance, third stage, does Descartes's inquiry move from effects to list getters, causes, or vice versa? What holds him back from further progress? What profit had he anticipated from publication of the physical treatise he has now decided to suppress? D5. Descartes's Method of Doubt in the First Meditation. Why is Descartes so obsessed with doubt? Why does he submit his beliefs to scrutiny by about importance class or type rather than one at a time? What causes him to doubt his sense-based beliefs?
To doubt beliefs such as that he has a head and hands? To doubt his mathematical beliefs? What is the Evil Demon hypothesis? What function does it serve? Is there any way for Descartes to frustrate the Evil Demon?
Formulate Descartes's dream hypothesis. Why does he advance it? Which of his beliefs does it call into doubt? Which ones does it leave intact? Is he able to research paper, reject the dream hypothesis in this Meditation?
D6. Cogito ergo sum (je pense donc je suis) in essay language importance the Second Meditation. What is the expository buy, Cogito, a proposition or an argument or a bit of both? How does Descartes derive it? What does he mean by thinking? How certain is Descartes that he is thinking? On what grounds? How certain is he that he exists? On what grounds? How certain or indubitable is the Cogito itself? What does the Cogito tell Descartes about his own nature?
D7. Descartes's nature as a thinking thing in the Second Meditation. Why does Descartes reject the traditional answer rational animal to essay, the question what his nature is, i.e., what kind of thing he is? What is his own answer to this question? Is having a body, or being able to perform activities like eating or walking, part of his nature? Why or why not?
What does he mean by thinking? Does he distinguish seeing a horse from buy seeming to see the horse? Why or why not? Is it possible that a body can think? Is it possible that Descartes is essay about language importance, really a body?
Which is essay, more easily and better known: a piece of wax or one's own mind? Why? D8. The Third Meditation Argument for the Existence of God. What at the beginning of this Meditation does Descartes know with certainty to exist? With respect to essay about language, their formal reality, are some ideas superior to or more perfect than others? With respect to their objective reality? What causal principle does Descartes invoke to escape from solipsism? How does it apply to ideas?
What kind of 7th grade science paper, idea will enable him to escape solipsism? To what idea does he apply his causal principle to establish that there exists something other than himself with his ideas? How does his argument to about language importance, the existence of of purpose, God go? Would this argument still go through if he had applied the causal principle to his idea of essay about, himself or to his idea of an angel (a purely spiritual but finite substance)? Is his idea of an infinite substance a negative or a positive idea? Why does it matter? Could his idea of God be materially false?
Why does it matter? D9. Error, intellect, and will in the Fourth Meditation. Would God be a malicious deceiver if He placed in me a cognitive faculty that makes mistakes or errors when I use it properly? Show how the list attention getters essays, answer to the preceding question gives rise to the two paradoxes of error. Formulate Descartes's account of error. Importance? Explain whether God could have given Descartes an intellect of sat essay bias, such sort that he would never make any errors? In what sense is about importance, Descartes's will equal to God's? In what sense is it inferior to God's?
Is God blameworthy for having given Descartes a will that outstrips his intellect? What can Descartes himself do to escape error? How does he know that this escape from error really works? If he nonetheless falls into of purpose, error, does it reflect badly on about importance, God? D10. Descartes's ontological argument in the Fifth Meditation.
Where does Descartes get the sat essay bias, idea for his ontological argument? What is it about his idea of a triangle that makes it possible for him to prove that the sum of its interior angles equals 180 degrees? How does the idea of language importance, a unicorn differ from the essay buy, idea of essay, a triangle? How cogent are mathematical demonstrations (proofs)? Can Descartes doubt a mathematical theorem when he has its proof before his mind?
Formulate his ontological proof of the existence of God. How cogent is it? Why then does Descartes hesitate to accept its conclusion as an indubitable and certain truth? Formulate the of purpose, three objections he raises against his own ontological argument? How does he answer these objections? Does he now give his full assent to about language importance, his ontological argument and its conclusion? D11. Descartes's Sixth Meditation argument to an external world. What causal principle and what conceptual premiss does Descartes invoke to prove that bodies can exist? Explain how he argues to the probable existence of bodies from the fact that he can imagine mathematical objects like triangles.
On the basis of what causal principle does Descartes think that his sense ideas (sensations and list sense perceptions) must come from one of four sources: himself, bodies, God, or some being intermediate in perfection between bodies and God? How does Descartes rule out himself as the source of his sense ideas? Why would God be a malicious deceiver if the source of Descartes's sense ideas was either God Himself or some being intermediate between bodies and God? What permits Descartes now to essay about importance, conclude that he really does have a body and essay that material bodies are the sources of his adventitious sense ideas? D12. Good-tasting poison, dropsical thirst, and God's veracity in essay about language importance the Sixth Meditation. Distinguish accidental from systematic or intrinsic error? Is the list, fact that someone desires to eat a good-tasting but poisoned soup an essay about language importance example of accidental or systematic error? Does it convict God of malicious deception?
Why or why not? Is the origin of judaism essay, illness-induced thirst of someone who suffers from dropsy an accidental or a systematic error? If systematic, does it convict God of malicious deception? Why or why not? H1. Simple Idea as Copies of essay language importance, Impressions.
What does Hume mean by a perception of the mind? Into what classes does he divide them? On what basis? Is this bipartite classification mutually exclusive? Jointly exhaustive? What is an impression?
A simple idea? A complex idea? Give examples. What is expository buy, inner sense? Outer sense? How does the copy (the idea) resemble the original (the impression or sentiment)? How do they differ? What are Hume's evidence and arguments for the thesis that simple ideas are copies of importance, impressions? Does he intend this thesis to be exceptionless, i.e., general or universal? How then might opponents challenge the thesis?
What is the philosophical status of an alleged simple idea for which there is no corresponding impression? What is Hume's Microscope and how does this thesis give rise to sat essay bias, it? What is the relevance of the case of the language, missing shade of blue? What is Hume's final disposition of this case? Formulate Hume's Fork.
Give examples of relations of ideas and of matters of fact or real existence. What is the basis of origin essay, Hume's Fork? Does it divide propositions into mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive classes? Which propositions are discoverable a priori? Which are discoverable a posteriori?
Which contradictories are conceivable? Which propositions take us beyond the immediate deliverances of essay about importance, sense and of memory? When do people think they have insight into causal relationships? When do they recognize that they lack such insight? What allegedly follows from the custom writing, observation that cause and importance effect are distinct events? What is the thought experiment about Adam supposed to show?
To what is phd statement of purpose, human reason limited in causal matters? H3. No Rational Justification of essay about language, Causal Reasoning. What is the nature of all reasoning concerning matters of fact and real existence? What is the foundation of all our reasonings and conclusions concerning cause-and-effect? How do these two questions differ from Hume's new question: What is the foundation of all conclusions from experience? Formulate Hume's negative answer to this new question. Origin? What can past experience tell us about which objects follow upon which objects? On what basis do we extrapolate from language importance past experience to the future and to unobserved cases?
Is the link between past and future intuitive? Demonstrative? Do we appeal to a principle of the uniformity of sat essay bias, nature in making such extrapolations? Can we justify this appeal in language importance a noncircular fashion? Why don't these considerations show only that Hume isn't clever enough to find a justification for sat essay bias, the aforesaid extrapolation? H4. Hume's Microscope. Given Hume's theory of ideas as copies of impressions, what is the obvious way or method to eliminate the obscurity and ambiguity of about importance, ideas in expository the moral sciences? What does Hume take definition to be? Why does definition serve to clarify and disambiguate only complex ideas? How, then, does one clarify and disambiguate simple ideas that are obscure or ambiguous?
To what is Hume referring when he speaks of a new microscope or species of about language importance, optics, by which, in origin of judaism the moral sciences, the most minute, and most simple ideas may be so enlarged as to fall readily under our apprehension? To which idea, as a test case of essay, philosophical analysis, does Hume apply his new microscope? Why did he choose to buy, investigate this particular idea? Why does he look for the impression of which this idea is supposedly a copy, rather than define it by enumerating its component simple ideas? H5. Necessary Connection. Does Hume think that the idea of necessary connection is a copy of an impression produced by essay importance single instances of phd statement, physical objects or events that stand in a causal relation? Why not? Does it arise from reflection on the operations of the mind? In particular, does it arise from the control of, or influence over, the body by essay language the will? What makes Hume think that we come to know the of purpose, influence of the will over the body only through experience?
Does the essay importance, idea of necessary connection arise, then, from an impression produced or felt when the mind or will operates on ideas or other mental contents, as when we will to call up ideas or propositions? What makes Hume think that we learn the influence of expository essay buy, will over thoughts and other mental contents only from experience? What impression does Hume finally identify as the about importance, original sentiment of phd statement, which the idea of necessary connection is a copy? Is necessary connection, then, a matter of projecting something mental onto the world? By finding an essay language importance impression corresponding to of purpose, the idea, has Hume shown that necessary connection is a philosophically legitimate idea? H6. Hume's Touchstone. Does it enhance the credentials of a theory about the human mind when one finds that it is needed to explain operations of animal minds? What is Hume's Touchstone? Why does he proceed to essay about, apply this touchstone to his theory of experimental reasoning (his theory of how we reason about matters of fact and real existence)? Does he think that animals, like men, learn many things from experience?
Do they expect that like effects will follow like causes? Are these inferences or expectations based on past experience? To what evidence for these claims does Hume point? Can one account for these animal inferences or expectations as instances of reasoning or argument that invokes some sort of uniformity of nature principle? Do human children make causal inferences in this way? Why not? Is animal belief to custom writing, be explained in the same way Hume explained human belief? Why didn't Nature entrust such important operations as causal inferences to reasoning and argumentation rather than to importance, habit or custom? H7. A Priori Knowledge of origin essay, Matters of Fact. Do animals acquire all their knowledge of matters of fact and real existence from sense perception and causal reasoning?
If not, what is this knowledge like and where do they get it? What is INSTINCT? Is causal reasoning itself an instinct? Do animals have a priori knowledge of matters of fact and about real existence? If so, how can this be reconciled with Hume's system? Do humans have a priori knowledge of matters of essay buy, fact and language real existence? If so, where and how do they get it? If not, are animals cognitively better endowed than humans? H8. The Nature of custom writing, Belief.
What does Hume take belief in a proposition to be? Does he offer a definition of essay, belief? Why not? How does he describe the feeling or sentiment of org, belief? Would someone who was incapable of feeling have any beliefs? Which principle of essay about importance, association of ideas is closely tied to belief? In what way is it tied? Do resemblance and contiguity by themselves ever give rise to expository essay buy, belief? Why not?
H9. Reliability of Human Testimony and Miracles. How common, useful, and necessary is reasoning based on human testimony? On what does such reasoning depend? On past experience of human veracity and of the conformity of events to reports about them? On the relation of cause and effect?
When does the evidence of human testimony have the status of probability? When does it become proof? What factors will enhance the force of testimony? What factors will diminish it? Is the improbability of the language, reported event one of these diminishing factors? What does Hume mean by a miracle? If the reported event is miraculous, is this circumstance direct and expository full proof against its occurrence? What if the testimony to the miracle is so solid that its falsity would be miraculous, or even more miraculous than the wondrous event? What should a rational person conclude if he or she finds a miracle supported by absolutely incontrovertible testimony? Is there ever such testimony for religious miracles?
Why or why not? The third quiz will count for 30% of the quiz-and-recitation grade (the first quiz and recitation section participation will each count for 20%, the second quiz for 30%). Language? It will consist of origin of judaism, one long essay and two short essays on topics to be distributed in advance. ESSAY TOPICS FOR 3RD QUIZ. Long Essay Topics: L1. Simple Idea as Copies of Impressions. What does Hume mean by a perception of the language importance, mind? Into what classes does he divide them? On what basis?
Is this bipartite classification mutually exclusive? Jointly exhaustive? What is an impression? A simple idea? A complex idea? Give examples. What is inner sense? Outer sense? How does the copy (the idea) resemble the original (the impression or sentiment)?
How do they differ? What are Hume's evidence and arguments for the thesis that simple ideas are copies of impressions? Does he intend this thesis to be exceptionless, i.e., general or universal? How then might opponents challenge. the thesis? What is the philosophical status of an expository essay buy alleged simple idea for about language importance, which there is no corresponding impression?
What is Hume's Microscope and essay how does this thesis give rise to it? What is the relevance of the case of the missing shade of blue? What is essay language importance, Hume's final disposition of this case? Formulate Hume's Fork. Give examples of relations of of judaism, ideas and of matters of fact or real existence. What is the basis of Hume's Fork? Does it divide propositions into mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive classes? Which propositions are discoverable a priori?
Which are discoverable a posteriori? Which contradictories are conceivable? Which propositions take. us beyond the immediate deliverances of language importance, sense and of memory? When do people think they have insight into causal relationships? When do they recognize that they lack such insight? What allegedly follows from the expository, observation that cause. and effect are distinct events?
What is the thought experiment about Adam supposed to about, show? To what is human reason limited in causal matters? L3. No Rational Justification of Causal Reasoning. What is the nature of all reasoning concerning matters of fact and phd statement of purpose real existence? What is the foundation of all our reasonings and about importance conclusions concerning cause-and-effect? How do these two questions differ from Hume's new question: What is the foundation of all conclusions from experience?
Formulate Hume's negative answer to this new question. What can past. experience tell us about which objects follow upon which objects? On what basis do we extrapolate from past experience to the future and to unobserved cases? Is the link between past and attention essays future intuitive?
Demonstrative? Do we appeal to essay about language, a principle of the uniformity of nature in buy making such extrapolations? Can we justify this appeal in essay about language importance a noncircular fashion? Why don't these. considerations show only that Hume isn't clever enough to find a justification for the aforesaid extrapolation?
L4. Essay? Single versus Multiple Cases. Can single cases of the essay about, conjunction of sat essay bias, two objects or events ever give rise to the idea of cause-and-effect? Explain. How does a multiplicity of cases give rise to this idea? What does this show about the role of language importance, reason or the understanding in sat essay bias generating the language importance, idea of cause-and-effect? Could the custom, understanding by language importance itself ever get beyond what is immediately present to the. senses or to memory? If reason does not prompt us to draw conclusions from list attention getters essays experience, i.e., to make inductive or causal inferences, what principle does prompt such inferences?
What is custom? Is it a type of instinct? How does the invocation of custom (habit) remove the difficulty about multiple-case versus single-case causal inferences? Without custom, what would the essay about language, range of human knowledge be? Can we, by reasoning about it, resist custom (habit) when it prompts us to infer one thing from another thing that is present to our senses or memory when we have found the two things constantly conjoined in our experience? Is it custom or will, then, that determines what we believe about list getters essays, matters of fact? Was Descartes wrong to think that we have it always within our power to suspend judgment on any proposition that we do not clearly and language distinctly perceive to be true?
L5. Hume's Microscope. Given Hume's theory of ideas as copies of impressions, what is the obvious way or method to eliminate the obscurity and ambiguity of ideas in the moral sciences? What does Hume take definition to be? Why does definition serve to clarify and disambiguate only complex ideas? How, then, does one clarify and disambiguate simple ideas that are obscure or ambiguous?
To what is Hume referring when he speaks of a new microscope or species of optics, by which, in the moral sciences, the most minute, and most simple ideas may be so enlarged as to custom, fall readily under our apprehension? To which idea, as a test. case of philosophical analysis, does Hume apply his new microscope? Why did he choose to investigate this particular idea? Why does he look for the impression of which this idea is supposedly a copy, rather than define it by enumerating its component simple ideas?
L6. Necessary Connection. Does Hume think that the idea of necessary connection is a copy of an about importance impression produced by single instances of physical objects or events that stand in a causal relation? Why not? Does it arise from reflection on the operations of the sat essay bias, mind?
In particular, does it arise from the control of, or influence over, the essay about language, body by sat essay bias the will? What makes Hume think that we come to know the influence of the essay about language, will over the body only through experience? Does the idea of necessary connection arise, then, from an impression produced or felt when the mind or will operates on ideas or other mental contents, as when we will to call up ideas or propositions? What makes Hume think that we learn the attention getters, influence of will over thoughts and other mental contents only from experience? What impression does Hume finally identify as the original sentiment of which the idea of necessary connection is a copy? Is necessary connection, then, a matter of projecting something mental onto the world?
By finding an impression corresponding to the idea, has Hume shown that necessary connection is a philosophically legitimate idea? L7. Hume's Touchstone. Does it enhance the credentials of a theory about the essay importance, human mind when one finds that it is needed to explain operations of org, animal minds? What is Hume's Touchstone? Why does he proceed to apply this touchstone to his theory of experimental reasoning (his theory of language, how we reason about matters of fact and origin essay real existence)? Does he think that animals, like men, learn many things from experience?
Do they expect that like effects will follow like causes? Are these inferences or expectations based on past experience? To what evidence for importance, these claims does Hume point? Can one account for attention essays, these animal inferences or expectations as instances of reasoning or argument that invokes some sort of language, uniformity of nature principle? Do human. children make causal inferences in this way? Why not? Is animal belief to phd statement, be explained in the same way Hume explained human belief? Why didn't Nature entrust such important operations as causal inferences to reasoning and argumentation rather.
than to habit or custom? L8. Essay Language? A Priori Knowledge of Matters of Fact. Do animals acquire all their knowledge of matters of fact and essay real existence from sense perception and causal reasoning? If not, what is essay about language importance, this knowledge like and where do they get it? What is origin of judaism essay, INSTINCT?
Is causal reasoning itself an instinct? Do animals have a priori knowledge of matters of fact and real existence? If so, how can this be reconciled with Hume's system? Do humans have a priori knowledge of matters of fact and real existence? If so, where and how do they get it? If not, are animals cognitively better endowed than humans? Short Essay Topics: S1. Mental Geography. Why does Hume attach considerable importance to taxonomy in the study of mind when he fully realizes that taxonomy has little value in the natural sciences?
What does he mean by the moral sciences? Does he expect them to language importance, advance beyond the taxonomic stage? How does he envision progress in these sciences? Where does the systematization of taxonomically organized data come in? Is his own theory of the association of ideas an example of such progress?
S2. 7th Grade Research? The Missing Shade of Blue. Formulate this thought experiment. Essay About? What does Hume think it shows? Is it a counterexample to his thesis that simple ideas are copies of impressions of sense? How might Hume have dismissed this thought experiment as unprobative? Why didn't he do this? How does he resolve the problem raised by his own analysis of this thought experiment?
S3. The Association of attention essays, Ideas. What governs the flow of ideas in our minds? Formulate Hume's three principles of association of ideas, and language importance give examples. Does Hume believe these three principles are complete? In what sense? On what grounds? Why is the principle of Cause Effect so important? How does it differ from the essay buy, other two principles? How is it related to essay about language, belief? S4.
Does Scepticism Paralyze? Why do religion and sat essay bias some types of about, philosophy corrupt morals, detract from the of judaism essay, enjoyment of life, and make one lazy and language importance presumptuous? Does Hume's brand of scepticism do these things? Why or why not? Will people refuse or be reluctant to make causal inferences when they realize the practice cannot be rationally justified? Why or why not? Would it have been better if such inferences were a matter of reasoning and argumentation? Why or why not? S5. Essay Buy? The Nature of Belief.
What does Hume take belief in a proposition to be? Does he offer a definition of belief? Why not? How does he describe the feeling or sentiment of essay importance, belief? Would someone who was incapable of feeling have any beliefs? Which principle of association of ideas is closely tied to belief? In what way is writing org, it tied? Do resemblance and about importance contiguity by phd statement themselves ever give rise to belief?
Why not? S6. Pre-established Harmony between the Courses of Nature and Ideas. Why does Hume speak of a certain pre-established harmony between the about, course of Nature and the course of our ideas? In what does it consist? Is the principle that effects this harmony or correlation reason or custom (habit)? Explain. Expository Essay Buy? Why is it advantageous to the human organism that it be custom rather than reason that establishes this correspondence? S7. About? Definitions of Cause.
Hume advances two definitions of of judaism essay, cause, namely, (a) an object, followed by another, and where all the about importance, objects similar to custom org, the first are followed by essay about importance objects similar to sat essay bias, the second, and (b) an about object followed by another, and whose appearance always conveys the thought to expository essay buy, that other. Are these two definitions equivalent? To which experience does each definition orrespond? Is the following restatement by Hume of definition (a) really equivalent to definition (a), namely: an object followed by about language another where, if the first object had not been, the phd statement of purpose, second never had existed? If not, what are we to make of this restatement of definition (a)? S8. Reliability of about importance, Human Testimony. How common, useful, and necessary is reasoning based on human testimony? On what does such reasoning depend? On past experience of human veracity and of the conformity of events to reports about them?
On the relation of science research, cause and effect? When does the evidence of human testimony have the language, status of probability? When does it become proof? What factors will enhance the force of testimony? What factors will diminish it? Is the improbability of the custom, reported event one of these diminishing factors? What does Hume mean by a miracle? If the reported event is miraculous, is essay about importance, this circumstance direct and full proof against sat essay bias its occurrence? What if the testimony to the miracle is so solid that its falsity would be miraculous, or even more miraculous than the wondrous event? What should a rational person conclude if he or she finds a miracle supported by absolutely incontrovertible testimony? Is there ever such testimony for religious miracles?
Why or why not? Essay Topics for Quiz #2 (on Descartes?s Meditations) Long (25 minutes) essay topics (The student must select one topic): L1. Descartes's Method of Doubt in the First Meditation. L2. My whole nature is to language importance, be a thinking thing in the Second Meditation. L3. The Third Meditation Argument for the Existence of God. escape solipsism?
To what idea does he apply his causal principle to establish that there exists something other than himself with his ideas? How does his argument to 7th grade science paper, the existence of God go? Would this argument still go through if he had applied the causal principle to his idea of himself or to his idea of an angel (a purely spiritual finite substance)? Is his idea of an infinite substance a negative or a positive idea? Why does it matter? Could his idea of essay, God be materially false?
Why does it matter? L4. Error, the origin essay, intellect, and the will in the Fourth Meditation. escape from error really works? If he nonetheless falls into error, does it reflect badly on God? L5. Descartes's ontological argument in the Fifth Meditation. L6. Descartes's Sixth Meditation argument to an external world. these four sources: himself, bodies, God, or some being intermediate in perfection between bodies and essay language importance God?
How does Descartes rule out himself as the source of his sense ideas. Why would God be a malicious deceiver if the source of Descartes's sense ideas was either God Himself or some being intermediate between bodies and God? What permits Descartes now to conclude that he really does have a body and that material bodies are the sources of his adventitious sense ideas? Short (12 minutes each) essay topics (The student must select two of the topics below, subject to the following restriction: the short-essay topics and custom writing org the long-essay topic must all pertain to different Meditations. For example, you may choose only one of importance, L1, S1, and S2; similarly, you may choose only one of L2, S3, and S4; and so on. S1. The dream argument in the First Meditation. S2. The Evil Demon hypothesis in the First Meditation.
S3. Cogito ergo sum (je pense donc je suis) in the Second Meditation. S4. The piece of wax example from the Second Meditation. S5. Metaphysical doubt in the Third Meditation. S6. Descartes's two ideas of the sun in custom writing org the Third Meditation. S7.
First Paradox of about language importance, Error in the Fourth Meditation. S8. Essay Buy? Second Paradox of language importance, Error in the Fourth Meditation. S9. Fifth Meditation memory-of-clear-and-distinct-ideas principle. S10. The real distinction between mind and body in the Sixth Meditation. S11. Expository Essay Buy? Good-tasting poison, dropsical thirst, and essay importance God's veracity in the Sixth Meditation. DESCARTES'S SIXTH MEDITATION ARGUMENT TO AN.
1. By invoking the causal principle that God can bring about whatever Descartes can clearly and origin distinctly conceive in such a way that what is essay about language importance, brought about conforms exactly to 7th grade research, his conception of essay importance, it, Descartes is able to conclude that the essay, clarity and distinctness of his geometrical ideas shows that material bodies (real extension) can exist. Essay Language? It remains, however, an open question. whether they do exist. 2. Imagination and understanding are different activities. For example, Descartes can both imagine and conceive of an equilateral triangle, but he cannot imagine a chiliagon (thousand-sided polygon) although he can clearly and distinctly conceive it. Because Descartes can clearly and getters distinctly conceive of himself existing as a mind without the faculty of imagination, nlyunderstanding belongs to language, him essentially. 3. Imagination appears to be the application of the mind to a body intimately present to it, and which therefore must exist. From the fact that there is no other account of essay, imagination as good as the one just given, Descartes concludes that it's probable that, when he imagines something, his mind is intimately present to an actually existing body. Hence, the fact that he imagines various mathematical figures leads Descartes to conclude that his body probably exists, i.e., that it is probable that his own body exists (as part of an external world). 4. Descartes rehashes his First Meditation reasons for doubting that there is essay about, anexternal world, adding only that phantom-limb phenomena show that even our internal senses can deceive us. 5. Because he is phd statement, nothing but a mind (a thinking thing really distinct from his body), Descartes takes it for granted that he cannot himself be the source of his adventitious sense ideas (e.g., his sense perceptions) because he would then be aware of essay about, his willing them.
6. Invoking the causal principle that there must be at buy, least as much formal reality in importance the cause of an idea as there is objective reality in the idea itself, Descartes concludes that his sense ideas (sense perceptions and sat essay bias sensations) must come from bodies, from God, or from some being intermediate in essay about importance perfection between bodies and org God. 7. Invoking our strong inclination to attribute many of our sensations and sense perceptions to the material bodies from which they appear to come, Descartes concludes that God would be a malicious deceiver if the source of these sensations and ideas were either God Himself or some intermediate creature more perfect than bodies, because we would then have no way to correct our strong propensity to attribute these sensations and essay about perceptions to sat essay bias, material bodies existing in essay about language importance an external world. 8. Since God is essay, not a deceiver, Descartes concludes that he really does have a body and that material bodies are the language, actual sources of our sensations and phd statement sense perceptions, i.e., that his body exists (as part of an external world). THE REAL DISTINCTION BETWEEN MIND AND BODY IN THE. A. Descartes's First Argument for the Real Distinction of Mind and Body. 1. What does Descartes mean when he says that x is really distinct from y? a. That God can bring it about that x exists separately from y. b. Essay Language Importance? That x can exist apart and independently from y. 2. What causal principle does Descartes employ to establish the real distinction of mind and body? Causal Principle: God can bring about whatever Descartes can clearly and distinctly conceive in such a way that what is brought about conforms exactly to his conception of it. Example: Body (bodies or material things) can exist because Descartes has a clear and distinct idea of custom writing org, body (extension) in pure mathematics. 3. Language Importance? What conceptual premiss does Descartes argue from? Conceptual Premiss: That he has a clear and phd statement of purpose distinct conception of himself as a mind (thinking substance) without a body, and of his body apart from himself as mind.
That is, he can clearly and distinctly conceive of essay about language importance, himself as a mind existing without a body, and of his body existing apart from himself as mind. (Descartes purports to have established these claims in the Second Meditation.) 4. How does the argument go? Conceptual Premiss: Descartes has a clear and distinct conception of himself as a mind (thinking substance) without a body, and of his body apart from himself as mind. Essay? That is, he can clearly and distinctly conceive of himself as a mind existing without a body, and of his body existing apart from himself as mind. Causal Premiss: God can bring about whatever Descartes can clearly and distinctly conceive in such a way that what is brought about conforms exactly to his conception of it. First Conclusion: God can bring it about that Descartes is himself a mind without a body, and also bring it about that his body exists apart from him as a mind. Definition: To say that x and about language importance y are really distinct means that God can bring it about that x and essay y exist separately, i.e., God can bring it about that x and y exist apart and independently. Final Conclusion: Descartes's mind and body are really distinct. B. Descartes's Second Argument for the Real Distinction of Mind and language Body.
First Conceptual Premiss: Descartes cannot in 7th grade science project research thought divide his mind into parts, i.e., he cannot conceive of his mind as divisible. Second Conceptual Premiss: Descartes can in thought easily divide any body whatsoever into parts, i.e., he can clearly and distinctly conceive of any body as divisible. Causal Premiss: What is divisible is really distinct from what is indivisible. Conclusion: Descartes's mind is really distinct from his body. GOOD-TASTING POISON, DROPSICAL THIRST, AND GOD'S VERACITY IN THE. 1. Essay About Language? What does Descartes say that his nature, in the sense of the totality of things conferred on him by God, teaches him? What does it appear to teach him that it really does not teach him? Descartes says that his nature in origin of judaism the aforesaid sense teaches him that he has a body; that when he feels pain there is something wrong with his body; that when he is thirsty, his body needs a drink; that his mind is not present to his body as a sailor in his ship but rather that his mind is essay about language importance, so intimately joined or fused with his body that they form a composite unit; that other bodies exist in the vicinity of his body; and that some of these other bodies should be sought out or pursued, whereas others of them should be avoided. Descartes thinks that his nature in the aforesaid sense also appears to sat essay bias, teach him such things as that there is absolutely nothing in a empty space (in a vacuum); that the heat or color in a body exactly resembles his ideas of the.
heat and color; and that physical objects have the about language importance, size and shape which they present to his senses. In fact, says Descartes, these are all cases of ill- considered or erroneous judgments, i.e., cases where he has assented to ideas that are not sufficiently clear and phd statement distinct. 2. What does Descartes think that his nature, in essay the sense of the composite of his mind and body, teaches him? What does it appear to teach him that it really does not teach him? Descartes thinks that his nature, considered as the composite of his mind and body, teaches him to avoid things that induce pain and to pursue things that induce pleasure. That is to say, the natural purpose or function of his sensations and sense erceptions is to inform him about what is beneficial and what is sat essay bias, injurious to the composite of mind and body. Essay About? For example, his nature (as the 7th grade research, composite of mind and body) teaches him that he should drink when he is thirsty (because his body then needs liquid), should eat when he is hungry (because his body then needs food), and essay about language importance should pull back his hand when it touches something that makes him feel pain (because the thing touched is harming his hand). List Attention Essays? What nature as the essay about importance, composite of sat essay bias, mind and body does not teach him, saysDescartes, is anything about the properties of objects external to him. Truth about external objects is determined by essay language the mind alone, not by the composite of mind and body. 3. Getters? When someone desires to eat a sweet-smelling and language importance sweet-tasting poison, doesn't his nature (as the composite of mind and body) make a grave error about what is beneficial to the composite? If so, doesn't this convict the org, Creator of malicious deception?
The person's nature (as the composite of mind and body) teaches him to essay about importance, pursue the good taste, not the poison. Attention Essays? The fortunate fact that what tastes good is in this case also poisonous shows only that the person's nature is not omniscient; it does not show that his nature misled him, but only that it has made an accidental mistake. The mistake or error on the part of the person's nature is accidental albeit grave, like a mistake made by a mathematical computer program because a power surge interfered with its calculations. The mistake or error is not systematic or intrinsic, like the mistakes made by a mathematical program that has some bugs in it. God, therefore, is not guilty of malicious deception for having giving Descartes such a nature. 4. If God had given Descartes a nature (as a composite of mind and body) that makes systematic or intrinsic mistakes, God would be guilty of essay about language, malicious deception. But when Descartes experiences thirst when suffering from dropsy, his nature (the composite of his mind and origin of judaism essay body) is instructing him to drink because his body needs more liquid, which is essay importance, simply false. This is a case of systematic or intrinsic error, not merely accidental error. God, therefore, is a malicious deceiver. Descartes concedes that if God had given him a nature that makes systematic or intrinsic mistakes, God would indeed be a malicious deceiver -- but only if God could have done better.
It's true that from custom org time to time his nature (as the composite of mind and language body) does mislead him systematically or intrinsically, e.g., when thirst prompts him to sat essay bias, drink when he is essay language importance, suffering. from dropsy, because what his nature then impels him to do is to consume liquid, which is in fact bad for sat essay bias, his body in the circumstances. But, Descartes contends, the nature God has given him (as a composite of mind and importance body) is optimally designed, i.e., it is the best design possible for a creature composed of mind and body. But no one should be blamed for doing. what is attention getters, best, so God is not blameworthy for having given Descartes a nature that occasionally makes intrinsic mistakes. God, therefore, is not a malicious deceiver. 5. What is Descartes's argument for his claim that his nature (as a composite of mind and body) is optimally designed? The argument runs thus: The mind is immediately affected by only one part of the body, namely, the brain (or perhaps one particular part of the brain, viz., the pineal gland). A state [of motion] of the brain (or of the pineal gland) sends exactly the same signals to the mind, irrespective of the states of other organs or other parts of the body. The body is essay about, a mechanical system, so when a part A is moved by a part D by means of intermediate parts C and B, part A would be moved exactly the sat essay bias, same way if part D didn't move at all while parts C and language importance B moved as before.
For example, stubbing the big toe of custom org, your left foot on a rock causes motions in the toe and foot that cause motions in the nerves that ultimately cause a motion in the brain that affects the essay, mind in such a way that you experience pain in your left foot, so the same motions in the nerves near your brain would cause the science project research, same brain state and thus occasion the same mental experience of pain in your left foot even if your left foot as resting comfortably on about, a footstool or even if your left foot had been amputated. Experience shows that the correlation of origin, brain. states (pineal gland states) and mental states has the following property: Of all possible mental states, each brain state occasions that particular mental state that would most benefit the essay about language, mind-body composite in expository essay buy most of life's circumstances. That is, for each brain state, the about, correlation of any other mind state with it would result in an arrangement less beneficial overall to the mind-body composite. Thus, although the custom writing org, correlation of the feeling of thirst with the brain state caused by dryness of the mouth will casionally result in a desire to drink in circumstances where drinking is harmful to the body, e.g., as in a person with dropsy, in most cases where the about importance, brain is in org the aforesaid state, drinking will be beneficial to the body. Thus, the correlations of mind states with brain states in our nature (as composites of mind and body) is the best possible arrangement so far as the well being of. the mind-body composite goes. Importance? In other words, Descartes's nature is optimally designed. 6. Phd Statement? Can Descartes say anything else on behalf of God's veracity? Yes, he can and does. Descartes points out about language importance, we can correct the systematic or intrinsic errors made by our nature (as the composite of mind and body) by employing several senses instead of just one, and by using our intellect and our memory.
For example, if we suffer from dropsy, we can correct what our sensation of thirst tells us (that we need to drink) by 7th grade science research recalling that medical science has shown that drinking is harmful to someone suffering from about language importance dropsy. So, even though God designed our composite nature optimally, He didn't simply abandon us to its systematic or intrinsic mistakes, but in His infinite goodness God saw to it that we had the essay, wherewithal to correct them.