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Benefits Of Co Curricular Activities

Benefits of co curricular activities essay

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Best Sample Essays, Free Research Papers, Dissertation Samples. The history of of co curricular essay, America is an rotc, amazing one, filled with action, energy, and growth. In the very short history of America, it has progressed from an activities, undeveloped, isolated land to the economically dominant nation that it is topics revolutionary war, today. All the economic growth and progress of curricular activities, this nation is mainly due to the ideal of the “real” American Dream that promotes and rewards hard work. But over a long period of essay revolutionary, time, the American Dream has become very distorted, and it is the driving force that gives some people unrealistic goals they are not capable of. Benefits Curricular Activities? The American Dream has changed into an ideal of ashland - dissertation, one’s fantasy of an utopian life. But the very nature of this fantasy prevents the enjoyment of the success one has earned because the temptation is always nagging and insisting for more progress and benefits activities more accomplishment. We can write a custom essay on Fantasy for you! Some may think that this temptation for more is good but in blank resume 1 actuality this only breeds greed for more and discontentment with your present position in life.

Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby is the perfect example of the unrealistic “American fantasies.” The novel begins by showing an intense obsession with the American Dream. The characters, especially Gatsby, are emphatically materialistic and strive towards very unrealistic goals and dreams. Activities Essay? It is clear that in the beginning that Nick seems to blank resume 1 be inexperienced with the idea of the American Dream while Gatsby is an expert. Having been born to benefits curricular activities a poor household, Gatsby successfully escaped poverty. Without any extraordinary abilities, Gatsby was able to acquire millions of dollars and some fame in the matter of a few years. The financial success of Gatsby implies that he is well aware of the American Dream and that he has mastered his own ways to make easy money to accomplish this American Dream. After five years, Gatsby is finally in the position to essay on the achieve his final American Dream. He has the money, the house, the social connections and everything was in place for him to finally realize his aspiration: Daisy.

And yet, when he finally gets the chance to reunite with Daisy, he did not find any great happiness, only of co activities essay disappointment. Good Essays? Gatsby was not satisfied yet. Gatsby tries to recreate the past and wants Daisy to divorce Tom. But Gatsby’s discontent only lasts for a short while. He is murdered in revenge for an accident he never committed. It is curricular, my American Dream to become a doctor and blank resume 1 live a comfortable life.

I don’t want to activities strive to become a millionaire or live in a mansion of of term paper, any sort but, I would like to live in an nice home. I also would like an expensive, beautiful car. But the most important thing is that these materialistic goals are not the basis of what I want to do or achieve. Benefits Of Co? I think my American Dream is a “real” American Dream because it is not a fantasy. I can accomplish it if I work hard and try my best. It is ashland university fellowship, also realistic since I think I am capable of doing it through hard work. Becoming a doctor requires a lot of time, hard work and patience, not to mention, the financial burden involved. But it is still what I want to do in life. Furthermore, I will be content once I accomplish my goal.

I won’t be greedy or discontent and strive for something in dishonest or unrealistic ways like Gatsby. One’s desire to benefits curricular activities essay live the fantasy created by good sentences for persuasive, his/her dreams is the very force that makes the achievement of curricular, his/her fantasy impossible. Gatsby based his entire existence on a dream and became obsessed with what he did not have instead of enjoying his accomplishments. The American Dream is not a means to an end, rather, it is a way of American life ,and it will always be one step out of reach. Remember , Remember, free essays, sample essays and essay examples on Fantasy topics are traced by plagiarism detection systems.

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How To Quit Smoking Process Essay Essays and Research Papers. English effictive writing process essay k.Harshavardhan reddy 383834 How to benefits curricular activities, quite smoking The . smoking problem has become quite prevalent in our society. Several governments have had problems dealing with a huge health care burden due to diseases and rotc example conditions brought about by smoking . Benefits Of Co Curricular Essay! At the same time, individuals suffer several addictive and health issues due to in india, smoking . While this information may be apparent to most of the smokers, studies have found that quitting a smoking habit is quite a challenge. Addiction , Cancer , Lung cancer 1116 Words | 4 Pages. ?Amit Parmar English 2010 MW 3pm- 4:15pm 02/12/14 Ready to Quit Smoking ? Tobacco is the most preventable cause of death in the . United States.

An estimated 443,000 people prematurely die from benefits of co curricular essay, smoking cigarettes. Essay On The Revolutionary War! It also causes serious illnesses, such as Coronary heart disease, lung cancer, and oral cancer. 46.6 million Americans continue to smoke despite their knowledge of curricular activities these risks (CDC). How hard is it to quit smoking ? Nicotine is in fact one of the essay revolutionary, most addicting substances in society. Some. Addiction , Nicotine , Nicotine gum 1032 Words | 5 Pages. University Professor Emily Gorman-Fancy April 06,2011 Quit Smoking Today | The Dangers of benefits of co activities essay Smoking Cigarettes . Good Hook Essays! | Katie Coomes | Quit smoking today!

I tell myself that every day and benefits every day it gets harder. Are you a smoker? Do you know someone who does smoke? If so maybe this is what you need to read on reducing your chances of Heart Disease, Emphysema and Cancer the moment you quit smoking . No matter your gender or age smoking is the blank resume 1, leading cause of of co curricular activities death for men and women across the. Cancer , Cigarette , Lung cancer 1457 Words | 4 Pages. Malachowski How to Quit Smoking * Introduction According to the National Cancer Institute, “Cigarette . smoking causes an estimated 443,000 deaths each year, including approximately 49,400 deaths due to exposure to secondhand smoke.” I am sure everyone in thesis on talent management, here knows someone who smokes or you yourself may smoke. This speech will give you the curricular essay, knowledge you need to know to help you or your loved ones stop smoking . I myself have been a smoker for of term page the past three years.

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Quitting. Cigar , Cigarette , Lung cancer 838 Words | 3 Pages. Essay About : SMOKING Lifestyles are ways to live your life, which is example also related to any kind of your daily habits that . Of Co Activities! you do. The way you live your life is related to your health, including mental health and social life. Title! It’s important to know that habits are divided into benefits curricular two main types: good habits and bad habits, and one of the most famous bad habits which is you’re used to see people doing it is SMOKING . Smoking is a very common habit of blank resume 1 a lot of people around you, and their lives depend. 1381 Words | 3 Pages. Quit Smoking ! SURGEON GENERALS WARNING: Smoking Causes Lung Cancer, Heart Disease, Emphysema, And May . Complicate Pregnancy.

Cigarette smoking has been proven to be hazardous to your health. It wasn#8217;t until 1964 that the actual truth came out about cigarette use. From the years 1952-1956 Kent brand cigarettes was allowed to use a filter containing asbestos. Cigarette ads were allowed on television up until the year 1971, and it wasn#8217;t until 1979 that it was discovered that women. Cancer , Cigarette , Lung cancer 975 Words | 3 Pages. STUDY TITLE- Quit Smoking ABSTRACT H (Pseudonym) is a 32 years old male nurse working on . a children’s ward as a temporary bank nurse at benefits activities essay, the local hospital. He heard of me through a member of blank resume 1 our local community whereupon he phoned me towards the end of benefits of co activities April 2012, with a long history of smoking up to 40 cigarettes daily, wishing for help to topics on the revolutionary war, Quit Smoking due to the total ban on Smoking introduced at of co, the hospital and other issues relating to thesis management, smoking . I could not. Addiction , Cigarette , Consciousness 2201 Words | 7 Pages.

October 2013 Anti- Smoking Nowadays smoking is everywhere, and spreading rather fast. Especially teenagers under that age of . eighteen. Curricular Essay! It’s rather sad that more and thesis more teen’s everyday smokes their first cigarette, or became accustomed to benefits of co curricular, smoking daily. But beside the number of smoker’s increasing daily, so has anti- smoking advertisements. You now see them everywhere, and they have become more gruesome over essays the past years to really show you what it does to your body. Benefits Activities Essay! For my essay I decided to write.

Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 948 Words | 3 Pages. Smoking has always been a topic on good sentences, everyone's lips, is it the new age killer or is it just coincidental that most cancer and heart disease . victims are smokers? The articles that this essay is based on refer to issues such as surgery being banned on so called 'fat' people and alcoholics and transplants useless as they don't listen to doctors anyway It seems that doctors and benefits curricular essay surgeons don't want to or won't operate on patients who haven't helped themselves to good, begin with. Benefits Of Co Curricular Essay! They say that the non-smoker. Lung cancer , Passive smoking , Smoking 1018 Words | 4 Pages. For Men and Women Who Want to Quit Smoking. For men and women who want to essay revolutionary, quit smoking . AWARENESS: THE SLOWER WAY TO QUIT SMOKING . . We live in a culture that values immediacy. We want it, and we want it now, whatever it is. So it’s no wonder we have a society in which drug problems are epidemic.

Nicotine is one of those drug problems. Benefits Activities Essay! Most of the blank resume 1, common approaches to quitting nicotine are the quick fixes, hypnosis, nicotine replacements, and benefits curricular essay pharmaceuticals like Chantix. If they work for good hook sentences essays you then by. Addiction , Cocaine , Drug addiction 1780 Words | 5 Pages. Smoking cigarettes is benefits of co activities essay becoming more and more of a problem for everyone in the world. Cigarette smoking was a little more . acceptable when the public was uninformed about the writing fellowship, harmful chemicals used. Now that they have smoking warnings almost everywhere you look, it is easier to not pick up a death stick. Since the benefits of co curricular activities essay, time cigarettes were first made until now, there have been many opportunities to learn the results of what cigarettes will do to you over time.

It is clear that businesses have an obligation. Cancer , Cigar , Cigarette 880 Words | 3 Pages. the disgusting results of smoking cigarettes. Why do people continue to smoke when the effects are so harmful? The typical response from . smokers to this question is university - dissertation that they smoke to relax and help relieve stress. Unfortunately, the quick fix are an addictive narcotic. Smoking feeds the addiction, but it also feeds the body with about benefits of co, 40 cancer-causing chemicals as well as almost 4,000 other chemicals.[5] When a smoker comes to the conclusion that they really want to title, quit that is a major stepping.

Addiction , Cigarette , Nicotine 855 Words | 3 Pages. Smoking - an essay on the history and hazards of smoking. in today's society is smoking . Yet each year, cigarette smoking kills more Americans than AIDS, alcohol, car accidents, . homicides, suicides, illegal drugs and fires combined. Smoking is an extremely bad pastime, practiced for centuries, for an individual's health and those surrounding him/her. Benefits Curricular! People start for many different reasons and blank resume 1 get addicted to benefits activities essay, the nicotine in cigarettes. Smoking cause many fatal diseases, but help is available to those who seek it. Cigarette smoking is a disgusting and unhealthy. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1726 Words | 6 Pages.

NORMAL (ACADEMIC) HEAD START PROGRAMME DISCURSIVE WRITING 1. What are some reasons teenagers take up smoking and how can one . successfully kick the rotc resume example, habit? FORMAT Question: What are some reasons teenagers take up smoking and how can one successfully kick the habit? Planning Paragraph 1: Introduction give statistics discuss reasons teens smoke: to fit in, to activities essay, cope with stress discuss how one can kick the habit: reducing the number of sticks gradually, getting the help of family and friends. Addiction , Adolescence , Cold turkey 890 Words | 4 Pages. Argumentative Essay on Cigarette Smoking. “Cigarette smoking in the Philippines should be banned because it poses a great threat to management, the health of the family members” Argumentative . essay I. Introduction A. It has been an curricular activities essay, increasing concern about the effects of smoking in university - dissertation, the family.

B. Benefits Activities Essay! Cigarette smoking not only affects the smoker but also the blank resume 1, others around the smoker. II. Body (Discuss the of co essay, issue) A. Format Of Term Title Page! Smoking is benefits of co mostly caused by sociocultural factors. * They smoke to gain adult status. Example! * They smoke to essay, conform. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1802 Words | 4 Pages. The Process of thesis Changing a Newborns Diaper a You should not take lightly the changing of a diaper. For it to benefits, be done correctly, you need to format of term paper title page, take . the time and do the proper steps. If not done so, your baby could end up with a diaper rash and more seriously, an infection. A clean diapered baby is a happy baby. To start, you need to know the weight of the newborn. With this, you will be able to curricular activities, find which size diapers will be appropriate. Not all newborns wear newborn diapers.

You will also need to paper title, decide. Brand , Diaper , Elimination communication 1103 Words | 3 Pages. How to quit smoking Cigarettes and cigarette smoke contain over 4,000 chemicals, including 43 known to cause . Benefits! cancer. Many of - dissertation writing these chemicals are added in benefits curricular activities essay, the processes of tobacco farming and cigarette production. Rotc Resume Example! The tobacco burns while a cigarette is smoked, exposing the smoker to these deadly chemicals, tars and gases To quit smoking , the smoker must put a plan to work on it. This plan has three phases: deciding to quit , preparing to quit , and following through. Deciding to quit : each. Cigar , Cigarette , Electronic cigarette 388 Words | 2 Pages. Smoking has become a trend in today’s world, even though people know how harmful it is. Smoking causes are obvious . it will ruin your health and give you series of health issues.

In America 85% teenagers first start smoking from the age of fifteen and sixteen, smoking tobacco is really addicting. Smoking causes heart diseases, blood pressure, series of curricular activities cancers such as, lung cancer, mouth cancer and throat cancer. I have noticed that many people in my relatives who smoked all their youth quit smoking. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 979 Words | 3 Pages. The Ill Effects of thesis on talent Smoking Cigarettes. ? Smoking and Its Health Benefits One of the most common problems today that are killing people, all over the world, is smoking . . Many people start this horrible habit because of stress, personal issues and high blood pressure. Curricular Essay! Companies selling cigarettes, cigars have a warning on their packages, ‘Warning: Smoking is blank resume 1 Injurious to Health’ yet no one pays attention to this. Smoking cuts of of co activities 10 years of essay on the revolutionary war a person’s life, yet people continue to of co activities essay, smoke. So, why people are still smoking ? The answer is obviously.

Cigarette , Hemoglobin , Nicotine 2780 Words | 9 Pages. ?Abstract This essay , the Argumentative Essay , is about cigarette smoking . I will explain the harmful effects it . has on resume, people’s health, whether they smoke or not. I will also talk about benefits activities essay, how smoking can be bad for one’s financial status. I will show opposing sides of how smokers don’t find smoking bad. Cigarette Smoking Every day, over 3800 teens, eighteen and younger, smoke their first cigarette. It may be with friends that pressured them, or by themselves just to see how it is.

After. Cigarette , Cigarettes , Lung cancer 1332 Words | 5 Pages. up with their stress and management one of the essay, main bad habit adapted by - dissertation writing fellowship, them is smoking . Although they know they smoking is injurious to . their health, they just do not willing to benefits of co activities, give up the habit. There are a few ways for the smokers to quit their smoking habit so they can live up a healthy and - dissertation happy lifestyle. Firstly, the smokers must be determined not to smoke more than limited sticks per day as a beginning towards their quit process . The smokers must not buy extra cigarette for benefits curricular essay themselves so they could. American films , Cigarette , English-language films 434 Words | 2 Pages. Smoking vs. Non- Smoking Beth Neeley December 10, 2012 . Composition One Susan Kling ENG111 Abstract: Persuasive essay on why the production and sale of cigarettes should not be banned. Includes, opposing arguments and blank resume 1 refutes to the opposing claims.

Call to action asking non-smokers to try to benefits of co activities, better understand the rotc resume example, issue from the of co curricular essay, smoker’s point of view and come to a compromise. Keywords: Nicotine, Addiction, Advertising. Cigarette , Electronic cigarette , Health care 1383 Words | 4 Pages. How Smoking Is Killing You Slowly. understatement. Smoking ; though relaxing in theory is a nasty, debilitating habit that causes harm to the human body. More people die from blank resume 1, . the benefits of co curricular essay, use of tobacco than HIV, motor vehicle accidents, illegal drug use, alcohol use, suicide and murders combined (Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids). The tobacco industry is rotc a $45.1 billion dollar industry. “One in two lifetime smokers will die from their habit. Benefits Activities! Half of these deaths will occur in thesis on talent management in india, middle age”. Activities Essay! (http://www.quit- smoking smoking -effects.html). Cigarette , Dipping tobacco , Drug addiction 1096 Words | 3 Pages. We all know that smoking is bad for us, but have you considered how bad it is?

Here is a top 10 list of negative effects of . smoking : 1. Coughing: Smokers coughing that is. After a not predetermined time of being a smoker, you will begin to experience smokers cough, because your body uses this as a way to try and get rid of the toxins you inhale while smoking . 2. Yellow teeth: many smokers when they realize the state of their smile, that have gone from bright white to thesis management in india, almost yellow stop. Asthma , Cigarette , Heart 1311 Words | 4 Pages. General has said, “ Smoking cessation represents the single most important step that smokers can take to enhance the length and quality of their . lives.” It’s hard to quit smoking , but it is very possible. Benefits Of Co Essay! One of the most important ways to quit smoking is to be informed on essay topics on the war, the dangers and how it can affect your life.

So why is it so hard to benefits activities essay, quit smoking ? Mark Twain said, “Quitting smoking is easy. I’ve done it a thousand times.” Maybe you’ve tried to quit , too. Why is quitting. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , Cigarette , Nicotine 1000 Words | 3 Pages. What Happens When You Quit Smoking. WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU QUIT SMOKING ? Right now is a great time to quit smoking . Why?

In as little . Fellowship! as 20 minutes you’ll start to feel the benefits of not smoking . Curious how long nicotine stays in your body? What types of nicotine withdrawal symptoms you’ll have? Want to find out benefits of co essay how many tobacco-free days it will take for paper title your body to recuperate and no longer be at risk of the benefits curricular activities essay, dangers of smoking ? 20 MINUTES AFTER YOU QUIT The effects of quitting start to set in immediately. Less than 20. Coronary artery disease , Heart , Hypertension 968 Words | 4 Pages. How to Plan a Party Process Essay. ? Lebanese International University Najwa Joudi 71410035 English 201 Section A Process Essay Fall 2014 Tyre Campus . Parties are to commemorate special events and memorable occasions. Ashland Writing! However, what makes a party worthwhile and benefits curricular activities a happy occasion for both the host and his guests is perfect planning for essay topics war such an benefits of co essay, event. Planning a surprise birthday party can be fun and format of term paper page exciting. Benefits Of Co Activities! The anticipation that the planner feels waiting for ashland university - dissertation writing the reaction of the birthday person brings as much. Birthday , Event planning , Invitation system 766 Words | 4 Pages.

Jerry Thomas Professor Michaud Comp amp; Lit 101 December 13, 2010 Ban Smoking The human body is made up of all different . organs that are essential to benefits curricular activities, our living being. Thesis On Talent In India! Taking care of these organs is benefits of co curricular activities vital to maintaining our health. Good For Persuasive Essays! One of of co activities our most important organs is the lungs. The lungs are used to take in oxygen from the air and help us make blood cells in the body. Keeping the lungs healthy is necessary to essay topics on the, keeping your breathing and blood healthy. Of Co Essay! There are many things that keep. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1600 Words | 4 Pages. October 13, 2010 Process Analysis Essay Nicotine is a drug found in tobacco.

It can be as addictive as heroin or cocaine. . In India! Over time, a person becomes physically and emotionally addicted to nicotine. There are studies that have shown that smokers must deal with both the physical and psychological dependence to quit and stay nicotine free. Benefits Of Co! Quitting smoking is a step by step process that will enhance and prolong lives. Smokers often say that they want to quit , but do not know how . There is no one. Addiction , Nicotine , Nicotine gum 574 Words | 2 Pages. Process essays are essays that explain to example, the audience how to do something or how to . complete a task. Benefits Curricular Activities Essay! This may involve explaining how to put items or ingredients together to make a finished product, such as in a recipe. These essays can also explain how to accomplish a goal. For example, a process essay could detail the thesis on talent management, steps that must be taken in order to benefits curricular activities essay, graduate from a particular college. Regardless of the subject, all process essays must clearly explain in detail how to complete or perform a.

Conclusion , Essay , Essays 1193 Words | 4 Pages. Process essay: How to Play Coneball. How To Play Cone Ball For the last 2 years I have been employed at rotc resume example, the YMCA as an after school leader. Being an after school leader requires . to activities essay, assist students with homework but, to blank resume 1, also get them involved in P.E.P (Physical Exercise Program) time. PEP time for the most part is the students’ favorite part of the day were they are allowed to run around and get physically active. We also get the opportunity to benefits of co activities essay, play activities/games, there is thesis management in india a particular game that all the students love to of co curricular activities, play it’s. Entertainment , Eye , Game 894 Words | 3 Pages. ?Debate on Smoking Should the Government be able to control what we do in our own lives, or what we do to our own bodies? Would you want a . communist country, Where the government controlled what you do every single day? In my opinion if you banned smoking it would just be the revolutionary war, start down a path that could allow other unconstitutional laws and freedoms being stricken from the American population. The main reason why the government has not ban this drug yet is because of the economy, cigarettes alone.

Cigar , Cigarette , Electronic cigarette 2417 Words | 6 Pages. Barcelona1 Leticia Barcelona Eng V02 Melinda Zimmerman How to quit illegal drugs Since, there is an benefits of co curricular, epidemic . disease in this Country of the good sentences for persuasive, use of illegal drugs I found that putting down three simple steps to benefits curricular activities essay, begin a recovery. Perhaps you have a family member that is going through this phase be a close friend? Perhaps is yourself that have a drug addiction. First step is to accept there is a drug problem going on. Keep a journal of your inner self. Write down about your childhood. 2006 singles , Addiction , Drug 724 Words | 3 Pages.

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Carving , Face , Halloween 924 Words | 3 Pages. Sajid Azad 01/31/13 English 102-942 Instructor: Valerie Fox Impossible is Nothing Adidas’s latest anti- smoking campaign features three . cigarette butts layed out in a white background in the style of paper title its logo, which includes their motto “impossible is nothing”. As one of the largest suppliers of athletic gear, Adidas looks to not only promote greater advantages in curricular activities, sports recreation, but also in good health. The communicator in ashland - dissertation fellowship, the ad is the company Adidas, the primary audience would be smokers. Adidas , Cigarette , Lung cancer 1022 Words | 3 Pages. Cause and Effect Essay Millions of of co people smoke cigarettes on a daily basis.

Smoking cigarettes can be used as a stress . reliever. It contains chemicals that can essentially give someone similar effects of getting high. Many people are so addicted to cigarettes that they feel as if they cannot live without them. There are also people crazy enough to choose to buy a pack of cigarettes rather than gas if it came down to their last five dollars. Although some people may choose to smoke for it’s calming. Addiction , Cancer , Cigarette 803 Words | 3 Pages. Using Chakras and management in india Meridians to activities, Stop Smoking ! Using Chakras and Meridians to - dissertation, Stop Smoking 1 Smoking has been . Of Co Essay! part of my life for university - dissertation writing fellowship eleven years.

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What are the dangers and effects of revolutionary smoking? How did smoking get started? The effects smoking has on of co curricular essay, teens and more are in this essay. industry is rotc thriving, the people smoking , chewing, and using the tobacco are not. Teenagers and adults both suffer from tobacco usage, . healthwise and costwise. But teens especially are suffering the most. Each and every day 3000 teens begin smoking . Many of benefits of co activities them would say, If I want to topics on the revolutionary war, damage my lungs, it's my own choice.

They'd be surprised to find out that its affecting more than their lungs. Several recent studies have shown the relationship between smoking and other unhealthy behaviors. Health-threatening. Cancer , Cigarette , Lung cancer 1234 Words | 4 Pages. Ideas for activities essay Process Essays GETTING STARTED-Journal Ideas (from Moves Writers Make by James C. Ashland - Dissertation Writing Fellowship! Raymond.) 1. Think of a . process you know better than most people in your class—like canning strawberries, using a spreadsheet, or taking inventory, or building an benefits, architectural model, or resolving conflicts, or kayaking through whitewater. Or think of rotc resume example a zany process —like how to become famous by being really incompetent (ala Paris Hilton), or how to travel around the world without paying for it, or how to get. Creative writing , Essay , Essays 987 Words | 3 Pages. Quitting smoking is not easy, but it can be done. To have the best chance of quitting successfully, you need to know what you're up against, . what your options are, and where to go for help. This document will provide you with this information. Why Is It So Hard to Quit Smoking ? Mark Twain said, Quitting smoking is easy.

I've done it a thousand times. Maybe you've tried to benefits curricular activities essay, quit too. Why is quitting and staying quit hard for so many people? The answer is nicotine. Nicotine Nicotine is. Lung cancer , Nicotine , Nicotine gum 9397 Words | 33 Pages. ?Jin Sung Kim Dr.

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Airport process is one of the important parts when going on of co curricular activities, vacation. Of Term Paper! There are several steps that. Airline ticket , Airport , Boarding pass 926 Words | 3 Pages. Should cigarettes smoking be prohibited in pubs ? Michal Zacik Writing V. Rob Lee Argumentative Essay 6. 2. 2011 . Unhealthy environment, smoke screens and benefits of co empty wallets are a few problems someone might have when he enters a pub. On the one hand, it?s required to rotc resume example, have at of co curricular activities, least one non- smoking area in every pub, but on the other hand it?s usually a small part of it.

It could be a big problem for non-smokers, because they are bigger in number than seats for them. A good hopefulness for non-smokers. Cigarette , Health , Health care 795 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction Every person has their own excuse about topics on the war, why they started and why they don’t want to quite smoking . Many of the excuses can be . treated without smoking . Many said that smoking affects ones weight. Essay! it is on talent a source of benefits curricular activities essay losing weight .But If you want to lose weight, try working out. If you are stressed, see your doctor for medication.

If you just want to hook for persuasive essays, fit in, try being nice.Smoking can cause death. Why would you want to smoke if it causes so many deaths? People have all kinds of of co curricular activities excuses. Cancer , Cigarette , Lung cancer 881 Words | 3 Pages. How to - dissertation, Study for benefits an Exam Process Essay. time. Most high schools, colleges, and universities have final exams at the end of a particular academic term, semester, or more traditionally at rotc example, the end of of co . a complete course.

These tests can be worth high percentages of your grade and can determine how well you do in good hook, a class. There are many steps to being able to benefits curricular activities essay, take these tests well but they begin long before the studying for the test actually begins. To be successful on a final exam but ultimately in a class the first thing you must do is university fellowship attend. College , Examinations , Final examination 995 Words | 3 Pages. Zach Reeb Professor Gray English Composition 1 July 4, 2013 Process Essay College is of co curricular a very confusing and adventurous . time for young adults it’s a time to try new opportunities and - dissertation writing meet new people, but more importantly college is a time to choose a field of study that could possibly pave the way for one’s future career ambitions. When choosing a major one must think about three things interest, time, and life goals.

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Citation , Creative writing , Essay 1030 Words | 4 Pages. In this class four people had lost a loved one because of smoking . Benefits Of Co Essay! Another ten people in this class often inhale second hand smoke. Why should . you leave a loved one die or even worse, why should you let them poison you with their sick habit? I used to smoke for eleven years, since I was eleven years old, and I never thought of the dangers caused by essay topics, smoking . Activities Essay! Finally I quit smoking four months ago. The first thing I noticed was the resume, deeper breaths I could take, the cleaner smell of my clothes, my bedroom. Addiction , Cigarette , Drug addiction 1229 Words | 4 Pages. English 105 September 28, 2012 Process Essay Thesis: Making the curricular activities essay, lechon is topics on the revolutionary war a long process , unpredictable, but . it is worth it.

Plan: Figure the number of attendees, the size of the pig, the weight, the cost, the equipment, the ingredients, and the time. How To Make The Best Lechon It has been a long time since I had “lechon”. I ate it at a Filipino gathering two years ago, and I am thinking of doing it next summer on my birthday. Lechon refers to a whole roasted pig, and benefits of co it is the rotc resume example, most. Brine , Condiment , Cooking 1749 Words | 4 Pages. How Psychological and Sociological Insights Help Nurses to Understand Health Lifestyles. , This essay will address how psychological and benefits of co curricular sociological insights help nurses to understand health lifestyles by exploring . Writing! life sciences, focusing on people who engage in smoking and how they seem to override the fact that they are putting their health at risk. In addition to this I will also be highlighting statistics and briefly discussing the health complications that develop from smoking . Curricular! Consequently, it is important for nurses to understand how people function, more so when they are healthy. Health , Health care , Health care provider 2111 Words | 6 Pages. “The only way to be a truly happy non-smoker is to have absolutely no desire to smoke” (Carr, 2006).

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Why is writing an essay so frustrating?Learning how to write an essay can be a maddening, exasperating . process , but it doesn't have to be. If you know the steps and understand what to do, writing can be easy and even fun. This site, How To Write an resume example, Essay : 10 Easy Steps, offers a ten-step process that teaches students how to write an essay . Links to the writing steps are found on the left, and of co activities essay additional writing resources are located across the top. | Learning how to write an essay doesn't have to. Clearing , Essay , Essays 1908 Words | 5 Pages. Persuasive Speech to Stop Smoking. is ---------and here to persuade you to stop smoking . Smoking is not only bad for health it is also as bad for the people . around you. Breathing other people's smoke is called passive, involuntary or secondhand smoking . The non-smoker breathes side stream smoke from the burning tip of the sentences essays, cigarette and benefits of co mainstream smoke that has been inhaled and then exhaled by the smoker. Secondhand smoke is a major source of indoor air pollution. How does this affect the passive smoker? . Asthma , Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , Lung cancer 744 Words | 3 Pages. English teacher, Madam Jacqueliene, the chairman and our panel member. Format Paper Title! Smoking has been a threat to of co, society for a long time.

Our government has . launched numerous campaigns to eradicate smoking from among the people. Unfortunately, it’s effects are not very obvious. So, today we are going to of term paper page, discuss about the effects of of co curricular smoking as well as the ways to reduce smokers in our country to the minimum. The first effect of cigarette smoking , and probably the one that the non-smokers hate the most, is that. Cigarette , Effectiveness , Human 880 Words | 3 Pages. peers if they smoke too. They often use cigarette smoking to avoid the good hook essays, pressures of everyday living.

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uc coursework a-g What if I don't have any activities or awards? Will I be penalized? Activities and awards are not required. Knowing what you have done outside of school simply adds to our understanding of you as an applicant. We call academic subjects (history/social studies, English, etc.) the benefits curricular activities, 'a-g' subject areas. Here, we want to on talent in india know about other courses you have taken that have helped shape you but that might not have been granted academic credit. We want to know which have been most significant to you. We want to know which have been most significant to you. We want to benefits know which have been most significant to topics revolutionary you. We want to of co curricular know which have been most significant to you.

Having this information gives us a more complete picture of you. We want to know which have been most significant to you. We want to know which have been most significant to you. back. I did not qualify for blank resume 1, a fee waiver. What should I do if I can't afford to curricular activities essay apply? Select check as your method of payment, then print out your bill and send it to ashland university the application center along with a College Board fee waiver, EOPS fee waiver or letter stating your family income and how many people are supported by that income. If your fee waiver is not accepted, you will be notified by the UC Application Center. No. Application fees are nonrefundable. If I've already submitted my application and benefits want to thesis management in india apply to an additional campus, should I start a new application?

No. If the campus you want to apply to is still open, you can add it to your existing application. You will have to pay an additional application fee. Some majors are open only to certain types of applicants (e.g., freshmen, junior-level transfers). Additionally, campuses have limited offerings for sophomore transfers and curricular activities essay second baccalaureate and in india limited status applicants. Majors also are limited after the November filing period. If the program you want to pursue is not an official double major program, select one major as the primary and the second major as the alternate.

This is an option to of co curricular activities essay select another area of potential interest should you not meet the selection criteria for a specific major or academic area of study (e.g., Engineering, Biological Sciences, Theater, etc.). If you do not have an alternate major choice, the system defaults to 'no alternate major.' Some campuses do not allow an alternate major choice. For freshman applicants, each campus has an option for an undeclared or undecided major. It may be found within a specific college (e.g., College of Letters and Science) or found in sentences, a listing of activities all undeclared majors (e.g., Irvine, Riverside and blank resume 1 Santa Cruz's Undeclared Majors). Undecided/Undeclared generally is of co curricular activities not an option for junior-level transfer applicants. Some majors require additional information for the admissions process.

Please follow the instructions given specifically for ashland university - dissertation, these majors within the published deadlines. How do I provide my best scores (i.e., super score) from different test dates? UC does not accept a super score. Please self-report only the SAT test date with the highest total score or the ACT test date with the benefits of co curricular activities essay, highest composite score. Scores from topics on the war, other test dates can be ordered and reported officially from the testing agency. back. If you haven't taken an exam, try to take it by December. If you are unable to benefits activities do so, check the appropriate box and explain why in the space provided. Thesis On Talent Management? Failing to take the exams may affect your admission. back. All requirements for freshman admission, including the examination requirement, must be completed prior to benefits curricular essay high school graduation. back.

We only accept the Math Level 2 exam, however, you may choose to send your official Math Level 1 score in order to hook clear a math subject area deficiency. back. No, but if you have taken or plan to take any AP exams, report them on of co curricular activities, the AP Exam page. This provides us with additional information about your academic history. back. Predicted International Baccalaureate (IB) results should be reported on the International External Exams page. Completed IB exams should be reported on blank resume 1, the IB Exams page. back. No, but if you have taken or plan to take any IB exams, report them on the IB Exam page. This provides us with additional information about your academic history. back. You can make a note of this in the Additional Comments area in the Personal Insight section. Benefits Essay? back. Only international students enrolled in secondary school outside of the U.S. should report their predicted IB exam scores on ashland university, the International External Exams page. For all students, completed and/or planned IB exams should be reported on activities essay, the IB Exams page. Rotc Resume? back.

Only international students enrolled in secondary school outside of the U.S. should report their predicted IB exam scores. Report only counselor- or school-predicted IB exam scores; do not report self-predicted scores. back. Predicted International Baccalaureate (IB) results should be reported on the International External Exam page. Completed IB exams should be reported on the IB Exam page. back. If you have or will have AP or IB scores, request that the activities, official score report be sent by thesis the testing agency to the UC campus where you plan to enroll, after you have accepted the offer of admission; unlike ACT and SAT scores, AP and benefits activities essay IB scores are not shared with each campus to which you have applied. back. The TOEFL and IELTS are English proficiency exams for students whose native language is not English and blank resume 1 who have had the majority of of co activities essay their education in secondary/high school and college/university in blank resume 1, a country where English is not the native language. Of Co? back. The minimum accepted score for the TOEFL is 80 for the Internet-based test and 550 for the paper-based test. The IELTS examination is accepted with a 6.5 or better band score (academic modules). Format Paper? For admission selection, a UC campus may require a score higher than the minimum. back. Report all external exams completed and planned on benefits curricular activities essay, the International External Exams page. Select the grades/marks received exactly as they appear on your certified results sheet rather than the mark assigned by your teacher at the end of the resume example, course.

If your exam was scored using a grade scale not listed on the International External Exams page, select 'other' and manually enter your results. And, finally, if you sat for the same subject more than once, you must report the grades earned from each sitting. Benefits Of Co Curricular? If only part of your schooling included external exams, report your school courses and grades as they will be listed on your official secondary school transcript in the Academic History section of the application. back. Yes. Revolutionary War? We do not require Subject Tests, but if you have taken them and want to curricular activities report your scores we will consider them in essay topics revolutionary, our review of your application. Some majors at some campuses recommend specific Subject Tests. back. Yes, the application center will forward your scores to all campuses to which you have applied. You still must arrange to have official scores sent by the testing agency to at least one campus. back. Freshman and Sophomore Applicants. Upper Division Transfer Applicants. Can I submit my transcripts instead of entering all my coursework and grades?

No. Curricular Activities? Do not send transcripts unless a campus Admissions Office requests them. On Talent In India? If you are admitted you will be required to submit official transcripts. back. Report all external exams completed and of co curricular planned on the International External Exams page in the Test Score section. Select the grades/marks received exactly as they appear on your certified results sheet rather than the mark assigned by your teacher at the end of the course.

If your exam was scored using a grade scale not listed on the International External Exams page, select 'other' and manually enter your results. And, finally, if you sat for the same subject more than once, you must report the grades earned from each sitting. Rotc Resume? back. Yes. List the courses you took and curricular activities essay grades you earned for each term, even if you repeated them or plan to repeat them. Rotc Resume? back. Freshman and Sophomore Applicants. Some middle-school courses in mathematics and language other than English count toward UC's subject requirement. Of Co Activities? back. Select Less than full year under the Term Period if you did not complete and pass the equivalent of blank resume 1 two full semesters of the course. back. We call academic subjects (history/social science, English, etc.) the 'a-g' subject areas.

Each accredited California high school has a list of of co essay courses that have been certified by title UC as meeting the 'a-g' subject requirements. If you attended school outside of California, list your courses in the appropriate academic subject areas. back. Integrated math courses (e.g., Math II, Math III, etc.) with geometry content may be equated with a standard course in geometry. Benefits Of Co Activities Essay? back. You can meet this requirement in one of several ways, including through SAT Subject Tests. You can also have your high school principal certify your proficiency in a language other than English. Tell us how you have met this requirement in ashland university, the Additional Comments section. back. Enter your honors level courses, as identified by your high school, by selecting HL as the Honors Type for the course(s). back. UC approves courses at all accredited California high schools as meeting the 'a-g' requirements.

Some courses are approved as honors-level courses, meaning they meet higher standards. Of Co Activities? back. In calculating your high school GPA, we don't count pluses and minuses. back. Indicate summer course enrollment with your school information for each academic year. You will be asked to enter summer courses separately after each grade level. If you took college courses, enter them in the Colleges Courses section. back. If the online school has an approved UC course list, add the school as one of the high schools you attended. We no longer allow principal certification of blank resume 1 online courses. back. If you took a course through a community college, regardless of the physical location of the benefits curricular activities, course, enter the community college in ashland university, your list of colleges attended while in high school. Benefits? back. The additional honors point is awarded to college-level courses that are transferable to the University of California.

High school-level courses taken at topics revolutionary war, a community college do not receive the honors designation. back. For the off-term, enter the grade of NO (No Course). back. If your school''s term system is Semester (2 final grades per curricular activities essay, year), enter your summer grade in one of the grade fields and for persuasive essays enter NO for the other grade field. If your school's term system is Trimester(3 final grades per year), enter your summer grade(s) in benefits activities essay, 2 of the blank resume 1, grade fields and NO for the other grade field. If your school's term system is Quarter (4 final grades per year), enter your 2 summer grades received and NO for benefits curricular activities essay, the other 2 grade fields. back. Complete the Academic History as best you can. Be sure to list all schools attended, beginning with grade nine, even though grade nine may have been completed at a junior high or middle school.

Report all academic subjects completed and grades/marks earned each year exactly as they appear on your official secondary school transcript or academic record. UC has experienced international admission specialists who are knowledgeable about the blank resume 1, different grading systems and methods of of co activities essay reporting coursework in different countries. If you sat/will sit for international external exams, report your exam subjects and grades on the International External Exams page in the Test Score section. You can also contact an blank resume 1 International Admissions Specialist at the campus you want to attend. Benefits Of Co Curricular Essay? Their contact information is format of term paper title page included on the campus pages of the UC admissions website. back.

Knowing your high school record helps us determine if you're eligible for admission prior to junior standing. We accept sophomore transfer students only if they met UC admission requirements in high school or met all but the subject requirement and activities essay have taken the missing subjects in college. back. In the United States, 12th grade is equivalent to the year of schooling before you attend university. If you attended school in a system where primary and secondary education total 13 years (Germany or Great Britain, for example), list your 13th year of coursework under 12th grade and work backward through 11th, 10th and topics on the revolutionary war 9th grades. It's also important to benefits of co note that we often use the sentences for persuasive essays, words 'college' and curricular activities 'university' interchangeably. Thesis On Talent Management? In the U.S., college level is the benefits of co essay, same as university level; college is sentences not upper-level secondary school. back. Each California community college has a list of courses that have been certified as meeting the 'a-g' subject requirements. back. If you attend a school where you earn a high school diploma and college credit at the same time, enter the high school you attend and benefits of co curricular the classes taken at the high school first.

After you complete your high school information, you will be asked about colleges and university writing college courses taken while in high school. back. If you are admitted, you must arrange to have a final, official high school transcript (showing your date of graduation) sent to the campus where you plan to enroll. Unless a campus requests it, do not send a transcript during the application process. back. You must report all colleges/universities you have attended and all coursework attempted, regardless of how long you attended or the benefits of co activities essay, grades you earned, whether courses were completed or whether you believe the record will affect your chances for example, admission or yield transfer credit. If you provide incomplete or incorrect information, you may jeopardize your UC admission or enrollment. back. Report military courses (not academic courses completed at activities essay, a college or university) in the Additional Comments box - not in the Colleges and Courses section. Do not submit any transcripts at this time. If you are admitted and accept an offer of hook sentences for persuasive essays admission, you can then submit official military transcripts (e.g., ACE, SMAART) to the UC campus of your choice. UC may award transfer credit for some of your military courses if the content is equivalent to a course taught by activities the University of California. Essay Topics On The War? back. You are not required to submit your military transcript unless you want them to be reviewed for possible transfer credit.

However, if you do not submit them by the stated deadline after you have been admitted, the admission office may not be able to review them after you begin classes at the campus. back. Visit the American Council on Education (ACE) website at: - search for benefits activities essay, military transcripts. Thesis In India? back. You will be able to curricular activities essay update your application. About five weeks after the blank resume 1, application submission deadline, you must log in to your application and complete the transfer academic update to confirm or change your planned coursework. back. Manually enter the benefits of co curricular, course as Course Title-Part 1, Course Title-Part 2, etc. Thesis On Talent Management In India? Please explain in the Additional Comments section of Other Academic History. back. Yes. Benefits Curricular Activities Essay? Many transfer students who didn't participate in a transfer admission program enroll at UC. back. If you are a sophomore transfer applicant and were eligible for admission out of high school or have satisfied the missing subjects, you do not have to complete the seven-course pattern. If you are a junior or senior transfer applicant, you should plan to complete these courses by the deadline required by your chosen campus(es). back.

Enter this information in the Additional Comments area. back. IGETC is a series of courses California community college students can take to satisfy the lower-division general education/breadth requirements at essay topics on the war, UC. If is not an admission requirement. If you have followed an IGETC plan since entering a community college, see which campuses programs accept IGETC. back. All UC undergraduates must demonstrate proficiency in writing.

You can fulfill this requirement by completing a transferable college English composition course worth 4 quarter (3 semester) units. More back. Select STLIP (still in progress) for your course grades. Submit your academic update before the priority deadline and update your grades as soon as you receive them. back. Once you've submitted the Transfer Academic Update, you may log back in and make necessary changes. back. If you are admitted, you must arrange to have final, official transcripts sent to the campus where you plan to enroll. Unless a campus requests it, do not send a transcript during the benefits of co curricular, application process. back.

Upper Division Transfer Applicants. You will need to title retrieve this information from UC TAP in benefits of co curricular activities, order to verify your identity and in india initiate the import into the application for admission to benefits curricular the University. UC TAP accounts and university writing the UC admissions application accounts are NOT directly linked. back. Even though personal and demographic information are contained in UC TAP, only the academic history (school, coursework and UC TAP/TAG information) will be available for import into the UC application. back. Make sure you are using the benefits, correct UC TAP login ID and UC TAP email. back. UC Transfer Admission Planner data are current as of the date noted at of term paper, the top of the of co curricular activities essay, page. If your last import is before that date, you will need to make the same updates here as they will not be reflected in the imported data. back. If the system is unable to make the match between your UC TAP account and your application, you should manually enter your information. Format Title Page? back. Freshman and Sophomore Applicants. Upper Division Transfer Applicants.

I attend a British System college. How should I enter my school? If you are completing Advanced Level examinations in the British System (United Kingdom, Singapore, etc.), indicate your last school attended as your high school of graduation, even though your school may be called a college or junior college. We often use the words 'college' and 'university' interchangeably. College level is the same as university level. College is not upper-level secondary school in the U.S. back. Freshman and Sophomore Applicants. If your California high school does not appear in the list, check that you have typed the name correctly. Try entering just the unique words in your school name and leaving out benefits of co curricular words such as High School, College, or Saint. If your school is hook sentences for persuasive essays not in California and does not appear in the list (or no matches appear), enter the of co curricular essay, full name of the school, the city and institution type, then click 'Add This.' back.

Specialized curriculum focuses on a particular academic or career-technical area of study. A career pathway/academy is a cohort of students within a school who typically participate for three years in a state-funded California Partnership Academy with a focus on rotc, an area of of co curricular essay career interest. Ashland Fellowship? A magnet school accepts students based on their interest and proven talent in an academic area of emphasis (e.g., the arts, or science and technology) and nurtures student development in that area. Benefits Of Co Activities Essay? If your school does not have a specialized curriculum, leave this blank. On The Revolutionary? Do not select Other. back.

List 'Home School/Home Study' as your school name. For diploma/certification received, list either GED or High School Proficiency. Benefits Curricular Essay? If you took courses through an online provider, a correspondence school or other accredited program, list the institution's name and dates of attendance, and any certificate received. Some campuses may require additional information such as a portfolio. For specific requirements, contact the individual campus. back. Enter all the requested information and answer 'Yes' to the question asking if this is the school you graduated from.

For diploma/certification received, select any equivalency you earned (e.g., GED or High School Proficiency) if applicable or Other and management in india type None. Please explain why you did not graduate from high school in the Additional Comments section of of co essay Other Academic History. back. If your school's grading system isn't listed, choose Other from the dropdown menu and enter your school's system. Do not select Other if the only differences are plus and in india minus letter grades. If your grades are from a school outside the U.S., do not convert them; enter your marks exactly as issued by of co essay your school when you are asked for your grades. If you attend school in university - dissertation writing, Korea, which uses a ranking system (1-9), please report both your rank and your raw score in benefits of co, each course. Grades should be reported as follows: rank/raw score (e.g., 2/94). We have experienced international admission specialists who are knowledgeable about the different grading systems and methods of reporting coursework in different countries. back. Enter the good sentences essays, dates as if there were no gap in activities essay, attendance, starting with the earliest date you attended the school and ending with the blank resume 1, most recent. back.

If the online provider has an approved UC course list (e.g., Laurel Springs Online, UCCP, EPGY), add the of co curricular activities, provider as one of the high schools you attended. If the online course is being certified by your high school principal and essay topics will appear on of co curricular essay, your high school transcript, you can self-enter the course as part of the hook sentences for persuasive, curriculum taken at your high school. back. If you took a course through a community college, regardless of the benefits activities, physical location of the course, enter the community college in your list of colleges attended while in high school. back. If you attend a school where you earn a high school diploma and blank resume 1 college credit at the same time, enter the high school you attend and curricular the classes taken at the high school first. After you complete your high school information, you will be asked about colleges and college courses taken while in high school, step 3 In This Section. Blank Resume 1? back.

If your college is in curricular, California, check that you have typed the name correctly. Try entering just the unique words in your school name and leaving out words such as High School, College, or Saint. Blank Resume 1? If your school is not in California and does not appear in the list (or no matches appear), enter the of co curricular activities, full name of the school, the city and institution type, then click 'Add This.' back. Enter the rotc example, dates as if there were no gap in attendance, starting with the earliest date you attended the school and ending with the most recent. back. Indicate as your current college the one where you are carrying the most units. back. Check with your California community college counselor to see if your degree is an approved Associate of Arts or Associate of Science degree for of co curricular, Transfer (i.e., AA-T, AS-T, SB 1440 degree). Select Associate's if your degree is not one of the approved degree programs or you are attending a community college outside of California. back. If your school's grading system isn't listed, choose Other from the dropdown menu and enter your school's system. On Talent Management In India? Do not select Other if the only differences are plus and curricular minus letter grades.

If your grades are from a school outside the U.S., do not convert them; enter your marks exactly as issued by your school when you are asked for of term paper page, your grades. back. Upper Division Transfer Applicants. It helps us understand your academic history and the path you've taken. Activities? List the high school you graduate from or last attended. back. Finish typing the name of your school and click 'Add.' Answer the topics on the, questions that follow. back.

If you received a GED or certificate, enter that information in the space provided. Otherwise, leave the benefits of co curricular activities, space blank. back. You will need to rotc resume example retrieve this information from UC TAP in order to benefits of co curricular verify your identity and initiate the university fellowship, import into benefits of co curricular activities essay the application for admission to the University. UC TAP accounts and ashland university writing the UC admissions application accounts are NOT directly linked. back. Even though personal and demographic information are contained in UC TAP, only the academic history (school, coursework and UC TAP/TAG information) will be available for import into the UC application. Of Co Essay? back. Make sure you are using the correct UC TAP login ID and UC TAP email. Thesis In India? back. UC Transfer Admission Planner data are current as of the date noted at the top of the page. If your last import is before that date, you will need to make the same updates here as they will not be reflected in the imported data. Benefits Of Co Curricular Activities? back.

If the system is unable to make the match between your UC TAP account and your application, you should manually enter your information. back. When will I find out if I've been granted a scholarship? The campus will inform you after you are admitted. Yes, your eligibility will be confirmed prior to example any scholarship being awarded. It is strongly recommended that all U.S. citizens, eligible non-citizens, and of co essay undocumented students who meet AB540 requirements apply for hook sentences essays, financial aid (including grants and loans). The deadline to apply is March 2 of the year you plan to start.

I have one parent/legal guardian. Do I have to fill out both parent sections? Enter only the information that is relevant to your family situation. You may leave the job title and number of years blank. While most students under 24 do not meet the criteria for financial independence, if this accurately describes your situation and benefits of co essay you support yourself solely with your own resources (employment, commercial/institutional loans in your name only, financial aid and savings from earnings,) you should claim independent status.

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alan guths thesis Journal of Modern Physics. General Relativistic Treatment of the Pioneers Anomaly. Benefits Curricular Essay. Marcelo Samuel Berman, Fernando de Mello Gomide. Instituto Albert Einstein/Latinamerica, Av. Sete de Setembro 4500 # 101 80250-210, Curitiba, Brazil. Email:,, Received June 15, 2012; revised July 16, 2012; accepted July 24, 2012. Keywords: Cosmology; Einstein; Brans-Dicke; Pioneers Anomaly.

We consider a General Relativistic generalized RWs metric, and fellowship, find a field of Universal rotational global centripetal acceleration, numerically coincident with the value of the Pioneers Anomalous one. Related subjects are also treated. The rotation defined here is of co different from older frameworks, because we propose a Gaussian metric, whose tri-space rotates relative to the time orthogonal axis, globally. Detailed description of the subjects treated in this paper may be found in the two books recently published by essay revolutionary Berman in 2012 [1,2]). Additional paper references are Berman in 2007 [3]; in 2011 [4] and [5]; in activities essay, 2012 [6]) and hook for persuasive essays, with co-authors Costa, (Berman and Costa in 2012 [7]) and with Gomide (Berman and Gomide in 2012 [8] and in form as a Chapter in an edited book [9], by benefits of co activities essay Berman and Gomide.

The subject treated in three papers by Marcelo Samuel Berman in ashland - dissertation writing, this issue, two of them co-authored by Fernando de Mello Gomide (in 2012 [1]; and the present paper) and curricular, one co-authored by good for persuasive essays Newton C. Benefits Activities. A. Resume. da Costa (in 2012 [7]) are fully covered, along with all introductory material, in the books by Berman recently published (in 2012 [1,2]). Readers which are not familiar with the contents of the three papers in this issue of this Journal, may find relief by consulting those books. Attempts to ascribe a rotational state to the Universe, were carefully described by Godlowski (in 2011 [10]). However, he confessed that there was no theoretical framework, within General Relativity, to guide the observations. In the present paper,such a mechanism is provided. The metric to be presented, makes the tri-dimensional space, globally rotate relative to the orthogonal time axis. We are now proposing a novel idea, a generalized Gaussian metric, which is minimally different from the Robertson-Walkers one. In Berman [11], a semi-relativistic treatment, based on the zero-total energy of the benefits curricular activities essay, (rotating) Universe, made us conclude that the Pioneers anomalous deceleration, was a kind of peculiar centripetal effect of the rotation of the Universe, that could be observed by any cosmological observer.

In the present paper, we prove the alleged zero-total energy of the rotating Universe, and supply the metric for such rotation with expansion. We keep a perfect fluid model, unlike Raychaudhuri’s vorticities, and we also differ from the metrical rotational states, derived from non-diagonalized metrics. We shall find an energy-density solution, very similar to the Berman [11] solution. As Berman and Gomide (in 2012 [9]) have shown, by our framework, of a rotating Universe, we explain the three NASA anomalies, namely, the essay topics, Pioneers linear deceleration, the spin-down of the spacecraft when they were undisturbed, and the fly-by. The present paper, yields a Machian solution, while the other one supplies a large class of general relativistic cosmological solutions with Universal rotation [8]. Ni [12,13], has reported observations on a possible rotation of the polarization of the cosmic background radiation, around 0.1 radians. As such radiation was originated at the inception of the Universe, we tried to estimate a possible angular speed or vorticity, by dividing 0.1 radians by the age of the Universe, obtaining about 10 – 19 rad·s – 1 . The numerical result is benefits of co curricular very close to the theoretical estimate, by Berman (in 2007 [11]), where c, R represent the speed of light in vacuum, and the radius of the causally related Universe.

We must remember, as Berman and Gomide [9] have pointed, that their calculation deals with material particles, or, in the language of General Relativity, non-null geodesics. The fact that the Universe may exhibit a rotating state, can be understood by a simple fine-tuning argument—it would be highly improbable that the Universe could keep since birth a state of no angular momentum at all. The value of Bermans rotation, fits with the Pioneers anomaly, which consists on decelerations sufferred by Nasa space probes in non-closed curves, extending to outer space. Thermal emission was cited as resolving the Pioneers anomaly, but it does not explain the fly-bys, like Berman and Gomide [9] did through the present rotational theory. Worse, thermal emission is unable to explain why elliptical orbiters do not decelerate accordingly.

About this same numerical value of the angular speed is predicted also in Godel’s rotational model, but it is not an expanding one (see Adler, Bazin and Schiffer [14]). In the next few years, the observational evidence may confirm or not such rotation . Rotating metrics in General Relativity were first studied by Islam (in 1985 [15]), but Cosmology was not touched upon. However, it would be necessary an extreme perfect fine-tuning, in order to create the hook for persuasive essays, Universe without any angular-momentum. The primordial Quantum Universe, is of co essay characterized by of term title page dimensional combinations of the fundamental constants “c”, “h” and curricular essay, “G” respectively the speed of light in vacuo, Planck’s and Newton’s gravitational constants. The natural angular momentum of Planck’s Universe, as it is called, is, then, “h”.

It will be shown that the angular momentum grows with the of term paper page, expanding Universe, but the corresponding angular speed decreases with the scale-factor (or radius) of the benefits essay, Universe, such being the reason for rotc the difficulty in detection of this speed with present technology. Notwithstanding, the so-called Pioneers’ anomaly (Anderson et al., in 2002 [16]), which is of co curricular a deceleration verified in the Pioneers space-probes launched by NASA more than thirty years ago, was attributed by sentences for persuasive Berman, to a “Machian” ubiquitous field of centripetal accelerations, due to the rotation of the Universe. Berman’s calculation rested on the assumption that the zero-total energy of the Universe was a valid result for the rotating case, but the proof was not supplied in that paper (Berman, in 2007 [3]). By “proof”, one thinks on the pseudotensor energy calculations of benefits curricular General Relativity—the best gravitational theory ever published. In his three best-sellers Hawking (in 1996 [17]; 2001 [18]; 2003 [19]) describes inflation (Guth in 1981 [20] and in 1998 [21]), as an accelerated expansion of the Universe, immediately after the creation instant,while the Universe, as it expands,borrows energy from the gravitational field to create more matter. According to his description, the positive matter energy is exactly balanced by the negative gravitational energy, so that the total energy is zero, and that when the size of the Universe doubles, both the matter and gravitational energies also double, keeping the resume, total energy zero (twice zero). Moreover, in the recent, next best-seller, Hawking and Mlodinow (in 2010) comment that if it were not for the gravity interaction, one could not validate a zero-energy Universe, and then, creation out of curricular essay nothing would not have happened. There are four methods, in GRT, to create rotations. Non-diagonal metrics, like Kerrs, is one. Thesis Management In India. The adoption of an benefits curricular activities essay, imperfect fluid model, with vorticities, as in Raychaudhuris equation, is second.

Third, you may follow the fellowship, Godlowski et al. (in 2004 [22]) idea, and add to the scalefactor s squared time derivative, a rotational term On the other hand, Berman (in 2008 [23,24]) has shown that Robertson-Walker’s metric, is a particular, non-rotating case, of a general relativistic expanding and rotating metric first developed by Gomide and Uehara (in 1981 [25]). The peculiarity of the general metric is that instead of working with proper-time , one writes the field equations of General Relativity with a cosmic time t related by: It was seen that when one introduces a metric temporal coefficient which is not constant, the new metric includes rotational effects. In fact, we have a generalized Gaussian metric, because besides the fact that the trispace is orthogonal to benefits of co curricular activities essay, the time-axis, the spatial part of the metric, rotates as a whole, relative to this time axis. Topics Revolutionary War. This is a new concept being introduced in the theory. The present paper follows the steps of the semi-relativistic treatment by Berman (in 2007 [3]), but this time, it is General relativistic, and we shall find a Machian kind of solution. The general solution is to benefits of co curricular activities, be found in Berman and Gomide (in 2012 [8]). In a previous paper Berman (in 2009 [26]) has calculated the energy of the Friedman-Robertson-Walker’s Universe, by means of pseudo-tensors, and writing, found a zerototal energy. Our main task will be to benefits of co, show why the Universe is a zero-total-energy entity, by means of pseudotensors, even when one chooses a variable such that the Universe also rotates, and then, to show how General Relativity predicts a universal angular speed, and a universal centripetal deceleration, numerically coincident with the observed deceleration of the Pioneers spaceprobes. The first calculation of this kind, with the Gomide-Uehara generalization of RWs metric, was undertaken by Berman (in 1981 [27]), in his M.Sc. thesis, advised by the present second author, but where the rotation of the Universe was not the scope of the thesis. The pioneer works of Berman (in 1981 [27]), Nathan Rosen (in 1994 [28]), Cooperstock and Israelit, (in 1995 [29]), showing that the of term, energy of the Universe is zero, by means of calculations involving pseudotensors, and Killing vectors, respectively, are here given a more simple approach. The energy of the (non-rotating) RobertsonWalker’s Universe is zero, (Berman, in 2007 [11]; and in 2009 [26]).

Berman (in 1981 [27]) was the first author to work, in pseudotensor calculations for the energy of Robertson-Walker’s Universe. He made the calculations on benefits curricular essay which the present paper rest, and, explicitly obtained the zero-total energy for a closed Universe, by means of LLpseudotensor, when Robertson-Walker’s metric was generalised by rotc the introduction of curricular activities a temporal-time-varying metric coefficient. However, the present authors, were unaware, in the year 1981, of the exact significance of their findings. On The War. The zero-total-energy of the Roberston-Walker’s Universe, and activities essay, of any Machian ones, have been shown by rotc many authors (Berman in 2006 [30,31]; in 2007 [11]; 2007 [32]; 2007 [3]). It may be that the Universe might have originated from a vacuum quantum fluctuation. In support of this view, we shall show that the pseudotensor theory (Adler et al. in 1975 [14]) points out to a nullenergy for benefits of co essay a rotating Robertson-Walker’s Universe. Some prior work is mentioned, (in 2006 [30]; 2006 [31]; in 2007 [11]; 2007 [32]; 2007 [3]; Rosen in 1995 [33]; York Jr in 1980 [34]; Cooperstock in 1994 [35]; Cooperstock and Israelit in 1995 [29]; Garecki in 1995 [36]; Johri et al. in 1995 [37]; Feng and Duan in 1996 [38]; Banerjee and thesis management in india, Sen in 1997 [39]; Radinschi in benefits activities essay, 1999 [40]; Cooperstock and Faraoni in 2003 [41]). See also Katz (in 2006 [42], in 1985 [43]; Katz and format of term title page, Ori in 1990 [44]; Katz et al. in 1997 [45]).

Recent developments include torsion models (So and Vargas in 2006 [46]), and, a paper by Xulu in 2000 [47]. The reason for the failure of non-Cartesian curvilinear coordinate energy calculations through pseudotensors, resides in that curvilinear coordinates carry non-null Christoffel symbols, even in Minkowski spacetime, thus introducing inertial or fictitious fields that are interpreted falsely as gravitational energy-carrying (false) fields. Benefits Of Co Activities. Carmeli et al. in 1990 [48] listed four arguments against the use of Einstein’s pseudotensor: 1) the energy integral defines only an affine vector; 2) no angular-momentum is blank resume 1 available; 3) as it depends only on the metric tensor and its first derivatives, it vanishes locally in a geodesic system; 4) due to the existence of a super-potential, which is related to the total conserved pseudoquadrimomentum, by means of a divergence, then the values of the metric tensor, and its first derivatives, only matter, on a surface around the volume of the mass-system. We shall argue below that, for the Universe, local and global Physics blend together. The pseudo-momentum, is to be taken like the linear momentum vector of Special Relativity, i.e., as an affine vector. In a previous paper (Berman in 2009 [26]), we stated that “if the Universe has some kind of curricular activities essay rotation, the energy-momentum calculation refers to a co-rotating observer”. Paper. Such being the case, we now go ahead for the actual calculations, involving rotation. Birch (in 1982 [49] and in 1983 [50]) cited inconclusive experimental data on benefits curricular essay a possible rotation of the rotc resume example, Universe, which was followed by a paper written by Gomide, Berman and Garcia in 1986 [51]. 2. Field Equations for the Rotating and Expanding Metric. Benefits Curricular. Consider first a temporal metric coefficient which depends only on t. The line element becomes: The field equations, in General Relativity Theory (GRT) become: Local inertial processes are observed through proper time, so that the four-force is given by: Of course, when , the above equations reproduce conventional Robertson-Walker’s field equations.

We must mention that the idea behind RobertsonWalker’s metric is the Gaussian coordinate system. For Persuasive Essays. Though the condition is usually adopted, we must remember that, the resulting time-coordinate is of co curricular activities essay meant as representing proper time. If we want to use another coordinate time, we still keep the Gaussian coordinate properties. From the energy-momentum conservation equation, in blank resume 1, the case of a uniform Universe, we must have, The above is necessary in the determination of cosmic time, for a commoving observer. We can see that the hypothesis (2)—that is of co curricular only time-varying—is now validated. In order to thesis on talent, understand Equation (6), it is benefits of co essay convenient to relate the sentences essays, rest-mass m, to an inertial mass , with: It can be seen that represents the of co curricular activities, inertia of a particle, when observed along cosmic time, i.e., coordinate time. In this case, we observe that we have two acceleration terms, which we call, The first acceleration is linear; the blank resume 1, second, resembles rotational motion, and depends on benefits curricular and its timederivative. If we consider a centripetal acceleration, we conclude that the angular speed is given by, By comparison between the usual —metric, and the field equations in the t—metric, we are led to conclude that the conventional energy density and cosmic pressure p are transformed into and , where: We plug back into the field equations, and find, For a time-varying angular speed, considering an arc , so that, we find, from (11), Returning to (14), we find, This completes our solution.

The case where depends also on and was considered also by Berman (in 2008 [24]) and resume example, does not differ qualitatively from the present analysis, so that, we refer the reader to that paper. 3. Energy of the benefits of co curricular essay, Rotating Evolutionary Universe. Even in popular Science accounts (Hawking in hook sentences for persuasive essays, 1996 [17]; in 2001 [18] and in essay, 2003 [19]; Hawking and Moldinow in 2010; and Guth in 1998 [21]), it has been generally accepted that the Universe has zero-total energy. Example. The first such claim, seems to be due to Feynman in 1962-3 [52]. Lately, Berman (in 2006 [30,31]) has proved this result by means of curricular activities simple arguments involving Robertson-Walker’s metric for any value of the tri-curvature ( ). The pseudotensor , also called Einstein’s pseudotensor, is sentences essays such that, when summed with the energy-tensor of matter , gives the following conservation law: In such case, the quantity. is called the general-relativistic generalization of the energy-momentum four-vector of special relativity (Adler et al. in 1975 [14]). It can be proved that is curricular activities essay conserved when: a) only in a finite part of space; andb) when we approach infinity, where is the Minkowski metric tensor.

However, there is no reason to doubt that, even if the above conditions were not fulfilled, we might eventually get a constant , because the above conditions are sufficient, but not strictly necessary. We hint on the plausibility of other conditions, instead of a) and b) above. Such a case will occur, for instance, when we have the integral in on the war, (19) is equal to zero. For our generalised metric, we get exactly this result, because, from benefits, Freud’s (1939) formulae, there exists a super-potential, (Papapetrou in 1974 [54]): where the rotc, bars over benefits curricular the metric coefficients imply that they are multiplied by , and such that, thus finding, after a brief calculation, for the rotating Robertson-Walker’s metric, The above result, with von Freud’s superpotential, which yields Einstein’s pseudotensorial results, points to a zero-total energy Universe, even when the metric is endowed with a varying metric temporal coefficient . A similar result would be obtained from LandauLifshitz pseudotensor (Papapetrou in 1974 [54]), where we have: A short calculation shows that, for format paper the rotating metric, too, we keep valid the result, Other superpotentials would also yield the benefits curricular activities essay, same zero results. A useful source for the main superpotentials in the market, is the paper by Aguirregabiria et al. in 1996 [55]. The equivalence principle, says that at any location, spacetime is (locally) flat, and university - dissertation writing fellowship, a geodesic coordinate system may be constructed, where the Christoffel symbols are null. The pseudotensors are, then, at each point, null. But now remember that our old Cosmology requires a co-moving observer at each point. It is this co-motion that is associated with the geodesic system, and, as RWs metric is homogeneous and isotropic, for the co-moving observer, the zero-total energy density result, is repeated from point to curricular essay, point, all over spacetime.

Cartesian coordinates are needed, too, because curvilinear coordinates are associated with fictitious or inertial forces, which would introduce inexistent accelerations that can be mistaken additional gravitational fields (i.e., that add to the real energy). Choosing Cartesian coordinates is not analogous to good, the use of center of mass frame in New-tonian theory, but the null results for the spatial components of the curricular activities, pseudo-quadrimomentum show compatibility. 4. An Alternative Derivation. Though so many researchers have dealt with the energy of the Universe, our present original solution involves rotation. We may paraphrase a previous calculation, provided that we work with proper time instead of coordinate time t (Berman in rotc resume example, 2009 [26]). Then, the rotation of the Universe will be automatically included. We shall now consider, first, why the Minkowski metric represents a null energy Universe. Of course, it is empty. Curricular. But, why it has zero-valued energy? We resort to the result of Schwarzschilds metric, (Adler et al. in 1975 [14]), whose total energy is, If , the energy is zero, too. Rotc Resume. But when we write Schwarzschilds metric, and make the mass become zero, we obtain Minkowski metric, so that we got the of co curricular, zeroenergy result.

Any flat RWs metric, can be reparametrized as Minkowskis; or, for closed and open Universes, a superposition of such cases (Cooperstock and Faraoni in 2003 [41]; Berman in 2006 [30,31]). Now, the energy of the Universe, can be calculated at constant time coordinate . In particular, the result would be the same as when , or, even when . Arguments for initial null energy come from Tryon (in 1973 [58]), and Albrow (in 1973 [59]). More recently, we recall the quantum fluctuations of Alan Guths inflationary scenario (Guth in 1981 [20] and 1998 [21]). Berman (see for instance [57] ), gave the Machian picture of the Universe, as being that of a zero energy. Sciamas inertia theory results also in resume example, a zero-total energy Universe (Sciama in 1953 [58]; Berman in 2008 [59] and in 2009 [61]). Consider the possible solution for the rotating case. Curricular. We work with the -metric, so that we keep formally the RWs metric in an accelerating Universe. The scalefactor assumes a power-law, as in constant deceleration parameter models (Berman in 1983 [64]; and Berman and Gomide in 1988 [65]), where, m, D = constants, and, where q is the good sentences, deceleration parameter. For a perfect fluid energy tensor, and a perfect gas equation of state, cosmic pressure and energy density obey the following energy-momentum conservation law, (Berman in benefits of co curricular activities essay, 2007 [10,32]), where, only in this Section, overdots stand for -derivatives.

Let us have, ( constant larger than ) (25) On solving the differential equation, we find, for any , 1, , that, When , from (26) we see that the energy density becomes zero, and we retrieve an “empty” Universe, or, say, again, the energy is zero. However, this energy density is for the matter portion, but nevertheless, as in this case, , all masses are infinitely far from each others, so that the resume example, gravitational inverse-square interaction is also null. The total energy density is benefits curricular activities null, and, so, the total energy. Notice that the energy-momentum conservation equation does not change even if we add a cosmological constant density, because we may subtract an equivalent amount in pressure, and Equation (24) remains the blank resume 1, same. The constancy of the of co curricular activities, energy, leads us to consider the zero result at infinite time, also valid at any other instant. We refer to Berman (in 2006 [30,31]) for another alternative proof of the zero-energy Universe. If we took instead of topics on the t, these references would provide the zero result also for the rotational case. 5. Pioneers Anomaly Revisited. Einstein’s field Equations (4) and (5) above, can be obtained, when constant, through the mere assumptions of conservation of energy (Equation (4)) and thermodynamical balance of benefits of co activities essay energy (Equation (5)), as was pointed out by Barrow in 1988 [66].

The latter is also to be regarded as a definition of cosmic pressure, as the blank resume 1, volume derivative of energy with negative sign. Now, let us consider a time-varying . We may write the of co curricular essay, energy (in fact, the “energy-density”)—equation, as follows: The r.h.s. Thesis On Talent. stands for a constant. We can regard the l.h.s. as the a sum of constant terms, thus finding a possible solution of the field equations, such that each term in the l.h.s. of (27) remains constant. For example, let us consider, where, , and are non-zero constants. Relation (28) makes this solution practically of the Machiantype, similar to the semi-relativistic treatment by Berman (in 2007 [3]). Of Co Curricular Activities Essay. More general solutions may be found also in university - dissertation writing, the companion paper by Berman and Gomide (2012) [8] published in this issue of of co this Journal. See also Berman (in 2011 [4,5]; in 2012 [1,2,6]; Berman and Gomide in 2012 [9]). When we plug the above solution to the cosmic pressure Equation (5), we find that it is automatically satisfied provided that the following conditions hold, As we found a general-relativistic solution, so far, we are entitled to the our previous general relativistic angular speed Formula (11), to which we plug our solution (30), to wit, For the power-law solution of the last Section, where we roughly estimated the essay topics revolutionary, present deceleration paramenter as , while, the centripetal acceleration, Notice that the same result would follow from a scalefactor varying linearly with time. This is the sort of scalefactor associated with the Machian Universe.

In fact,the field equations that we had (Equations (4) and (5)), were not enough in order to determine the exact form of the scale-factor, because we had an benefits of co curricular activities, extra-unknown term, the temporal metric coefficient. When we advance a given equation of state, the original RWs field equations, with constant , may determine the scale-factors formula. Just to remember, our solution is a particular one. This is a general relativistic result. It matches Pioneers anomalous deceleration. In an Appendix to this Section, we go ahead with the alternative calculation with a simple naive Special Relativistic-Machian analysis, as had been made in Berman (in 2007 [3]).

6. Good Hook For Persuasive. Final Comments and curricular activities essay, Discussion. Someone has made very important criticisms on our work. First, he says why do not the of term page, planets in the solar system show the calculated deceleration on the Pioneers? The reason is that elliptical orbits are closed, and localized. You do not feel the expansion of the universe in the sizes of the benefits of co curricular essay, orbits either. In General Relativity books, authors make this explicit. You do not include Hubbles expansion in Schwarzschilds metric.

But, those space probes that undergo hyperbolic motion, which orbits extend towards infinity, they acquire cosmological characteristics, like, the given P.A. deceleration. Second objection, there are important papers which resolve the blank resume 1, P.A. with non-gravitational Physics. The answer—that is OK, we have now alternative explanations. Benefits Activities. This does not preclude ours. Third, cosmological reasons were discarded, including rotation of the Universe. The problem is that those discarded cosmologies, did not employ the correct metric. For instance, they discarded rotation by examining Godel model, which is non expanding, and with a strange metric. Thesis On Talent. The kind of benefits of co metric we employ now, or the one that we employed in the rotational case, were not discarded or discussed by the authors cited by this objecter. Then, the final question, is how come that a well respected author dismissed planetary Coriolis forces induced by rotation of distant masses, by format of term paper page means of the constraints in the solar system. Our answer is that, beside what we answered above, he needs to consider Machs Principle on one side, and the theoretical meaning of vorticities, because one is not speaking in a center or an axis of rotation or so.

When we say, in Cosmology, that the Universe rotates, we mean that there is benefits of co activities a field of vorticities,just that. The whole idea is university writing that Cosmology does not enter the Solar System except for non-closed orbits that extend to outer space. Benefits Essay. We ask the reader to check Machs Principle, because in blank resume 1, some formulations of this principle, rotation is in benefits of co essay, fact a forbidden affaire. Another one pointed out blank resume 1 a different “problem”. He objects, that the angular speed formula of ours, is coordinate dependent. Now, when you choose a specific metric, you do it thinking about the kind of problem you have to tackle. After you choose the convenient metric, you forget tensor calculus, and you work with coordinate-dependent relations. They work only for of co curricular activities essay the given metric, of course. We have obtained a zero-total energy proof for rotc a rotating expanding Universe.

The zero result for the spatial components of the energy-momentum-pseudotensor calculation, are equivalent to the choice of a center of benefits curricular essay Mass reference system in Newtonian theory, likewise the topics revolutionary war, use of curricular essay comoving observers in Cosmology. It is with this idea in mind, that we are led to thesis in india, the energy calculation, yielding zero total energy, for the Universe, as an acceptable result: we are assured that we chose the correct reference system; this is a response to benefits of co curricular, the criticism made by some scientists which argue that pseudotensor calculations depend on the reference system, and thus, those calculations are devoid of physical meaning. Related conclusions by Berman should be consulted (see all Berman’s references at the end of this article). Blank Resume 1. As a bonus, we can assure that there was not an initial infinite energy density singularity, because attached to benefits of co activities essay, the zero-total energy conjecture, there is a zero-total energydensity result, as was pointed first by resume example Berman elsewhere (Berman, for instance, see in benefits of co activities essay, 2012 [1,2]). The so-called total energy density of the Universe, which appears in some textbooks, corresponds only to the non-gravitational portion, and the zero-total energy density results when we subtract from the former, the opposite potential energy density. As Berman( in format paper title page, 2009 [67,68]) shows, we may say that the Universe is singularity-free, and was created abnihilo, nor there is zero-time infinite energy-density singularity. Paraphrasing Dicke (in 1964 [69,70]), it has been shown the many faces of Dirac’s LNH, as many as there are about Mach’s Principle. In face of modern Cosmology, the naif theory of curricular activities Dirac is a foil for theoretical discussion on the foundations of hook sentences this branch of Physical theory. The angular speed found by us, (Berman, in 2010 [68]; in 2009 [72]), matches results by Gödel (see Adler et al. in 1975 [14]), Sabbata and Gasperini (in 1979 [70]), and Berman (in 2007 [3], and in 2008 [24,74]). Rotation of the Universe and zero-total energy were verified for Sciama’s linear theory, which has been expanded, through the analysis of radiating processes, by benefits one of the present authors (Berman in 2008 [59]; and in 2009 [60]).There,we found Larmor’s power formula, in the gravitational version, leads to the correct constant power relation for the Machian Universe.

However, we must remember that in local Physics, General Relativity deals with quadrupole radiation, while Larmor is a dipole formula; for the Machian Universe the good sentences for persuasive, resultant constant power is basically the same, either for our Machian analysis or for the Larmor and activities essay, general relativistic formulae. Referring to rotation, it could be argued that cosmic microwave background radiation deals with null geodesics, while Pioneers’ anomaly, for instance, deals with time-like geodesics. In favor of evidence on rotation, we remark neutrinos’ spin, parity violations, the asymmetry between matter and anti-matter, left-handed DNA-helices, the essay, fact that humans and animals alike have not symmetric bodies, the same happening to benefits of co curricular essay, molluscs. And, of course, the results of the rotation of the polarization of CMBR. We predict that chaotic phenomena and fractals, rotations in galaxies and clusters, may provide clues on possible left handed preference through the Universe. Resume. Berman and Trevisan (in 2010 [74]) have remarked that creation out-of-nothing seems to be supported by the zero-total energy calculations.

Rotation was now included in the derivation of the benefits of co, zero result. Topics Revolutionary War. We could think that the Universes are created in activities, pairs, the first one (ours), has negative spin and positive matter; the second member of the pair, would have negative matter and essay topics on the revolutionary war, positive spin: for the ensemble of the of co curricular, two Universes, the in india, total mass would always be zero; the total spin, too. The total energy (twice zeros) is of co also zero. Essay Topics On The. Our framework, is the only one to solve the fly-by anomaly altogether, and explains why elliptical orbiters do not decelerate. For more details on the subjects treated here, the general recomendation is to refer the reader to both books published recently by Berman (in 2012 [72]). Benefits Activities Essay. One of the authors (MSB) thanks Marcelo Fermann Guimarães, Nelson Suga, Mauro Tonasse, Antonio F. da F. Teixeira, and for essay topics war the important incentive offered by benefits Miss Solange Lima Kaczyk, now, a brand new advocate, continued during the last five years of his research in Cosmology. M. S. Berman, “General Relativity and the Pioneers Anomaly,” Nova Science Publishers, New York, 2012.

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2, 2011, pp. 327-329. Format Page. M. S. Benefits Of Co. Berman, “Realization of Einsteins Machian Program: The Pioneers and Fly-By Anomalies,” Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol. 337, No. Blank Resume 1. 1, 2012, pp. Curricular Activities. 477-481. M. Blank Resume 1. S. Berman and N. C. A. da Costa, “On the Stability of Our Universe,” Journal of benefits curricular activities Modern Physics, Vol. 3, 2012, pp.

1211-1215. M. S. Berman and resume, F. M. Gomide, “Relativistic Cosmology and the Pioneers Anomaly,” Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 3, pp. 1178-1184. M. Benefits Of Co Curricular Activities Essay. S. Berman and F. M. Essay Topics Revolutionary. Gomide, “On the Rotation of the Zero-Energy Expanding Universe,” In: J. R. O’Connell and A. L. Hale, Eds., The Big-Bang-Theory, Assumptions and of co curricular, Problems, Nova Science Publishers, New York, 2012, pp. 285-310. W. Godlowski, Los Alamos Archives, 2011. arxiv: 1103.

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2, 1981, pp. 362-365. M. Curricular Activities Essay. S. Berman, “On the Zero-Energy Universe,” International Journal of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 48, No. 11, 2009, pp. 3278-3286. doi:10.1007/s10773-009-0125-8 M. S. Berman, Master’s Thesis, Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica, São Jose dos Campos, 1981. N. Rosen, “The Energy of the Universe,” General Relativity and Gravitation, Vol. 26, No. 3, 1994, pp.

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321, 2009, p. Format Page. 157. R. H. Dicke, “The Many Faces of Mach,” In: H. Y. Chiu and W. F. Of Co Curricular Activities. Hoffmann, Eds., Gravitation and blank resume 1, Relativity, Benjamin, New York, 1964, pp. Benefits. 121-141. Format Of Term Page. R. H. Dicke, “The Significance for the Solar System of Time-Varying Gravitation,” In: H. Y. Benefits Curricular. Chiu and W. F. Hoffmann, Eds., Gravitation and Relativity, Benjamin, New York, 1964. M. Format Of Term. S. Of Co Curricular. Berman, “Simple Model with Time-Varying FineStructure ‘Constant’— Part II,” Revista Mexicana de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Vol. 46, 2010, pp. 23-28. M. S. University - Dissertation Writing Fellowship. Berman, “Simple Model with Time-Varying FineStructure ‘Constant’,” Revista Mexicana de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Vol. 45, 2009, pp.

139-142. A. S. Eddington, “Expanding Universe,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1933. Of Co Curricular Essay. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511564208 M. S. Berman and format page, L. A. Benefits Essay. Trevisan, “On the Creation of Universe out of Nothing,” International Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 19, No. 8-10, 2010, pp. 1309-1313. Blank Resume 1. M. S. Berman and F. M. Gomide, 2010. Activities Essay. A. Albrecht and J. Format Page. Magueijo, “A Time Varying Speed of Light as a Solution to Cosmological Puzzles,” Physical Review D, Vol. 59, No.

4, 1999, pp. 1-13. A. I. Arbab, “Quantum Universe and benefits activities, the Solution to the Cosmological Problems,” General Relativity and Gravitation, Vol. 36, 2004, p. Management In India. 3565. Activities. J. N. Essay Topics On The War. Bahcall and benefits of co essay, M. Schmidt, “The Decade of Discovery in paper title, Astronomy and Astrophysics,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 19, No. 22, 1967, pp. 1294-1295. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.1294 J. D. Barrow, “Modern Cosmology in of co curricular activities essay, Retrospect,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1990. J. Blank Resume 1. D. Barrow, “Varying G and Other Constants,” 1997. J. Benefits Of Co Curricular Activities. D. Barrow, In: K. Sato, T. Yanagida and T. Essay Revolutionary. Shiromizu, Eds., Particle Cosmology, Universal Academic Press, Tokyo, 1997, pp. 221-236.

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215, No. 1, 1994, pp. 135-136. doi:10.1007/BF00627466 M. S. Format Of Term Title. Berman, “Superinflation in G.R. and B.D. Of Co Curricular Activities. Theories: An Eternal Universe,” International Journal of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 35, No. 8, 1996, pp. 1789-1792. doi:10.1007/BF02302271 M. Format Of Term Paper Title Page. S. Berman, “Gravitomagnetism and Angular Momenta of benefits of co activities essay Black-Holes,” Revista Mexicana de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Vol.

43, No. 2, 2007, pp. 297-301. M. S. Berman, “Is the Universe a White-Hole,” Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol. 311, No. 4, 2007, pp. Format Of Term Title. 359- 361. Benefits Activities. doi:10.1007/s10509-007-9515-7 M. S. Berman, “General Relativistic Machian Universe,” Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol. 318, No. 3-4, 2008, pp. 273-277. doi:10.1007/s10509-008-9929-x M. S. Berman, “Shear and Vorticity in a Combined Einstein-Cartan-Brans-Dicke Inflationary Lambda Universe,” Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol. 314, No.

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34, 1939, pp. 225-236. P. H. Ashland - Dissertation Writing Fellowship. Freud, “Uber Die Ausdrucke Der Gesamtenergie Und Des Gesamtimpulses Eines Materiellen Systems in Der Allgemeinen Relativitatstheorie,” The Annals of Mathematics, Vol. 40, No. 2, 1939 pp. Benefits Of Co Curricular Essay. 417-419. doi:10.2307/1968929 F. M. Gomide, Letter Nuovo Cimento, Vol. 15, 1976, p. 515.

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V. de Sabbata and M. Gasperini, “A Semi-Minimal Coupling Principle for the Electromagnetic Field in a Space with Torsion,” Lettere al Nuovo Cimento, Vol. 28, No. Rotc Example. 7, 1980, pp. 229-233. Activities Essay. B. P. Schmidt, “The High-Z Supernova Search: Measuring Cosmic Deceleration and Global Curvature of the Universe Using Type Ia Supernovae,” The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 507, No. 1, 1998, pp. Title Page. 46-63. doi:10.1086/306308 B. Benefits Of Co Curricular Activities. Schwarzschild, “Cosmic Microwave Observations Yield More Evidence of Primordial Inflation,” Physics Today, Vol. 54, No. 7, 2001, p. 16. doi:10.1063/1.1397385 J. Good Hook. K. Webb, et al., “Search for Time Variation of the Fine Structure Constant,” Physical Review Letters, Vol.

82, No. 5, 1999, pp. 884-887. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.82.884 J. K. Webb, et al., “Further Evidence for Cosmological Evolution of the Fine Structure Constant,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. Curricular Essay. 87, No. 9, 2001, pp.

1-4. Format Of Term Title. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.87.091301 S. Weinberg, “Gravitation and curricular essay, Cosmology,” Wiley, New York, 1972. C. Will, “300 Years of essay on the Gravitation,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1987. C. Will, “General Relativity,” Proceedings of the curricular activities, 46th Scotish Universities Summer School in Physics, Aberdeen, 16-29 July 1995. S. Hawking and L. Mlodinow, “The Grand Design,” Bantam, New Yor, 2010. Appendix to the Fifth Section. As we now have the pseudo-tensorial zero-total energy result, for rotation plus expansion, we might write in terms of elementary Physics, a possible energy of the Universe equation, composed of the inertial term of Special Relativity, , the potential self-energy. , and the cosmological “constant” energy, , and not forgetting rotational energy, where I stands for the moment of inertia of thesis management a “sphere” of radius R and mass M. The energy equation is equated to zero, i.e.,

It must be remembered that R is a time-increasing function, while the total-zero energy result must be timeinvariant, so that the activities essay, principle of energy conservation be valid. A close analysis shows that the above conditions can be met by solutions (28) and (29), which were derived or induced from the general relativistic equations. When we plug the ashland university - dissertation writing fellowship, inertia moment, we need also to consider the following Brans-Dicke generalised relations, If we calculate the centripetal acceleration corresponding to the above angular speed, we find, for the present Universe, with cm and cm·s – 2. This value matches the observed experimentally deceleration of the NASA Pioneers’ space-probes. We observe that the Machian picture above is understood to be valid for any observer in the Universe, i.e., the center of the “ball” coincides with any observer; the “Machian” centripetal acceleration should be felt by any observed point in the Universe subject to observation from any other location. We solve also other mystery concerning Pioneers anomaly. It has been verified experimentally, that those space-probes in closed (elliptical) orbits do not decelerate anomalously, but only those in hyperbolic flight.

The solution of this other enigma is easy, according to our view. The elliptical orbiting trajectories are restricted to our local neighborhood, and do not acquire cosmological features, which are necessary to qualify for our Machian analysis, which centers on cosmological ground. But hyperbolic motion is not bound by curricular essay the Solar system, and in fact those orbits extend to infinity, thus qualifying themselves to suffer the cosmological Machian deceleration. On Talent Management. Thermal emission may solve the benefits of co curricular activities essay, first Pioneer anomaly, but it does not solve the spin-down, nor the fly-bys in gravity assists. It is not clear why, thermal emission did not cause decelerations in elliptical orbiters. Essay Topics On The War. Rotation of the Universe solves all the benefits curricular activities, three (Berman and Gomide in 2012 [8]). Copyright ? 2006-2013 Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

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Essay: Feminism and ‘Burnt Shadows’ by Kamaila Shamsie. This chapter consists of benefits essay brief and on talent in india critical introduction to benefits of co curricular activities the study, and firstly it introduces the novelist, secondly, the brief background of the study, major characters, plot and themes of novel. 1.1 Introduction to hook for persuasive essays Burnt Shadows Novel. Kamaila Shamsie, one of the of co curricular essay, well known literary figures of present time is very much famous for the production of great literary pieces. She wrote a number of novels .Her novels are vastly read and praised for their excellence and theme, her novels mostly depicts and presents themes related to the civilization, culture and essay topics on the revolutionary war history of her mother land and sub-continent on benefits curricular, whole .she is found mostly talking about theme of love and war. Burnt Shadows is one of her best literary creations which is completely authentic, complex, breath-stopping was published on rotc, 10 October 2009.This is a historical novel consists of three parts presenting different time spans and different settings talking about the benefits of co activities essay, stories of two families .The whole story revolve around a Japanese young protagonist Hireko Tania who lives in blank resume 1 Nagasaki quite happily along with her family. Activities? Her happiness is doubled with the deep love affair between her and her German fianc?? Konrad weiss with whom she is essay revolutionary war going to get married very soon .August 9,1945 was a very unlucky morning for her as Atom Bomb was thrown on her mother land Nagasaki Which brought destructions, deaths, tears,sepration and disasters and it took away every near person and dear things from her .It snatches away her all joys and gifts her tears and irremovable loss.

Hiroko is benefits of co now the one of the survivors of Nagasaki bombing which left three crane shaped spot on blank resume 1, her back, is now left with only one choice to forget everything and benefits essay give a new beginning to rotc her life .She does so but her misries seems infinite she keeps on changing homes, cities and countries in the search her identity and place but her untiring journey starts from Nagasaki and ends at New York, with her oldhooh. 2.1: What is Feminism? Feminism is a theory or set of beliefs that aims at establishing women equality with men on political, social and economical as well as moral and ethical ground. The terms “feminism” and “feminist” become very much common and of co activities essay well known after 1970s, Katherine Hepburn believes that feminism was started in 1942.During these years so many other movements also came into being which mostly focused the rights of human .Feminism asserts to form and build equality among men and women in every platform and every walk of life. It struggles to give justice to of term paper title page women who are living under the dominance of male and are considered as inferior sex .They must not be dealt in this way male and female are naturally equal ,so to consider them inferior is benefits of co curricular essay a injustice. Topics On The Revolutionary War? To solve all these problems of women and provide them equality in every aspect and every walk of life feministic concepts are established. 2.2: Three waves of benefits activities feminism. Feminism has been divided into three categories by management in india some feminist and great literary figures, the famous three waves of feminism are: 1. Of Co Activities? First Wave (1848 to 1920) 2. Second Wave (1960 to 1980) 3. Third wave (1990 to continued) Feminism has a long history as its history tells us that this movement took a huge span of format of term title time to become famous and earn name and place in literature. Generally it is believed that it went through major stages which are now a day’s known as THREE WAVES OF FEMINISM based on slight differences in believes related to of co curricular essay the rights of woman in society. In early time women were considered as inferior in every field .they had no right to thesis vote or to take any decision .they were not given any share from property and rather treated as inferior and less important human creature. Essay? Those uncountable and unavoidable problems give birth to Feminism.

Rebbeca, Chafetz and format of term paper title page Dwarkin, and Pateman were famous feminist of that era they jointly divided feminism in three stages and named such change as THREE WAVES OF FEMINISM. First-wave feminism: This movement started from 1848 and ended till 1920.Followers of benefits of co this movement believed that women must be given equality ,they have their own existence so they must be treated equal living being .They should be given place, status and equality. Second- wave feminism: This movement started from early 1960 and ended to late 1980.It was wider in its scope than the previous one .It generated a set of rotc resume believes that equality is basic right of women but the benefits activities, need more than it. In all walks of life and in every aspect they must be given their own place and name. Third wave feminism :it was launched on 1990 and its is still being accepted and practiced .It was more general in its scope than the good sentences for persuasive essays, previous one. It also talked about the rights of middle class women as well. This movement was not only benefits activities essay about the rights of upper class women but it also talked about the basic rights of women of middle class in various areas and various societies It generally believed that women are born equal to rotc resume men so they must be treated not just as equal in of co curricular activities essay means of existence but they must be allowed to good sentences essays make their own identity and they must be left free to make their own name in this society. 2.3 Post-colonial Feminism. English literature has been raised and praised worldwide through out many decades .During late 19th century post colonial literature started to be produced .It soon earned a lot of name .Post colonial literature talked about universal themes like war, love etc.

Among these themes feminism also got highlighting place in many mater pieces of post colonial literature. Post colonialist have tried to keep on curricular activities essay, highlighting these themes further in their future writings .Post colonial feminism, like western feminism talks about women sufferings, miseries of women belonging to various backgrounds and races. They have made efforts to blank resume 1 change the westernized concept of feminism, as we see Bapsi Sidhwa says in one of her interview says that women are no more lesser unimportant so they should not be treated as useless and valueless ,due to benefits essay such reasons the image of Pakistan is blank resume 1 not good and she is benefits of co considered as fundamentalist but now not only the men but women are also playing their role to format paper title page form and build a new and better image of benefits of co curricular essay Pakistan in the eyes of Europe in particular and the world in essay revolutionary general. This is how she has been playing a vital role as strong believer and benefits curricular essay preacher of feminism in current times. Her concept varies little bit from the westernized concept of feminism .As we see it believes that women is a universal group they possess the right of social equality and gender justice must be done .Such concepts are similar to third world feminism which originates from equal internal ideologies and thesis socio cultural aspects .Post colonial feminism varies little bit from the benefits of co curricular activities essay, some bold and key features of modern feminism .Comparatively the sentences for persuasive essays, women of Pakistan in general and sub-continent in particular is in more worst and, subjugate condition in comparison of the women of the well developed countries .But they are not lagging behind in terms of having less abilities rather they have been provided with least opportunities ,postcolonial is benefits curricular activities essay junction of blank resume 1 Such views on the whole . 2.4: Kamila Shamise as Feminist Writer. Literature is no doubt a reflection of what we have in our mind and in our surroundings society .A writer is possibly believed as the presenter and painter of all the benefits curricular, happenings, customs, cultures, history and thesis on talent civilization of any society to which he or she belongs. In Pakistan the number of well known Pakistani female writers is countable on finger tips, but among the content of those names we do find the name of Kamila Shamise. Kamaila shamise is a well known Pakistani novelist with a vast literary background. No doubt she is benefits essay professional writer who got huge encouragement from her family.

Her writings have presented a very positive image of Pakistani women. She has written so many books like salt and saffron, Broken Verses where women are given an important role, mostly being protagonist of - dissertation writing Shamsie’s novels. Kamila shamise is no doubt very much well versed at the art of characterization and this is just because of her keen observation of the women of her society . Her women are presented with entire new look .Her ladies are very much active and energetic. Benefits Curricular Activities Essay? As we see in Burnt shadows Hiroko is found as very strong lady with plenty of positivity and huge boldness .She faces every hardship with the - dissertation writing fellowship, same strength and courage , at no place she is benefits essay found ready to give up. Of Term Paper Page? In this way Kamila shamise has proved her excellence as a genius feminist writer. 2.5 Feministic Perspective in Burnt Shadows. Burnt shadows are excellently written by benefits of co curricular activities Kamila Shamise. She depicts an unmatchable panoramic vision of later half of 20th century .The story begins with the horrifying picture of atomic bomb dropping in Nagasaki and its worst impacts and damage on ashland university - dissertation writing fellowship, the protagonist character of this novel .No doubt Kamaila shamise is an outstanding writer, she earned lot of fame especially for benefits activities essay, writing worth reading novels .In the same way Burnt Shadows bears excellence.

Munro’s characters are very much realistic and original .In comparison to her male characters her female characters are more active and worth appreciating .In Burnt shadows women characters are presented as very much progressive adapetative and realistic .Her females are more strong and they bears very strong moral and ethical characters and emotional strength than the good, male characters of the novel. The female characters are presented and painted in such a way that it remains quite easy for any reader to believe on them that these type of women characters can really exist in real life. The Novel Burnt Shadows is of co a story about its major character Hiroko Tania .Her character is very much original and real enough to believe in good hook for persuasive essays .Her character is of co curricular activities essay flexible and who always believe in essay topics revolutionary keep on benefits of co curricular activities, moving ahead, this s because of her positivity that despite of the paper page, occurrence of of co essay huge tragic incident like the dropping of atomic bomb and facing the disaster caused by it digesting the worst damage gifted by blank resume 1 it .But she gives her life another chance that she moves to India and accepts Sajjid’s love and marries him but her sufferings seems un end able as she has to leave Delhi coz of chaos and of co curricular activities essay anarchy caused by Pak-India partition, later she loses her son Raza and writing fellowship moves to New York .If we see and analyze the character of Elizabeth ,her character is also realistic which symbolically represents all the women victim in essay the male dominated society. She is a common wife living under the complete dominance and working under the finger tips of her husband James Burton. She is very much sad and revolutionary gloomy deep inside but even though she fulfills all the activities, due duties responsibilities of a wife very well. She never demands or complaint for blank resume 1, equality rather always tries to present herself a happy aristocratic modern wife. Chapter 3 3.1 Research Question Q1: Kamila Shamise an benefits essay, eminent female Pakistani writer has depicted some secondary female characters as inactive feminist .Justify? Q2: How much it is true that, Kamila Shamise has presented two sides of rotc one coin by presenting some of women character as less or anti-feminist ‘like Elizabeth Burton and some as active feminist like Hiroko? Justification to the study: Active Feminist VS Anti-Feminist. Kamila shamise has presented the image of women very positive clear, conclusive confident, decisive, specific affirmative .In her writings women is essay always given an important role, especial place.

A burnt shadow is very much feminist texts which explore the resume example, feminine psyche of the women characters. Hiroko, who is the protagonist character her very psyche, is benefits essay depicted very well by the novelist throughout the novel. Rotc Resume? Though she faces number of tragedies throughout her life but even then she remains positive and optimist No where she is observed as spreading negativity .As a individual she is a strong character and firm believer of benefits of co curricular essay Feminism. She at no cost considers herself inferior in terms of sex or gender .neither she wants other women to consider their self as low or less important creature. On other hand, Elizabeth Burton who is apparently introduced as modern aristocrat wife living quite happily with her husband but actually its wise versa .She acts to look happy under the dominance of on talent her conservative and of co activities essay narrow-minded husband But in reality she remains unhappy and gloomy deep inside .she curse her such condition inside her heart but never dares rather never wants to share her problems with other not even Hiroko. But when Hiroko with her intelligence notice it she tries to convince Elizabeth being an active Feminist but she rejects her sympathies by giving the proof loyalty with her husband .Her husband is very narrow minded person .In this way Shamise has presented two contrasting aspects of feminism by depicting some characters as Active Feminist some anti- Feminist . 4.1 Feminism in Burnt Shadows in blank resume 1 the light of textual references. Burnt shadows can b easily called a feminist novel as it presents psycho analysis of women’s experiences throughout their lives .The female characters of of co curricular activities this novel are portrayed as bold optimist. They fall but they get up, again they fall but they again get up with same strength and same strong will power and university - dissertation fellowship courage .we see at many places women characters encounters many hardships and of co essay sufferings but they face those situations with huge confidence and courage .The Female characters of burnt shadows are self reliant, optimist, positive and they bear strong will power which is always unbreakable and immortal even at most difficult times. The novelist has presented a very positive character of women in thesis management in india her writings by depicting women psychology with depth, the novel is about a gril Hirko Tanka she faces so many tragedies caused by some strong reasons. She losses everything which is benefits of co curricular essay dear to her and the bitterness of such feelings always remains unforgettable till her last breath ,but despite of that she never gives up ,always come up with very affirmative behavior.

Kamila shamise has presented the image of women very positive clear ,conclusive confident ,decisive, specific affirmative .In her writings women is always given an important role ,especial place and Burnt shadows are feminist texts which explore the feminine psyche of the women characters. - Dissertation Writing Fellowship? Hiroko, who is the protagonist character in benefits curricular activities Burnt shadows her very psyche, is depicted very well by the novelist throughout the blank resume 1, novel. Curricular Essay? Munro’s writings have presented a very positive image of Pakistani women Hiroko,is the protagonist character in Burnt shadows her very psyche, is depicted very well by the novelist throughout the novel .Novelist has portrayed her characters as bold and thesis on talent very much progressive in society. We see at many places women characters encounters many hardships and sufferings but they face those situations with huge confidence and courage. Female characters of essay burnt shadows are self reliant, optimist, positive and of term they bear strong will power .The novelist has presented the women psychology with depth, the novel talks about so tragedies caused by world wars and its worst effects on the minds of benefits curricular essay so many unlucky survivor who survived but nothing else left for them to live for .The novelist has presented a very positive character of women in this novel. Kamila Shamsie’s novel is indeed depiction of world wars effects and there are many characters in the novel which are presented as a victim as we have the character of Ms.Tanika who keeps on changing her country in thesis in india order to forget bitter past and have mental peace. The whole story revolve around a Japanese young protagonist Hiroko Tania who lives in Nagasaki quite happily along with her family.

Her happiness is doubled with the deep love affair between her and her German fianc?? Konrad weiss with whom she is going to get married very soon .August 9 ,1945 was a very unlucky morning for of co curricular essay, her as Atom Bomb was thrown on her mother land Nagasaki Which brought destructions, deaths, tears,sepration and disasters and it took away every near person and dear things from her .It snatches away her all joys and gifts her tears and rotc example irremovable loss. Hiroko is now the one of the benefits curricular, survivors of Nagasaki bombing which left three crane shaped spot on her back, is now left with only format paper title page one choice to forget everything and benefits of co curricular activities give a new beginning to her life .She does so but her misries seems infinite she keeps on changing homes, cities and countries in ashland university writing the search her identity and place but her untiring journey starts from Nagasaki and ends at New York, with her oldhooh. In these novel women characters are presented as very much positive and believer of activities essay not giving up at any cast as we find such traits in essay topics on the revolutionary war the protagonist character of benefits this novel. She bears strong will power and always remains positive.

She loses everything during the ashland university - dissertation fellowship, dropping of curricular activities atomic bomb in Nagasaki but yet she wants to give her life a new begging and leaves her land and goes to Delhi (INDIA) There she meets and Elizabeth Burton, and her conservative and narrow-minded husband James Burton .Elizabeth is topics on the revolutionary war found victim as she lives under the complete dominance and influence of her husband but she faces everything quietly .when James come to know that Hiroko as come all alone to Delhi He passes negative remakes about her journey. James bears a negative mind with lot of benefits curricular activities essay negative thoughts. He seems having a very less respect for women rather he consider women as a inferior sex in every respect and in every regards Elizabeth is ashland writing also found very typical wife , she always seems in of co curricular activities position of ‘YES boss”futher it can be easily understood from these lines taken from novel Burnt shadows: ‘So much for those demure Japanese women of all the on talent, stories she’d heard. Of Co Curricular? Here was one who would squeeze the university writing fellowship, sun in her fist if she ever got the chance; yes, and tilt her head back to swallow its liquid light. At what point, Elizabeth wondered, had she started to believe there was virtue in benefits of co activities living a constrained life? She clicked her heels against the floor in impatience at herself. Virtue really had nothing to topics war do with it’ Elizabeth is found as a sitting duck and victim as she keeps on accepting all the indifferences and injustices gifted by her husband .Apparently she tries to presents herself as a modern aristocratic lady who all the activities, time shows her due concerns and sincerities for her husband for resume example, her Husband James Burton . Kim ,the granddaughter of benefits of co curricular essay Hiroko also bears a passive characters she lacks the power of decision making and boldness.Symbolcially these both female characters shows women as a victim in English society.Elzibeth is found inactive and reluctant to raise her voice against the violence and oppressions faced by her .She seems to consider hardships and happenings as her destiny .When Hiroko meets her ,and comes to know about her domestic problems she tries hard to get her ride with her on the same boat but it seems useless.

Though later she accepts her ideology about the existence and importance being women but still remains reluctant to practically act on her suggestions. This novel is of term paper page often called as global as in one story we see the culture, civilization of many different countries like Japan, Germany, Britain, Afghanistan, Pakistan America. Curricular Essay? Her characters keeps on essay topics on the, moving from one place to other often to forget bitter past or to benefits curricular activities essay get better future or get mental peace. Rotc? But they seems fail to get what they really want in the way they really wanted. At many places we find Hiroko goes under the benefits of co curricular essay, affect of Nostalgia, though she remains very progressive and flexible, when ever she leaves any country to move to other she soon maintains herself accordingly. But the bitter memory of her personal and ashland fellowship tragedical loss always remains with her. She expresses her feelings with her friend Elizabeth in this way as she says: ‘Do you see those flowers on the hillside Ilse? I want to know their names in Japanese. I want to hear Japanese’I want to look like the people around me’I want the doors to slide open instead of swinging open.

I want all those things that never meant anything, that still wouldn’t mean anything if I hadn’t lost them. You see, I know that. I know that but it doesn’t stop me from wanting them’ Her tone expresses her deep love for benefits of co activities essay, her mother land .Her love for her country seems increasing with time She seems gloomy deep inside but still she never thinks to give up, Despite of those unforgettable bitter past memories but yet she believes on moving ahead. Thesis On Talent? When she moves to America in later years of her life she remains eager to learn English language and maintains her spirit of learning new things with new morning. Hroko is found a firm believer of feminism .she never accepts social sexual indifferences neither for benefits of co curricular activities, herself nor for thesis management in india, others.Shamise’s heroine is very much realistic ho never turns her face away from the realities of her life .She faces them all alone with a huge belief on herself .She never consider herself as helpless, always remains active, bold and ties to find mental peace and keeps on struggling to of co curricular essay build her own identity. Blank Resume 1? Without any doubt Shamsie has painted all the colures and feminist traits in her character. Benefits Curricular? Her character seems very much inspiring for other girls of her time own today’s time as well to blank resume 1 follow copy the level of her boldness and intensity of her will power.In the same way at many places the traces of benefits of co curricular essay feminism can be found.

To sum up the above mentioned discussion Burnt shadows no doubt is the feminist study where the novelist has presented the very feminine psyche of thesis women characters in her novel .Keeping in view all the above mentioned texts Burnt shadows can easily called a Feminist novel .Novelist has presented her female character as very positive and very much optimist who despite the occurrence of great tragedies they face all problem, hardships sufferings and miseries with huge brevity and lot of of co activities confidence .As we see Hiroko who loses her house ,her near ones ,her fianc?? and her mother city Nagasaki. But still remains steadfast firm and essay topics on the revolutionary war hopeful. She never thinks to give up .Her strong will power helps to activities essay keep on moving further in her life .She changes many places, cites and countries but till the essay topics on the revolutionary, end her fight with her own sufferings till end but never give up .This novel gives us a positive teachings, huge optimism courage and strong will power which are very much important for any women to face all kinds of problems. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom English Literature essay, dissertation or piece of of co curricular coursework that answers your exact question?

There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is management in india qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised English Literature work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This English Literature essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in curricular activities essay your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Feminism and ‘Burnt Shadows’ by Kamaila Shamsie . Format Of Term Paper? Available from: [05-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 28-05-17 - Things Fall Apart Novel Analysis 15-05-17 - Every Trip Is A Quest 21-12-16 - Identity in Modern American Literature 13-11-16 - Abdul-Rahman Munif 05-11-16 - The Period of Maturity - The formation of an imagined community in Cities of Salt. - The Other Side of of co activities essay Silence 04-11-16 - “The False Moon” by Shirley Golden - Barker, Waters and Morrison – history in essay topics revolutionary their writing - ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF ARABIC NOVEL. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.

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How to Be a Successful Ghostwriter. I can still remember the first time I saw my byline in print. After years of writing articles, essays and short stories, I’d finally sold oneand had the magazine to prove it. When I started writing books, the thrill was even bigger. I dreamt of the day when I’d fill an entire bookshelf with books with my name on them. I never considered ghostwriting.

Why would I spend months of my life toiling away on benefits curricular activities essay, someone else’s book? No thanks. I only wanted to write my own books, and essay on the war that’s what I did. I soon found, however, that the life of a book author wasn’t quite what I’d envisioned. I was working long hours, yet making less money than I had before, when I was writing only articles. The reason was simplethe time I spent promoting my books left me less time for my other writing projects, which cut into my income. Then, I had the good fortune of being approached by a nutrition expert about co-authoring her book. Essay! I found I enjoyed collaborating with her, but the real payoff came when we finished the manuscript. Of Term Title! As the curricular essay lead author, she now had to start promoting itbut I was all done! That was enough for me. I decided to pursue co-authoring and ashland university - dissertation writing fellowship ghostwriting, and “my” next book was ghostwritten for a client. (Typically a “co-author” is identified on the cover, while a “ghostwriter” is never named or identified.) Today, most of my books are published under my clients’ namesand I’m making as much money working part-time hours as I did as a full-time freelancer.

You probably know that many celebrities and politicians use ghostwriters to pen their books. What you might not know is that most authors who hire ghostwriters aren’t big egos or household names. Instead, they’re professionals (think physicians, attorneys, financial advisers) who want to publish books to attract clients and establish themselves as experts in their fieldbut who lack the time and/or ability to actually write the manuscripts. They’re willing to pay, and of co curricular often pay well, to get “their” books in print. In the last couple of rotc resume example years, my ghosting projects have paid: $20,000 for a 60,000-word health book. $15,000 for a 40,000-word business book.

$12,000 for a 55,000-word memoir (The book had been written but needed reworking.) $25,000 for an 80,000-word nutrition/fitness book of which my client wrote about one-third of the manuscript and I wrote the benefits activities rest. These numbers may not be huge, but remember that I’m being paid to write the book, not promote it as well. Once it’s completed, which typically takes four to six months, I’m done. I can ghostwrite two or three books a year in addition to writing my own books and articles, which makes for a comfortable income. An informal survey of other writers reveals similar fees. One established ghostwriter averages $15,00025,000 for books of 50,00075,000 words. Another just made $12,000 for format page, a 30,000-word book. A third was paid $22,500 for a 65,000-word book, while another very successful collaborator typically makes $30,00050,000 per book. So it’s not surprising that smart book authors are adding ghostwriting to curricular essay their repertoires. “I ghostwrite for a number of example reasons, not the least of which is the steady stream of revenue,” Marcia Layton Turner says. “I [also] find that, in most cases, ghostwriting is easier than authoring a book myself, because there is less research to be done: The client/author is generally responsible for providing background material or for pointing me in benefits curricular, the right direction. In the end, the hourly rate I can earn by ghostwriting is typically higher than with some other types of thesis on talent management writing work.”

And despite the curricular essay perception of the writer toiling away in his lonely garret, many ghosts enjoy working as a team. Format Of Term Paper! “Writing tends to be such a solitary endeavor that ghostwriting allows me to collaborate with someone else and benefits of co essay help them to bring their book dreams to fruition,” Melanie Votaw says. “I also learn a great deal about on the war, subjects I would otherwise know nothing about.” As I hinted at earlier, another plus to ghosting, especially today, is benefits of co activities essay that you needn’t worry about the size of topics on the your platform, or your ability to benefits curricular activities essay sell a book once it’s published. Thesis On Talent! If your client is benefits of co pitching a traditional publisher, only his platform mattersbecause as the author, he’ll be the university - dissertation one selling the title. Want to know more about this lucrative field? Read on for a closer look at the skills you need to succeed as a ghostwriterand at how to break in.

You’ll also learn how to market those skills, what to ask potential clients, how to set fees and benefits how to develop an efficient process for completing each project successfully. The first key to success as a ghostwriter is resume a clear understanding of of co curricular essay your role in the process. Whether you get cover credit or not, you’re writing someone else’s book. - Dissertation Writing Fellowship! That means being able to collaborate, and to set aside your own ideas about how to benefits essay approach the book if your client disagrees with them. Paper Title! That’s why successful ghostwriters keep their egos in check. You may be writing the words, but the book itself is your client’s. And that means your client has the final say. In addition to a collaborative spirit, you’ll need management skills.

Depending on the project, you may be responsible for conducting interviews and research and keeping your client on benefits curricular activities, schedule, in addition to writing the book itself. And when it comes to revolutionary writing, you must be able to structure and organize material and capture your client’s voice. As a writer, you likely already know something about the of co publishing industry. That experiencewhether you’ve worked with editors before or have already published your own booksis invaluable to you as a ghostwriter. The more you know about publishing, the more you can assist your clients, whether they’re submitting their work or deciding whether to blank resume 1 opt for self-publishing or pursue a traditional publishing contract. Besides celebrities and subject-matter experts, everyday people who want to get books in print but lack time or ability also use ghostwriters in crafting everything from memoirs to novels to how-to guides. Book publishers, book packagers (see Page 25), literary agents and corporations also occasionally hire ghosts for specific projects, though they look for activities essay, experienced ones. You basically have two ways of getting ghosting work. The first is to search for posted gigs and blank resume 1 go after them. Check sites like Craigslist (, and for listings of benefits of co curricular essay possible ghostwriting and co-authoring opportunities.

The second is to proactively spread the university writing word that you’re a ghostwriter to of co activities essay potential clients. Make sure your website and blog specify that you ghostwrite. Mention it in essay war, your e-mail signature. Curricular Activities Essay! You might also consider subscribing to a service like Publishers Marketplace (, $20/month), where you can promote your services and stay up-to-date on blank resume 1, publishing news. Consider your expertise when marketing yourself to potential clients. Curricular Essay! For instance, I specialize in writing about health, fitness and nutrition, and almost all of my ghosting work is for professionals in blank resume 1, those areas. The idea is to of co essay start with what you know and in india let editors, story sources and benefits of co activities essay colleagues know you’ve added ghostwriting to your repertoire. I’ve found the best way to blank resume 1 approach potential clients is with a letter of introduction, or LOI, describing your qualifications. While it helps to have published at least one book before you start ghosting for others, any experience writing and of co curricular activities publishing articles and other shorter pieces can help you pump up your résumé to appeal to prospective clients. How you work with a particular client depends on the project, budget and time frame.

For example, you may interview your client and write the book from scratch, relying on your notes; your client may write some of the book while you write the rest; or your client may provide you with background material that you use as a starting point. It depends on how much work your client has already done (and is willing to do) and how he prefers to thesis management work with you. That’s why before you take on a project, you should know what the client’s expectations areand exactly what you’ll be responsible for. “It’s important to know how the information will be given to mei.e., written notes, interviews or a mixture of the two,” Votaw says. “Interviews take more time, so the curricular activities cost to essay on the war the client will be higher in curricular activities, that case. I also like to revolutionary be given a title or two that are similar to the tone and style the client wants.” Some clients (like book publishers and agents) will already have a set fee in mind for a project; others will ask you to make a bid. Benefits Of Co Curricular Activities! Make sure you know what’s expected of you, how you’ll be working and how long the book will be before you quote a fee. (See the sidebar at right for a list of questions to ask.)

When it comes to revolutionary how you charge, there are three basic waysby the hour; by benefits of co curricular activities, the word or page (e.g., $10/page or $0.25/word); or by blank resume 1, the project. Most ghostwriting clients prefer to pay a flat fee for the entire project, which is a big reason you need to know what you’re committing to before you say yes. What you’ll charge depends on your experience, but an informal 2010 poll found that ghosts were averaging between $10,000 and $50,000 for benefits activities, both fiction and nonfiction books of 50,00070,000 words. Most charged between $5,000 and $10,000 to hook for persuasive write a book proposal. As a ghost, you’re in a unique position. You’re not a literary agent, but you may give your client publishing advice, such as whether to pitch to benefits of co curricular activities traditional publishers or choose the self-publishing route. That’s fineas long as your client understands that you’re a writer, not an of term agent or a publisher, and you can’t guarantee, for example, that a literary agent will agree to represent a particular client, or that a publisher will acquire a book. I always explain this up front so my client doesn’t have any unrealistic expectations. Before you start work, both you and your client should sign a written agreement (and you’d be well-advised to seek legal counsel in creating or evaluating a contract). At a minimum, it should include a description of the work you’ll be doing (the more specific, the curricular activities better); how much and when you’ll be paid (e.g., in certain amounts throughout the duration of the project); your deadline; and essay on the revolutionary who will own the benefits essay copyright to the book (almost always the client). You may also want to include elements like:

THE DIVISION OF LABOR. Who is responsible for doing what? Will your client provide you with notes, data, research or other materials, and if so, by when? Will you write chapters and resume then send them to your client for her review? INDEMNIFICATION PROVISIONS. An indemnification clause puts the burden of essay any lawsuits or claims on someone else.

As a ghostwriter, you should be indemnified from any libelous or plagiarized material your client provides. COVER CREDITOR NOT. Are you truly working as a ghostwriter, or as a co-author? For the latter, you should get cover credit. TERMINATION PROVISIONS. What happens if one of you wants to back out before the thesis on talent management in india book or project. EXPENSES AND HOW THEY’LL BE SHARED. What if you have to travel to meet with the benefits curricular client in person?

Who will pay for that? Who is writing fellowship responsible for other expenses? A CONFIDENTIALITY CLAUSE. Many clients will ask for essay, a nondisclosure agreement. With signed contract in hand, you’re ready to get to work. If your client hasn’t created an outline already, that’s your first step. Thesis On Talent Management! Once she approves it, you’ll start researching and writing the book itself. How you proceed depends on the project and the client. Benefits Curricular! “In most cases, especially if we’re starting from scratch, I have found that the client prefers as much face time with me as possible as we ‘talk out’ their story and get it on tape or paper,” says Ed Robertson, a ghostwriter and thesis on talent in india collaborative writer. Benefits Essay! “Once the story is ‘out of their head,’ so to speak, and I start the example ‘sitting down and writing’ part, follow-up correspondence via phone or e-mail is usually sufficient.” But everyone is different. Benefits Of Co Curricular Activities Essay! I usually don’t meet my ghostwriting clients in topics on the, person. Benefits Of Co Activities Essay! We speak by phone, and then work through e-mail.

I ask my client for his thoughts about the upcoming chapter, do any necessary research, and resume then send the chapter to of co curricular my client for his review. The Track Changes function in Microsoft Word enables me to review the client’s edits or comments when he returns it to essay me. “TK,” a publishing term that means “to come,” can be another timesaver. When I have a question in the textsay I need more information from the client, or want him to confirm that I’ve described something correctlyI put a “TK” there. That’s an easy way to draw attention to the relevant section, and I instruct clients to do the of co activities essay same thing with edits they want me to double-check.

You then can use your word processor’s Find function to search for of term paper title page, “TK” and activities essay locate all the of term unresolved issues at once. Work with your client to develop a process that works well for both of you. Once you begin writing, you’ll need to work hard on capturing the client’s voice. Of Co Curricular Activities! You have your own style as a writer, but as a ghost, your book should sound like your client wrote it, not you. “I see myself as the vessel through which the author or expert tells his or her story in thesis on talent management, the way they would like it told,” Robertson says. “For me, that begins and ends with listening.” As you listen, note the words and phrases your client uses frequently.

Does he speak in short, abrupt sentences or longer, more complex ones? Does he pepper his speech with industry jargon or tell “war stories”? If your client provides you with written material, use that as a guide as well. Your relationship with your client is of co activities integral to blank resume 1 the success of the project. I suggest you have your client approve chapters as you write them. If he requests minor changes, you can simply make them and curricular activities essay move on.

If the on talent management client wants substantial or numerous changes, however, I suggest scheduling a phone conference to discuss them. That will let you talk about what isn’t working for him, and discuss how to benefits of co curricular activities essay change and improve it. What happens if your client is unhappy with much of what you’ve written or wants to good sentences essays take a different approach? “How I handle it depends entirely on the seriousness of the disagreement,” Votaw says. Of Co! “I have occasionally cautioned clients against using certain ideas, structures or styles, but it’s always ultimately the client’s decision.” Once all of the chapters are completed (or the sections of the ashland university fellowship book proposal are written) and approved, create one “master” document that includes everythingthe final draftand send it to your client for one last review. After she signs off on the manuscript and benefits of co activities sends your last check, you’re doneunless you’re working with a traditional publisher. Then you’ll likely stay on sentences for persuasive, board to handle any edits until the editor and client sign off. And then, when the book is published, your client’s real work as an author begins. But as a ghostwriter, your work is completewhich frees you up to start on your next writing project. Not sure how to get your ghostwriting career started?

Consider: 4 thoughts on “ How to Be a Successful Ghostwriter ” Thanks for writing this. I am just starting to freelance and this has some good detailed and useful information about activities essay, ghostwriting. Bookmarked! This is exceptionally instructive substance and composed well for a change.

It’s pleasant to see that a few individuals still see how to compose a quality post! Model and Actress Rachel Khan. Your article is inspiring, now I want to become a successful ghostwriter. Really enjoyed the article and of term paper title page wondered if you would not mind if I linked to in a new Ebook I am coming out with “100 Alternatives to College”.