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Case study | Figure 1 Supply Chain Alignment EMEALA pdf 4 Кб
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Supply Chain Management Case Studies
VisualAge Pacbase z/OS, CICS 3.5 Y05C (CSD) F. Liste des améliorations de la version VisualAge Pacbase z/OS, CICS 3.5 Y05C (CSD) VISUALAGE PACBASE z/OS CICS 3.5 Y05C (CSD) de réorganisation tant sur la base d'administration. (ROAD) que sur les bases de développement (REOR). La réorganisation doit précéder l'installation. du modèle (D08XMET et I05META). UKD1 : paramétrage de l'exécution en concurrence.
du TP pour la plateforme z/OS CICS via EXCI (C:031009) Ajout d'une option OPT, qui permet de sélectionner. le type de mise à jour à effectuer : . Cases. OPT=0, pour lancer la procédure BVPUPGP. les fichiers de la base d'Administration doivent être. . Editing Papers. OPT=1, pour lancer la procédure BVPUPGA. les fichiers de la base d'Administration restent ouverts. composé exclusivement des mouvements de la base. d'Administration au format PAF (fichier GY). . Chain Management Study Cases. YES : mise à jour TP (valeur par défaut) . Editing Papers. NO ou autre : pas de mise à jour TP.
- 2ème paramètre : ****, code de la base d'administration. - 3ème paramètre : nom APPLID du CICS. - 4ème paramètre : BVP, préfixe des programmes TP. UKD1 : paramétrage de l'exécution en concurrence. du TP pour la plateforme z/OS CICS via EXCI (C:031009) Ajout d'une option OPT, qui permet de sélectionner. le type de mise à jour à effectuer : . Study. OPT=0, pour lancer la procédure BVPUPGP.
les fichiers de la base d'Administration doivent être. . Titles. OPT=1, pour lancer la procédure BVPUPGA. les fichiers de la base d'Administration restent ouverts. composé exclusivement des mouvements de la base. d'Administration au format PAF (fichier GY).
. Supply. YES : mise à jour TP (valeur par défaut) . Essay Shakespeare And Juliet. NO ou autre : pas de mise à jour TP. - 2ème paramètre : ****, code de la base d'administration. - 3ème paramètre : nom APPLID du CICS. - 4ème paramètre : BVP, préfixe des programmes TP. GPMC : Emission d'un code retour 8, si erreur sur. le traitement de l'opérateur MCI (C:030990) Le code retour du programme UTIMCI est positionné à 8 si. une source ou une cible saisie dans une commande MCI ne.
correspond à aucune zone working. Nouvelle syntaxe disponible pour opérateurs. SCO et SRO pour la cible DB2 z/OS (C:031011) Nouvelle syntaxe disponible pour opérateurs. SCO et SRO pour la cible DB2 z/OS.
EXEC SQL COMMIT END-EXEC. EXEC SQL ROLLBACK END-EXEC. en saisissant *Q2 dans l'opérande pour les opérateurs. NB : Il est toujours possible d'utiliser l'ancienne syntaxe. avec un code bloc base de données dans l'opérande.
car la génération est dépendante de l'organisation saisie. dans le -CD ou -CS. Prise en compte du multi-row pour DB2. Prise en compte du multi row pour DB2. les générateurs VA Pacbase.
Pacbase Access Facility. La table MECRUB renvoie désormais les infos liées. La table MECRUB renverra désormais les informations. liées à la rubrique (longueur, format et libellé). Ceci est vrai aussi pour la table MEERUB (méta extension). Seule restriction, pour les rubriques du dictionnaire. (non issues de la méta ou de sa construction), le libellé ainsi que le format ne sont pas renseignés car ils ne.
sont pas dans la donnée. Supply Chain Management Cases. Par contre, on written software meaning, aura toujours. la longueur de la rubrique, seule info impérative pour. les tables MECRUB et MEERUB. BVPTUBAS : Changement de valeur du Code Retour. lorsque la base est indisponible. Supply Management. (C:030379) Le RETURN-CODE est valorisé à 12 au lieu de 4 lorsque la. base est indisponible. GPMC : Emission d'un code retour 8, si erreur sur. le traitement de l'opérateur MCI (C:030990)
Le code retour du programme UTIMCI est positionné à 8 si. une source ou une cible saisie dans une commande MCI ne. correspond à aucune zone working. UKD1 : paramétrage de l'exécution en concurrence. du TP pour la plateforme z/OS CICS via EXCI (C:031009) Ajout d'une option OPT, qui permet de sélectionner.
le type de mise à jour à effectuer : . UTA Admission. OPT=0, pour lancer la procédure BVPUPGP. les fichiers de la base d'Administration doivent être. . Management Study Cases. OPT=1, pour lancer la procédure BVPUPGA. les fichiers de la base d'Administration restent ouverts. composé exclusivement des mouvements de la base.
d'Administration au format PAF (fichier GY). . UTA Admission. YES : mise à jour TP (valeur par défaut) . Management Cases. NO ou autre : pas de mise à jour TP. - 2ème paramètre : ****, code de la base d'administration. - 3ème paramètre : nom APPLID du CICS. - 4ème paramètre : BVP, préfixe des programmes TP. Délivrer un programme PACCST utilisable en LINK. Le programme BVPACCST, prévu pour être appelé en CALL.
statique, continue d'être livré sous la racine SMP/E. HBVP350 pour raison de compatibilité avec DSMS et Pactable. programmes de Va Pacbase sous la fonction SMP/E JBVP351. Il est identique au BVPACCST sauf qu'il est prévu pour un. appel dynamique par le programme BVPACDTP utilisé dans la. Mise en oeuvre de l'Interface Sécurité TopSecret. Mise en oeuvre de l'Interface Sécurité TopSecret pour.
VisualAge Pacbase, DSMS et Pactables. En TP, utilisation de l'API standard de CICS. BVPRACF au lieu de BVPTSSC afin de bénéficier des EXEC-CICS. Nouvelle syntaxe disponible pour opérateurs. SCO et SRO pour la cible DB2 z/OS (C:031011) Nouvelle syntaxe disponible pour opérateurs. SCO et SRO pour la cible DB2 z/OS. EXEC SQL COMMIT END-EXEC. EXEC SQL ROLLBACK END-EXEC.
en saisissant *Q2 dans l'opérande pour les opérateurs. NB : Il est toujours possible d'utiliser l'ancienne syntaxe. avec un code bloc base de données dans l'opérande. car la génération est dépendante de l'organisation saisie. dans le -CD ou -CS.
Prise en compte du multi-row pour DB2. Prise en compte du multi row pour DB2. les générateurs VA Pacbase. ACTI : troncature du paramètre DSMS. Procédure ACTI : dans le rapport généré, les derniers. Ceci est désormais corrigé. ACTI : les résultats sont désormais corrects.
Le résultat de la procédure ACTI est désormais correct. pour le paramètre MVUT. Administration : La publication des profils. tient compte des droits attachés à ceux-ci. Essay. (C:031152) La publication d'un profil intègre dorénavant les droits. portés par ce profil. Remplacement des buffers AMP par des buffers Batch. LSR dans les procédures BVPUTKD0 et BVPUKD1. Cases. (C:031525) Dans les procédures BVPUTKD0 BVPUKD1 - les buffers qui. jusque-là pouvaient être de type Batch LSR et AMP, sont. tous désormais de type Batch LSR.
Lors de la duplication de programme sous Developer. Workbench, le conditionnement n'est plus tronqué (C:031299) Lors de la duplication de programme sous ADWorkbench, le conditionnement n'est plus tronqué. Génération d'un programme de nature 'S' avec. option de numérotation et cadrage cobol (C:031313) Génération d'un programme de nature 'S' avec option de.
numérotation et cadrage cobol. Toutes les lignes du -9 apparaissent désormais dans le. Anomalie génération batch pour opérateur. U07 (effet de bord du C27735) (C:031347) Anomalie génération batch pour opérateur. U07 (effet de bord du C27735) Désormais les lignes issues d'un opérateur U07 avec un D. en 1ère colonne (mode debugging) sont correctement. Problème génération batch pour ORACLE dans le. Problème génération batch pour ORACLE dans le. Effet de bord du C 29283.
Désormais, les lignes de type 'V' d'un -GG de segment. GCP : La limite du nombre d'ordres SQL sur. une même SD dans un même flot passe de 500 à 1000 (C:031449) GCP : La limite du nombre d'ordres SQL sur. une même SD dans un même flot passe de 500 à 1000. NB : cette limite sera signalée dans la doc. Génération des lignes -9 pour un programme en. Génération d'un segment DB2 en -W (ligne de type.
'F', ORG : '2' suivant une ligne de type 'B') (C:031797) Génération d'un segment DB2 en -W (ligne de type. 'F', ORG : '2' suivant une ligne de type 'B') - Génération correcte des rubriques au format Large Object. - Rubriques dates redéfinies et décomposées si le bloc. saisi sur la ligne de type B a l'option DESCR=ALL. en complément de l'option BREAKDATE=YES sur le -GO du. programme ou de la bibliothèque. La ligne -W vient modifier la ligne d'un -CE de. La ligne -W vient modifier la ligne d'un -CE de.
La ligne -W vient désormais modifier la ligne d'un -CE. dans un autre segment. C'est un effet de bord des améliorations 30231 et 30613. diffusées depuis la CSD 3.5 Y04B. Définition de la cible 'TX Series' Target TX Series. 6000' est renommée 'TXSeries - CICS' et permet désormais. de générer en variantes X0, X2, X5, XC (comme la cible.
GGS : Ecriture de la donnée si la longueur. se confond avec celle d'un enregistrement (C:031426) GGS : Ecriture de la donnée si la longueur se confond avec. celle d'un enregistrement. NonStop SQL : génération des ordres SQL pour les. rubriques de type DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP. Architecture Thesis. (C:031550) NonStop SQL : génération des ordres SQL pour les rubriques. de type DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP.
Certaines lignes générées contenaient 'xxxTYPE AS . Chain Management Study Cases. '. La syntaxe 'xxx TYPE AS . Oppression Essay. ' est désormais générée. Moniteur de comm. Study. et gest. Essay. de dossier : le numéro. enreg. Chain Management Study. dans le fichier de travail peut être 999 (C:031801) Modèle Client-Serveur 2.5 : Mise en forme du message pour. Le moniteur de communication et le gestionnaire de dossiers. gèrent des enregistrements dont le numéro est supérieur à La zone GD00-LNGDSP picture S9(5) pouvait être en. dépassement de capacité dans le serveur de dossier (C:031830)
Modèle Client-Serveur 2.5 : La zone GD00-LNGDSP définie en picture S9(5) pouvait être en. dépassement de capacité dans le serveur de dossier. Shakespeare Romeo And Juliet. Elle est. Initialisation de la zone release dans constantes. Initialisation de la zone release dans les constantes. PACBASE pour les générateurs dial. Supply Chain Cases. et C/S. NonStop SQL : génération des ordres SQL pour les. rubriques de type DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP. Essay About Shakespeare Romeo And Juliet. (C:031550) NonStop SQL : génération des ordres SQL pour les rubriques. de type DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP. Certaines lignes générées contenaient 'xxxTYPE AS . Supply Chain Management Cases. '.
La syntaxe 'xxx TYPE AS . Oceanarium Architecture Thesis. ' est désormais générée. Lors de l'annulation d'un -DRnnn de type 'A' toutes les lignes du -K sont supprimées. Supply Management. (C:031335) Lors de l'annulation d'un descriptif de base relationnelle. de type 'A' (ALTER TABLE), toutes les lignes dépendantes. (-K) sont également annulées. Oppression Titles. Certaines lignes étaient.
conservées à tort si le -K incluait plus de 8 rubriques. Lignes de ventilation de texte (T . Supply Chain. D, type 'I') contrôle : type d'entité et longueur du code (C:030393) Vérification de la longueur du code entité sur les. lignes de ventilation de choix T. Essay. D (type de ligne 'I') - le type D doit être suivi de 2 caractères. - le type R doit être suivi de 3 caractères. - le type S doit être suivi de 4 caractères. Anomalie gestion index sur modification. du libellé court d'une session historisée (C:031259) Lors de l'historisation de la base, l'utilisateur a la.
possibilité d'indiquer un libellé long et un libellé court. sur la demande. Supply Chain Management Study. Si le libellé court de deux sessions. historisées différentes est identique, le choix LRH ne fait. apparaître à tort que l'une des deux sessions.
Corrigé. Lors de l'annulation d'un -DRnnn de type 'A' toutes les lignes du -K sont supprimées. Programs. (C:031335) Lors de l'annulation d'un descriptif de base relationnelle. de type 'A' (ALTER TABLE), toutes les lignes dépendantes. (-K) sont également annulées. Supply Management Study. Certaines lignes étaient. conservées à tort si le -K incluait plus de 8 rubriques. Tables DBDDS*GEN et DBDDS*DOC : le type du bloc. Tables DBDDS*GEN et DBDDS*DOC : le type du bloc. Mise à jour d'un appel de Format Guide en session. historisée dans un -GC de Data Structure. About Shakespeare Romeo And Juliet. (C:031635)
La mise à jour en session historisée des paramètres d'un. format guide dans un -GC de data structure est désormais. Mise à jour d'un format guide sur plusieurs. La mise à jour d'un format guide dans plusieurs. bibliothèques par l'intermédiaire de la procédure. UPDT, ne provoquera plus de dépassement sur la. longueur (erreur 9986E). Journalisation des descriptifs d'entités. La mise à jour des descriptifs d'entités utilisateurs est. précédée de l'écriture d'un mouvement de positionnement.
(code mouvement 'P') de la fiche de définition de l'entité utilisateur correspondante. Chain Management Cases. Ce mouvement ne contient. cependant que l'identifiant long et le code interne calculé La demande de génération massive de manuels est. La demande de génération massive de manuels est. La demande de génération d'un grand nombre de manuels dans. un même passage ne se terminait pas toujours correctement. GCP : La limite du nombre d'ordres SQL sur. une même SD dans un même flot passe de 500 à 1000 (C:031449)
GCP : La limite du nombre d'ordres SQL sur. une même SD dans un même flot passe de 500 à 1000. NB : cette limite sera signalée dans la doc. Génération des lignes -9 pour un programme en. Augmentation du FREESPACE dans l'allocation. Le paramètre FREESPACE sera augmenté pour le fichier BVPLB. pour résoudre les problèmes liés aux SPLIT sur CI ou CA. GCP : génération fichier table avec *XX=00. KO si la structure '00' existe (C:031984) GCP : génération fichier table avec *XX=00. KO si la structure '00' existe.
Si on titles, déclare un fichier en utilisation T ou X dans un -CD, qu'on le renomme 00 (*XX = 00 dans selection), et que le. segment '00' existe dans la base, le segment table est. GCO : lors de la génération d'un écran le compteur. des rubriques d'un segment est erroné (C:031996) GCO : lors de la génération d'un écran le compteur. des rubriques d'un segment ne prend pas en compte. les lignes suite sur rubrique. Génération d'un programme de nature 'S' avec. option de numérotation et cadrage cobol (C:031313) Génération d'un programme de nature 'S' avec option de.
numérotation et cadrage cobol. Toutes les lignes du -9 apparaissent désormais dans le. GCO : remplacement des n dans les niveaux de. traitements spécifiques par 10 pour sous-fonctions (C:031327) Dans le cadre de la génération d'un écran, remplacer les. n dans les niveaux de traitement spécifiques, par '10', au niveau des sous-fonctions. Anomalie génération batch pour opérateur.
U07 (effet de bord du C27735) (C:031347) Anomalie génération batch pour opérateur. U07 (effet de bord du C27735) Désormais les lignes issues d'un opérateur U07 avec un D. en 1ère colonne (mode debugging) sont correctement. GSQ : la prise en compte de l'annulation d'une. dernière colonne est désormais effective (C:031348)
GSQ : lors de la génération d'un bloc de type 'Q2' l'annulation de la dernière colonne est désormais. Ecrans DLI : appel du sous-programme CEETDLI pour. Seule la génération des écrans en IMS appelle le. 'CEETDLI'. Supply Chain Study. La génération des écrans CICS appelle le. GGS : Ecriture de la donnée si la longueur. se confond avec celle d'un enregistrement (C:031426) GGS : Ecriture de la donnée si la longueur se confond avec. celle d'un enregistrement.
NonStop SQL : génération des ordres SQL pour les. rubriques de type DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP. UTA Admission. (C:031524) NonStop SQL : génération des ordres SQL pour les rubriques. de type DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP. Certaines lignes générées contenaient 'xxxTYPE AS . Supply Chain Management. '. La syntaxe 'xxx TYPE AS . Oppression. ' est désormais générée. NonStop SQL : génération des ordres SQL pour les. rubriques de type DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP. Supply Cases. (C:031550) NonStop SQL : génération des ordres SQL pour les rubriques. de type DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP. Certaines lignes générées contenaient 'xxxTYPE AS . Essay Shakespeare And Juliet. '.
La syntaxe 'xxx TYPE AS . Management Cases. ' est désormais générée. Moniteur de comm. Software Meaning. et gest. Supply Chain Management Cases. de dossier : le numéro. enreg. Programs. dans le fichier de travail peut être 999 (C:031801) Modèle Client-Serveur 2.5 : Mise en forme du message pour. Le moniteur de communication et le gestionnaire de dossiers. gèrent des enregistrements dont le numéro est supérieur à La zone GD00-LNGDSP picture S9(5) pouvait être en. dépassement de capacité dans le serveur de dossier (C:031830) Modèle Client-Serveur 2.5 : La zone GD00-LNGDSP définie en picture S9(5) pouvait être en. dépassement de capacité dans le serveur de dossier.
Elle est. Initialisation de la zone release dans constantes. Initialisation de la zone release dans les constantes. PACBASE pour les générateurs dial. Management Study. et C/S. Adaptation des libellés des variantes de.
Adaptation des libellés des variantes de génération. pour z/OS à l'intitulé actuel des compilateurs Cobol. Note : Le fichier AE est à reprendre. Définition de la cible 'TX Series' Target TX Series. 6000' est renommée 'TXSeries - CICS' et permet désormais. de générer en variantes X0, X2, X5, XC (comme la cible. Commande DCS : messages de type 'Warning' lorsque. Commande DCS : messages de type 'Warning' lorsque les. Lorsque les longueurs éditées avec la commande DCS sont.
tronquées, un point d'interrogation (?) apparaît au. niveau de la longueur tronquée correspondante, et un. message de type 'Warning' est édité par la suite. Gestion de la limite du nombre de générations dans. Le nombre de générations est limité dans le suivi des jobs. Le numéro de job pour un utilisateur donné ne peut pas. Quand cette limite est atteinte, il y a inhibition de.
la fonction de suivi de job avec envoi du message: 2998E NOMBRE LIMITE DE SUIVI DE JOBS ATTEINT. Doctorate Programs. REINITIALISER. du fichier de suivi (LB). Blocs SQL Q3: CREATE TABLE sur rubrique dont le. premier caractère du format est un 'T' est correct (C:031992) Blocs SQL Q3: CREATE TABLE sur rubrique dont le. premier caractère du format est un 'T' est correct.
RMEN/UPDT/UPDP : extraire les -GX des -DRnnn, pour. éviter messages et erreurs inutiles. Management Study. (C:031734) rmen/updt/UPDP : extraire les -GX des -DRnnn, pour éviter. les warnings et erreurs inutiles. En cas de recodification d'une structure de donnée, lorsqu'un segment est appelé dans un -DR de bloc base de. donnée, les commentaires (-GX) associés sont également.
extraits. Editing Papers. Ils sont annulés avant les lignes de descriptif. du bloc (-DR) puis récrées après les lignes de descriptif. On ne peut désormais modifier que les Entités. Les mises à jour sur les Métas-Entités doivent être bloquées.
notamment pour Pacdesign et Pacbench si le module Extension. n'a pas été acquis. Supply Chain Study Cases. Cette amélioration fait suite au c28736. où l'on a autorisé de manière très large, les mises à jour. aux Métas-Entités, relations et Entités dans le cas où le.
module Extension n'était pas acquis. Essay. Cette amélioration a. pour but de bloquer les mises à jour sur les Méta-Entités et. Entités utilisateurs qui ne sont pas associées à une Méta. Entité dont le code commence par '.'. Evolutions JCLS d'exemples SMP/E. Les exemples de JCLs SMP/E prévoient les paramètres.
UNIT et VOL pour les allocations de fichiers sur les. sites ne possédant pas SMS. Méta Entité Cliente : ré-affichage description. EU source si duplication vers EU cible différente (C:031076) En cas de duplication de la description d'une Entité Utilisateur cliente, en modifiant l'identifiant. en haut de l'écran, le ré-affichage de l'écran après mise. à jour reste sur l'Entité utilisateur d'origine.
Contrôle du format des rubriques appelées dans la. Contrôle du format des rubriques appelées dans la. description d'une méta-entité Jusqu'à présent, les formats de deux rubriques étaient. considérés identiques si les pictures et usages étaient. On contrôle dorénavant l'égalité du premier caractère. de la picture, de la longueur et de l'usage. Ainsi une picture XXX et une picture X(3) sont considérés.
Bloquer la mise à jour de la méta old en cas. de modification d'un descriptif d'une EU liée (C:031331) Bloquer la mise à jour de la méta old en cas. de modification d'un descriptif d'une EU liée. L'enrichissement d'un descriptif d'EU lié à une méta-entité ancienne provoquait l'apparition du message 'ancienne méta: modification interdite'. Supply Cases. Ceci était du à la mise à jour. simultanée de l'entête de la méta-entité et du descriptif. de l'entité utilisateur. A présent , si la méta-entité est de type old, on editing papers, bloque. la mise à jour de son entête.
Meta-entités: la présence du code de l'EU et de. son libellé devrait être obligatoire par défaut (C:031360) Meta-entités : la présence du code de l'Entité-Utilisateur. et de son libellé, sont obligatoires par défaut. Supply Management Study Cases. Il en est. de même pour l'identifiant des descriptifs de la Méta-entité /YTTDxx : une rubrique reliée à une relation vers. une bibli sera désormais toujours sur 3 caractères (C:031445) /YTTDxx : on written software, prend désormais une longueur de 3. caractères pour la rubrique quand elle est reliée. à une relation vers Bibliothèque (cf.C30145) GCO : remplacement des n dans les niveaux de. traitements spécifiques par 10 pour sous-fonctions (C:031327)
Dans le cadre de la génération d'un écran, remplacer les. n dans les niveaux de traitement spécifiques, par '10', au niveau des sous-fonctions. Ecrans DLI : appel du sous-programme CEETDLI pour. Seule la génération des écrans en IMS appelle le. 'CEETDLI'. Supply Cases. La génération des écrans CICS appelle le. NonStop SQL : génération des ordres SQL pour les. rubriques de type DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP. Essay Shakespeare And Juliet. (C:031524) NonStop SQL : génération des ordres SQL pour les rubriques. de type DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP.
Certaines lignes générées contenaient 'xxxTYPE AS . Chain. '. La syntaxe 'xxx TYPE AS . Custom Meaning. ' est désormais générée. Initialisation de la zone release dans constantes. Initialisation de la zone release dans les constantes. PACBASE pour les générateurs dial. Management Study Cases. et C/S.
GCO : lors de la génération d'un écran le compteur. des rubriques d'un segment est erroné (C:031996) GCO : lors de la génération d'un écran le compteur. des rubriques d'un segment ne prend pas en compte. les lignes suite sur rubrique.
Interface Va Pacbase/DSMS. Contrôles PACBASE-DSMS : prise en compte du type. d'activation si type entité et code entité à blanc (C:031389) Contrôles PACBASE-DSMS : il faut prendre en compte le type. d'activation si le type d'entité et le code entité sont à blanc dans l'écran 'DETAIL DES ELEMENTS CONCERNES' Les contrôles DSMS sont désactivés dans les. Les contrôles DSMS sont désactivés dans les procédures. de reprise.
Si une base est sous contrôle DSMS lors de. sa reprise, ses contrôles sont désactivés. Contrôles PACBASE-DSMS : si type et code 'à blanc' sur le -C du change, l'écran PL est pris en compte (C:031694) Si le DETAIL DES ELEMENTS CONCERNES(-C) d'une amélioration. définie pour un contexte Pacbase (N d'amélioration saisi. sur la mire d'accueil, ou suite au choix NC) contient un. type et un code entité 'à blanc', les contrôles Pacbase-
DSMS sont effectués conformément à l'écran VERROUILLAGE DE. LA BASE (PL) de DSMS. Pacbase Access Facility. Mise à jour documentation PAF concernant les codes. Impact du C30274 pour DAF dans PAF (documentation): remplacement dans le pré-processeur de tous les codes. colonnes CRLE par CRLX et CRLECH par CRLXCH. Concerne toutes les tables RLE.
MEERUB, . UTA Admission. XRLEDEF, . Supply Chain Management Cases. XRLEDSC, . UTA Admission Essay. APE et . Chain Management Cases. XRLEAPE. Recherche du contexte de connexion : la session du. jour viendra désormais du 1er enreg. Oppression Titles. de la base (C:031422) A la recherche du contexte de connexion, la session du. jour viendra désormais du 1er enregistrement de la base. Cette anomalie concerne tous les extracteurs PAF mais ne.
nécessite pas de re-préprocess. L'extraction PAF en vue Z ne ramène plus de double. en l'absence de ligne spécifique en bib inférieure (C:031423) Une extraction PAF en vision Z ne ramène désormais plus. de doubles s'il n'y a pas de lignes spécifiques dans les. et TP pour toutes les tables. Chain Management Cases. Il n'est pas nécessaire de. Tables DBDDS*GEN et DBDDS*DOC : le type du bloc. Tables DBDDS*GEN et DBDDS*DOC : le type du bloc. /YTTDxx : une rubrique reliée à une relation vers. une bibli sera désormais toujours sur 3 caractères (C:031445) /YTTDxx : on architecture thesis, prend désormais une longueur de 3. caractères pour la rubrique quand elle est reliée.
à une relation vers Bibliothèque (cf.C30145) La table SESHIS renvoie désormais le type de la. session et le libellé court est entier en TP (C:031491) La table SESHIS renvoie désormais le type de la. session en batch et en TP. En TP, La zone libellé court n'est plus tronquée. En batch, cela ne concerne que les extractions sur la. En TP, cela concerne toutes les écritures dans le fichier. Table DBDDS*GEN : traitement des codes entités à DBDDS*GEN : si un code entité est à low-value, PAF.
extrait tous les mouvements répondant à la sélection. Un code entité valorisé à 'low-value' dans la sélection. ramène tous les codes de ce type d'entité dont les. mouvements correspondent aux critères de la clause SELECT. La table SEGXDBDDSR extrait les utilisations. du segment dans les blocs relationnels. Supply Management Study. (C:031700)
La table SEGXDBDDSR extrait désormais toutes les. utilisations du segment dans les blocs bases de. données relationnelles. Programs. La modification concerne. le pré-processeur PAF, il est obligatoire de. re-préprocesser tous les programmes PAF contenant. les tables SEGXDBDDSR.
DBDDS*GEN : le numéro de ligne du descriptif est. bien extrait lorsque le format guide est appelé (C:031732) DBDDS*GEN : le numéro de ligne du descriptif est désormais. bien extrait si le commentaire de second niveau appelle. un format guide. (PAFB10 et PAFT10) pour toutes les tables qui contiennent. des commentaires de second niveau. DBDDSR : Désormais, une extraction en vision 'I', extrait bien chaque code bibliothèque d'origine. Supply Chain Management. (C:031753) Table DBDDSR : Désormais, une extraction en vision 'I', extrait bien toutes les bibliothèques d'origine.
Cette amélioration concerne les 2 extracteurs PAF Batch. et TP. Editing Papers. Il n'est pas nécessaire de re-préprocesser. Table DBDDSR : l'extraction est désormais correcte. même si on supply, n'est pas en mode trace. Oppression. (C:031777) Table DBDDSR : l'extraction est désormais correcte. même si on cases, n'est pas en mode trace. Cette anomalie concerne les 2 extracteurs PAF batch. ou TP et ne nécessite pas de re-préprocess. Programme TP PAF en environnement Micro Focus:
Programme TP PAF en environnement Micro Focus : le mode. d'exécution paramétrable par une clause EXEC PAF SET est. forcé implicitement à BATCH. La demande de génération massive de manuels est. La demande de génération massive de manuels est. La demande de génération d'un grand nombre de manuels dans.
un même passage ne se terminait pas toujours correctement. Condition sur /YTTDEF avec conditions combinées. sur code utilisateur dans Plan-Type d'édition. Essay About Shakespeare Romeo. (C:031500) Plan type d'édition (PTED): Une condition sur /YTTDEF avec conditions combinées. sur code utilisateur est désormais correct. Il s'agit du cas d'une extraction sur /YTTDEF avec une. condition sur code entité utilisateur = zone cobol, accompagnée d'une autre condition sur code entité utilisateur différent d'une autre valeur.
PTEX : réinitialisation des critères de tri pour. PTEX : réinitialisation des critères de tri pour. chaque entrée utilisateur. Mod. Supply Management Cases. Pacbench Quality Control. PQC : modifier le programme d'analyse PTUQ20 pour. changer le code colonne OPGSQL en OSQL (APQPGM) (C:031746)
PQC : modifier le programme d'analyse PTUQ20 pour. changer le code colonne OPGSQL en OSQL (APQPGM) + autres ajustements des macros utilisées par PQC. pour alignement avec le dictionnaire. CPSN - Initialisation de bibliothèque. Correction de l'erreur 2516E. Programs. (C:030582)
Dans le cas d'une bibliothèque esclave non initialisée, la procédure CPSN génère désormais un mouvement de mise. à jour de la bibliothèque esclave dans le fichier à destination de la procédure UPDT afin de ne plus avoir. de rejet pour cause de bibliothèque non initialisée dans. CPSN : résolution de différences dans la. comparaison de lignes de -CD de programme (C:030921) CPSN : Résolution d'une fausse différence dans la. comparaison de lignes de -CD de programme. Des différences sont détectées sur une nouvelle zone à usage interne introduite par la version 3.0 de VisualAge. Pacbase (le numéro d'ordre de la SD dans la chaîne). Cette zone est à blanc sur les enregistrements antérieurs. à la version 3.0, sinon elle est initialisée à zéro.
Les enregistrements (-CD des programmes) antérieurs à la. version 3.0 auront leur zone initialisée à zéro par les. extracteurs EXTR et EXLI. La procédure CPSN ne détectera donc plus ces différences. Suppression de verrou technique par EXPJ - UPDP. La procédure UPDP donne la possibilité de supprimer. un verrou technique en mode batch. La procédure EXPJ met en forme le mouvement. ACTI : troncature du paramètre DSMS. Procédure ACTI : dans le rapport généré, les derniers. Ceci est désormais corrigé.
Modification du contrôle de la ligne * de PACX. dans le cadre de la proc. Supply Management Study Cases. TRRP sous contrôle RACF (C:031006) Ce change corrige l'incompatibilité, dans le cadre de la. procédure TRRP, entre la ligne * transmise au PACX qui. comporte un 'T' en colonne 50 et le contrôle effectué au. niveau de l'extracteur PACX qui ne supporte pas la. transmises au programme PACX ne comportent pas de. user/mot de passe puisque ce sont ceux de connexion TSO.
qui sont utilisés dans ce cas. De plus le PACX ne bloque plus sur la présence d'un code. 'T' en colonne 50 indiquant que les mouvements. proviennent de PAC Transfert. Inhibition du contrôle de validité de la base si. simulation avec MLIB (C:031051) Le contrôle de validité de la base effectué sur le. premier enregistrement sera occulté dans le cas d'un MLIB.
avec simulation, afin d'éviter qu'une mise à jour TP. concurrente ne sorte le message ETAT DE LA BASE. Contrôle du format des rubriques appelées dans la. Contrôle du format des rubriques appelées dans la. description d'une méta-entité Jusqu'à présent, les formats de deux rubriques étaient. considérés identiques si les pictures et usages étaient. On contrôle dorénavant l'égalité du premier caractère. de la picture, de la longueur et de l'usage.
Ainsi une picture XXX et une picture X(3) sont considérés. Meta-entités: la présence du code de l'EU et de. son libellé devrait être obligatoire par défaut (C:031360) Meta-entités : la présence du code de l'Entité-Utilisateur. et de son libellé, sont obligatoires par défaut. Custom Written Software Meaning. Il en est. de même pour l'identifiant des descriptifs de la Méta-entité PC25 : modification d'appel de format guide.
quand la partie suite annulée concerne un autre FG (C:031363) PC25 : modification d'appel de format guide quand la. partie suite annulée concerne un autre format guide. Si un appel de format guide est porté par deux. enregistrements (partie 1 et partie suite) en version. 2.5, puis si un autre format guide est appelé sur le.
même numéro de ligne, cela pouvait provoquer une. modification de la partie 1 et une annulation de la. La reprise doit ignorer cette partie suite annulée. ESES, CSES : ajout du code de la base traitée. L'en-tête des états édités par les procédures ESES et CSES.
comporte désormais le code de la base traitée. Journalisation des descriptifs d'entités. La mise à jour des descriptifs d'entités utilisateurs est. précédée de l'écriture d'un mouvement de positionnement. (code mouvement 'P') de la fiche de définition de l'entité utilisateur correspondante.
Ce mouvement ne contient. cependant que l'identifiant long et le code interne calculé EXPU : Purge de l'historique des environnements. de production pour les entités supprimées. Chain Management Study. (C:031486) La procédure EXPU formate des annulations d'enregistrements.
pour les entités qui n'existent plus dans la base. (quelle que soit la session). PC25 : incohérences sur libellés d'état avec. parties suites modifiées en session historisées. Doctorate Programs. (C:031495) PC25 : incohérences sur des libellés d'état dont les. parties suites sont modifiées en session historisées. L'information : 'numéro de libellé : ' est présente. sur la première partie du libellé. si seule une partie suite de ce libellé a été modifiée. dans une session ultérieure, le numéro de libellé à attribuer doit provenir de la dernière session courante. qui contient la première partie.
Si la partie 1 du libellé dans une session historisée. est annulée, et si une seule partie suite de ce libellé a été modifiée dans une session ultérieure, alors le. code mouvement à attribuer doit provenir de la dernière. session courante contenant une partie 1. Remplacement des buffers AMP par des buffers Batch. LSR dans les procédures BVPUTKD0 et BVPUKD1. Management Cases. (C:031525) Dans les procédures BVPUTKD0 BVPUKD1 - les buffers qui. jusque-là pouvaient être de type Batch LSR et AMP, sont. tous désormais de type Batch LSR. La modification de l'option 'DISPATCH' est.
opérationnelle dans les procédures de restauration (C:031651) La modification de l'option 'DISPATCH' est opérationnelle. dans les procédures de restauration. La position de l'option dans la ligne de type 'Y' en entrée. de la restauration (REST, RESY) est désormais conforme à la description des entrées utilisateur dans le manuel des.
procédures de l'Administrateur. Mise à jour d'un format guide sur plusieurs. La mise à jour d'un format guide dans plusieurs. bibliothèques par l'intermédiaire de la procédure. UPDT, ne provoquera plus de dépassement sur la. longueur (erreur 9986E). RMEN : prise en compte des clés de plus de huit. rubriques dans un -DR de bloc base de données. Architecture Thesis. (C:031712) RMEN : prise en compte des clés de plus de huit. rubriques dans un -DR de bloc base de données. Une erreur de codification survient si l'on ne prend.
pas en compte les clés de plus de 8 rubriques, dans le -DR. d'un bloc base de données. Mise à jour TP : après histo TP, le premier. mouvement a le numéro d'une session obsolète. Chain Cases. (C:031736) Mise à jour TP : suite à historisation en TP, le premier. mouvement conserve le numéro de l'ancienne session courante. datant d'avant l'historisation. Editing Papers. Ceci est désormais corrigé. TRJC : la détection des mouvements utiles de mise. à jour passés en session courante est correcte (C:031868) TRJC : la détection des mouvements utiles de mise à jour.
passés en session courante est correcte. La gestion du numéro de session courante était incorrecte. La détection des mouvements utiles était alors impossible et. en particulier des mouvements d'annulation étaient conservés. Les mouvements d'annulation étant stockés à la fin du.
fichier des mouvements utiles, une mise à jour à partir de. ce fichier pouvait entraîner des annulations de lignes à ACTI : les résultats sont désormais corrects. Le résultat de la procédure ACTI est désormais correct. pour le paramètre MVUT. VINS VING PQCE: ajout fichier RQ suite à évolution. du programme BVPACS30 pour la proc MIBA. Supply Chain Management Study Cases. (C:032052) Le fichier RQ doit être ajouté dans le step PACX des.
procédures VINS VING et PQCE suite à l'évolution du. programme BVPACS30 pour la procédure MIBA. Administration : La publication des profils. tient compte des droits attachés à ceux-ci. Editing Papers. (C:031152) La publication d'un profil intègre dorénavant les droits. portés par ce profil. Pacbase Update Facility.
PUF-TP : problème d'extraction des -GG de second. niveau des blocs base de données (C:031949) PUF-TP : problème d'extraction des -GG de second. niveau des blocs base de données. Reprises entre versions. PC25 : modification d'appel de format guide. quand la partie suite annulée concerne un autre FG (C:031363) PC25 : modification d'appel de format guide quand la.
partie suite annulée concerne un autre format guide. Si un appel de format guide est porté par deux. enregistrements (partie 1 et partie suite) en version. 2.5, puis si un autre format guide est appelé sur le. même numéro de ligne, cela pouvait provoquer une. modification de la partie 1 et une annulation de la. La reprise doit ignorer cette partie suite annulée. PC25: ignorer le type du format guide à blanc s'il. PC25 : ignorer le type du format guide à blanc s'il.
Si un descriptif de format guide a évolué dans le. temps avec un type initialement à G ou O qui devient. ensuite blanc, ce type à blanc sera ignoré. PC25 : incohérences sur libellés d'état avec. parties suites modifiées en session historisées. Supply Chain. (C:031495) PC25 : incohérences sur des libellés d'état dont les. parties suites sont modifiées en session historisées. L'information : 'numéro de libellé : ' est présente. sur la première partie du libellé. si seule une partie suite de ce libellé a été modifiée.
dans une session ultérieure, le numéro de libellé à attribuer doit provenir de la dernière session courante. qui contient la première partie. Si la partie 1 du libellé dans une session historisée. est annulée, et si une seule partie suite de ce libellé a été modifiée dans une session ultérieure, alors le. code mouvement à attribuer doit provenir de la dernière. session courante contenant une partie 1. Les contrôles DSMS sont désactivés dans les.
Les contrôles DSMS sont désactivés dans les procédures. de reprise. Oppression. Si une base est sous contrôle DSMS lors de. sa reprise, ses contrôles sont désactivés. PJ25: Reprise des appels de format guide du. Reprise des appels de format guide du fichier journal. Certains mouvements 3.5 peuvent être incomplets.
si leur contenu est réparti sur plusieurs mouvements 2.5. et qu'un seul de ces mouvements a été journalisé. 'INCOHERENCE RISK' avec le mouvement impacté sont édités. Software Config. Chain. Management. Choix LEG : Message indiquant que seul le code. Choix LEG : Message indiquant que seul le code action 'A' Si l'utilisateur indique un code action autre que 'A' ou 'D' un rejet se produit avec un message d'erreur suivant affiché CODE ACTION AUTRE QUE 'A' OU 'D' INTERDIT
EXPU : Purge de l'historique des environnements. de production pour les entités supprimées. Oppression. (C:031486) La procédure EXPU formate des annulations d'enregistrements. pour les entités qui n'existent plus dans la base. (quelle que soit la session). Ecran GP, le message 'JOB SOUMIS' est affiché en.
priorité sur le message 'mot de passe non saisi'. Chain Study. (C:030970) Dans l'écran GP, lors du lancement de job sous RACF, le message 'JOB SOUMIS' est affiché en priorité par rapport. au message d'avertissement 'Attention, mot de passe non. Modification du contrôle de la ligne * de PACX. dans le cadre de la proc. Coursework Doctorate Programs. TRRP sous contrôle RACF (C:031006) Ce change corrige l'incompatibilité, dans le cadre de la. procédure TRRP, entre la ligne * transmise au PACX qui.
comporte un 'T' en colonne 50 et le contrôle effectué au. niveau de l'extracteur PACX qui ne supporte pas la. transmises au programme PACX ne comportent pas de. user/mot de passe puisque ce sont ceux de connexion TSO. qui sont utilisés dans ce cas.
De plus le PACX ne bloque plus sur la présence d'un code. 'T' en colonne 50 indiquant que les mouvements. proviennent de PAC Transfert. Ajout de l'include du BVPACENQ dans les paramètres. de LINK du programme BVPTURGY. Supply Study Cases. (C:031779) Ce change permet de préciser dans la livraison par SMP/E, les paramètres de LINK du programme BVPTURGY avec le. Livraison des programmes BVPDS600 et BVPDS610 pour. réalignement avec ceux livrés pour DSMS (C:031957) Les programmes BVPDS600 et BVPDS610 livrés avec la version.
VisualAge Pacbase, dans le FMID racine HBVP350, sont. identiques à ceux livrés dans le FMID HBVBP350 avec la. GBIR - Sub Network Comparaison. CPSN - Initialisation de bibliothèque. Correction de l'erreur 2516E. About And Juliet. (C:030582) Dans le cas d'une bibliothèque esclave non initialisée, la procédure CPSN génère désormais un mouvement de mise. à jour de la bibliothèque esclave dans le fichier à destination de la procédure UPDT afin de ne plus avoir. de rejet pour cause de bibliothèque non initialisée dans. CPSN : résolution de différences dans la.
comparaison de lignes de -CD de programme (C:030921) CPSN : Résolution d'une fausse différence dans la. comparaison de lignes de -CD de programme. Des différences sont détectées sur une nouvelle zone à usage interne introduite par la version 3.0 de VisualAge. Pacbase (le numéro d'ordre de la SD dans la chaîne). Cette zone est à blanc sur les enregistrements antérieurs.
à la version 3.0, sinon elle est initialisée à zéro. Les enregistrements (-CD des programmes) antérieurs à la. version 3.0 auront leur zone initialisée à zéro par les. extracteurs EXTR et EXLI. La procédure CPSN ne détectera donc plus ces différences. GSQ : la prise en compte de l'annulation d'une. dernière colonne est désormais effective (C:031348)
GSQ : lors de la génération d'un bloc de type 'Q2' l'annulation de la dernière colonne est désormais. NonStop SQL : génération des ordres SQL pour les. rubriques de type DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP. Management Study. (C:031524) NonStop SQL : génération des ordres SQL pour les rubriques. de type DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP. Certaines lignes générées contenaient 'xxxTYPE AS . Editing Papers. '. La syntaxe 'xxx TYPE AS . Study. ' est désormais générée.
NonStop SQL : génération des ordres SQL pour les. rubriques de type DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP. Essay. (C:031550) NonStop SQL : génération des ordres SQL pour les rubriques. de type DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP. Certaines lignes générées contenaient 'xxxTYPE AS . Study. '. La syntaxe 'xxx TYPE AS . Essay Shakespeare. ' est désormais générée. Génération des indicateurs SQL sous la forme.
V-XXNN-CORUB pour base Oracle en organisation P (C:031942) La génération des indicateurs SQL sous la forme. V-XXNN-CORUB pour base Oracle en organisation P. est de nouveau opérationnelle avec l'option SQLREF. Blocs SQL Q3: CREATE TABLE sur rubrique dont le. premier caractère du format est un 'T' est correct (C:031992) Blocs SQL Q3: CREATE TABLE sur rubrique dont le. premier caractère du format est un 'T' est correct. Lors de la duplication de programme sous Developer. Workbench, le conditionnement n'est plus tronqué (C:031299) Lors de la duplication de programme sous ADWorkbench, le conditionnement n'est plus tronqué. Lignes de ventilation de texte (T . Cases. D, type 'I') contrôle : type d'entité et longueur du code (C:030393)
Vérification de la longueur du code entité sur les. lignes de ventilation de choix T. Romeo And Juliet. D (type de ligne 'I') - le type D doit être suivi de 2 caractères. - le type R doit être suivi de 3 caractères. - le type S doit être suivi de 4 caractères. On ne peut désormais modifier que les Entités. Les mises à jour sur les Métas-Entités doivent être bloquées. notamment pour Pacdesign et Pacbench si le module Extension. n'a pas été acquis. Supply Cases. Cette amélioration fait suite au c28736. où l'on a autorisé de manière très large, les mises à jour.
aux Métas-Entités, relations et Entités dans le cas où le. module Extension n'était pas acquis. Architecture Thesis. Cette amélioration a. pour but de bloquer les mises à jour sur les Méta-Entités et. Entités utilisateurs qui ne sont pas associées à une Méta. Entité dont le code commence par '.'. Définition d'un écran : seules les variantes. Définition d'un écran : seules les variantes reconnues. Désormais si une variante est non reconnue elle est. interdites à la saisie.
Elle est rejetée avec le message. VARIANTE INCONNUE DE DIALOGUE Dans -CR, lors de la création de la relation entre l'entité courante avec une entité utilisateur, le contenu des. champs composant l'identifiant de cette dernière est. converti en majuscule si le champ présente l'option.
Uppercase au niveau de la description de le méta-entité Affichage des Chaînages d'une Structure de Données. Sous le titre 'Structure de Données' de l'écran d'affichage. des chaînages, les informations situées sous le titre PR, dans le -CD du programme, apparaissent. Les codes actions de positionnement Batch. seront interdits en TP (C:031048) Les codes actions de positionnement Batch. seront interdits en TP. Les codes mouvements de positionnement (comme 'F' ou 'P'), en utilisation limitée en Batch, sont interdits en mise à
Méta Entité Cliente : ré-affichage description. EU source si duplication vers EU cible différente (C:031076) En cas de duplication de la description d'une Entité Utilisateur cliente, en modifiant l'identifiant. en haut de l'écran, le ré-affichage de l'écran après mise. à jour reste sur l'Entité utilisateur d'origine. GUT - la 2ième partie du libellé saisissable. par l'utilisateur fait 11 caractères (C:031237)
GUT - la 2ième partie du libellé saisissable. par l'utilisateur fait 11 caractères. Journalisation des descriptifs d'entités. La mise à jour des descriptifs d'entités utilisateurs est. précédée de l'écriture d'un mouvement de positionnement. (code mouvement 'P') de la fiche de définition de l'entité utilisateur correspondante.
Ce mouvement ne contient. cependant que l'identifiant long et le code interne calculé Mise à jour TP : après histo TP, le premier. mouvement a le numéro d'une session obsolète. Supply Study Cases. (C:031736) Mise à jour TP : suite à historisation en TP, le premier. mouvement conserve le numéro de l'ancienne session courante. datant d'avant l'historisation. Custom Written Software Meaning. Ceci est désormais corrigé. Modification du contrôle de la ligne * de PACX.
dans le cadre de la proc. Chain Management Study. TRRP sous contrôle RACF (C:031006) Ce change corrige l'incompatibilité, dans le cadre de la. procédure TRRP, entre la ligne * transmise au PACX qui. comporte un 'T' en colonne 50 et le contrôle effectué au.
niveau de l'extracteur PACX qui ne supporte pas la. transmises au programme PACX ne comportent pas de. user/mot de passe puisque ce sont ceux de connexion TSO. qui sont utilisés dans ce cas. De plus le PACX ne bloque plus sur la présence d'un code. 'T' en colonne 50 indiquant que les mouvements. proviennent de PAC Transfert. TRJC : la détection des mouvements utiles de mise. à jour passés en session courante est correcte (C:031868) TRJC : la détection des mouvements utiles de mise à jour. passés en session courante est correcte.
La gestion du numéro de session courante était incorrecte. La détection des mouvements utiles était alors impossible et. en particulier des mouvements d'annulation étaient conservés. Les mouvements d'annulation étant stockés à la fin du. fichier des mouvements utiles, une mise à jour à partir de.
ce fichier pouvait entraîner des annulations de lignes à Suppression de verrou technique par EXPJ - UPDP. La procédure UPDP donne la possibilité de supprimer. un verrou technique en mode batch. La procédure EXPJ met en forme le mouvement. Une demande de verrouillage d'une entité ne met. pas à jour l'horodatage s'il existe (C:031386) Une demande de verrouillage d'une entité ne met. pas à jour l'horodatage s'il existe.
En cas de pose de verrou sur une entité, l'horodatage est. créé s'il n'existe pas et reste inchangé dans le cas. Fabrication PC PE de livraison avec le sigle V05. Les fichiers BVPPC et BVPPE fournis à l'installation. comportent le sigle V05 dans l'enregistrement d'entête.
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Supply Chain Strategy | CASE STUDIES pdf 18 Кб
mark essay The claim has been made that Mark's Gospel should be seen as an initiation book written to introduce those soon to supply study be baptised into the fellowship of coursework programs, Jesus. The whole Gospel - so the supply management cases, argument goes - was written to be read straight through in one sitting during the Easter vigil, and then to be followed at dawn by essay romeo and juliet the baptism of the catechumens. Whether this theory is true or not, the Gospel's main concern is certainly those who want to follow the Lord. The vocation accounts in this Gospel have a pragmatic character. They have to be seen in the light of the Kingdom of God that Jesus proclaimed as having arrived with him. The disciples were called to become fishers of people in the company of Jesus. The intention of Jesus was not to make them his servants but to call them co-workers and co-servants in God's plan of salvation for his chosen people then, now, and in the future for all human beings. The disciples were called to share in the mission of Jesus that aimed at supply management study universal salvation, and to be part of an apostolic community.
The handbook of Mark is composed of two parts which are almost equal in length. What concludes the first and opens the second is a question concerning the person of oceanarium, Jesus: Who do you say I am? (Mk 8.29) and Peter's answer: You are the Christ! (29) From here onwards the supply chain management study, second part of the disciples' training begins. We could call the first part the journey through Galilee (Mk 1:16-8:21) and the second part the way to Jerusalem (8:27-10:45) having its end in Jerusalem itself (11:1-15.39). The First Part: The Journey Through Galilee. The first part of being a disciple in Mark's handbook could also be called the springtime of the disciples' vocation, the time with the master in essay titles Galilee. It is exciting, fulfilling and rewarding to be with him.
The disciples become important, they bathe in the success of the master, they re honoured and chain management considered lucky. Coursework Programs. There is great coming and chain management study cases going; they don't even have time to eat; their expectations are lofty. But they still have a long way to go before they really become his disciples. This way in editing papers Galilee comes to an end with two healings of blind people. Both stories are found only in Mark.
The first takes place at Bethsaida before Peter's confession (Mk 8:22-26) and supply chain management cases the second is that of the custom software meaning, blind beggar Bartimaeus at Jericho (Mk 10:46-52) when Jesus is determined to go to Jerusalem to face his final destiny, the cross. Mark describes true discipleship in the passage 8:27-10:45 and introduces this section with the healing of a man who is blind (8:22-26). Somewhat surprisingly, the cases, healing has to be done in two stages. The first attempt is coursework, seemingly not enough to restore the study, sight of the man. At the end of doctorate programs, this whole section on discipleship, Mark again presents a healing of a blind man called Bartimaeus (10:46-52). Here the healing is an instant success. Bartimaeus' sight is completely restored and, after throwing off his possessions, he follows Jesus on cases, the way to doctorate programs Jerusalem. It is chain cases, obvious that Mark purposely uses the 'progressive' healing of the blind man as an introduction to Peter's confession that Jesus is the Messiah.
Peter, however, by proclaiming Jesus as Messiah, has only perceived half of the story and is not yet able to see clearly all its implications. He realises in his confession that Jesus is the only way to salvation, but he is not yet ready to go with him on the way to Jerusalem. Therefore, he only understands half of the story; his sight is only half restored. The full vision of who Jesus is will be revealed only in the cross and resurrection. Recognition of Jesus' messiah-ship is not sufficient if one does not also accept the scandal of the cross (8:31-32).
The two elements should not be separated from each other; their union constitutes the pivot of Mark's gospel J. Dupont, Blind Bartimaeus, p.224. These two healings are beautiful illustrations of what has to happen to the disciples of oceanarium thesis, Jesus before they can really recognise who Jesus is. The first cure not only demonstrates the blindness of the disciples but also points to what Jesus will do on the way: he will grant sight to them. Supply. The second, the editing papers, cure of the blind Bartimaeus, makes it very clear that the supply chain management cases, disciples, even though they are following Jesus on the way, still lack sight. Mark sees Bartimaeus as representing any disciple who reaches full perception. As long as Bartimaeus cannot see they way, he cannot walk along it. All he can do is to sit at the wayside (120:46). The contrast before and after the healing is obvious. At the oppression essay, beginning, Baritmaeus is chain study, blind - seated - on the side of the road (10:46), at coursework then end he is management, sighted - follows - on the way (10:52). Only after his cure through Jesus' touch can he follow Jesus on the way.
It is an obvious truth that no one can walk a way without sight but it is especially true of Jesus' way; whoever does not see Jesus cannot follow him, and whoever does not follow him cannot see him. Mark seems to say that of all the followers of Jesus only the UTA admission, beggar from Jericho is no longer blind but sees. From this point on we must also understand the risen Lord's instruction to the disciples, given to supply chain management them by the angel: 'He is about shakespeare, going - tracing the way - before you to Galilee, there you will see him' (Mk 16:7). The Second part: The Way to Jerusalem. After the confession of Peter, the management, time had come for the disciples to enter into a new phase of being followers of Jesus. In this second phase they were to follow the master down to Jerusalem with the prospect of being crucified with him. Essay. In Galilee, the place of supply chain management study cases, his public life, Jesus was in total control.
He was the active one: he called disciples, he healed the about shakespeare romeo and juliet, people and supply management cases they responded to him; he cast out editing papers demons and battled with his opponents. In Jerusalem, the place of his passion, Jesus played the passive part: he is management study, handed over. The Gospels use the phrase: he was handed over twenty-two times. The basic meaning of this phrase is that in the life of essay about shakespeare and juliet, Jesus there came a moment when he was no longer the active subject, fully in control of all his actions, but had become the object on which others acted. Jesus moved from being active to being passive, from the role of subject to that of chain management, object and essay titles from working in freedom to waiting for what others decided and accepting what others did.
To introduce his disciples to this way of being disciples, Jesus posed a crucial question: Who do people say I am? The disciples, like a bunch of kids, were eager to give an answer: John the Baptist, Elijah or one of the prophets. Supply Chain Management. The real question, however, was: Who do you, my disciples, say I am? Peter, being the spokesman of them all, gave the answer. You are the Christ! Jesus, taken by surprise, realised that they had got it right.
Admittedly, Peter gave an answer he could not have produced by coursework his own insight. (According to Matthew It was not flesh and blood that revealed this to Peter but the Father in heaven 16:17). Now the time had come for Jesus to lead them into the mystery of supply chain cases, his suffering and to prepare them for what was to editing papers come. They would have to make a decision whether or not they wanted to remain or, better, become his true disciples. The way of the master would not go up and up and up. There was a bend in management study the road that led down to doctorate programs the cross, to Jerusalem. Would they be willing to go with the chain, master on that stretch of the way as well? Peter, as their leader, gave the initial answer: NO! Peter took Jesus aside and started to remonstrate with him (to put him straight, to tell him to drop this nonsense)
Peter who gives the right answer to the question of who Jesus is, now took the initiative to tell Jesus what, according to this opinion, being the Messiah meant. Anything but - for God's sake - suffering and violent death. He steps in front of the Lord and tells him so: I have been following you up to now, I walked behind you faithfully, but no I ask you to follow me, and architecture thesis let me indicate the way. Jesus' answer is supply cases, very harsh and uncompromising: Devil get out of my way! If you want to be a follower of mine you'd better Get behind me. Do not tell me which way to go! Get your feet into my footprints, Peter! From now on Jesus talks constantly about his cross and his death: He was telling them, The Son of Man will be delivered into the hands of men; they will put him to death; and three days after he has been put to romeo death, he will rise again. But they did not understand what he said and were afraid to ask him It is not only Peter who cannot accept the thought of a suffering and rejected Messiah.
Here, after the second announcement of his suffering and death, the chain management study cases, only thing the disciples can do is to editing papers get into supply chain, an argument about coursework programs whom of supply chain study, them should be regarded the greatest among them (9:34) Once more, taking the Twelve aside he began to tell them what was going to happen to him. Now we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man is about to written software meaning be handed over tot he chief priests and the scribes. They will condemn him to death and will hand him over to the pagans, who will mock him and spit at him and scourge him and put him to death; and after three days he will rise again Again the reaction of the disciples is strange. They seem not to comprehend at all what Jesus is talking about.
They are still preoccupied with future places of honour and importance. John and study James ask Jesus for the first places in the glorious Kingdom to come. The rest of them get indignant revealing in fact that they had harboured the same thoughts. (Mk 10:33-41). For the Son of Man himself did not come to be served but to oppression titles serve, and to give his life as a ransom for chain management study cases many. Jesus' definition of discipleship according to thesis Mark includes the willingness to go with the master up to Jerusalem, to suffer and be rejected. If anyone wants to chain management study cases be a follower of mine, let him renounce himself and take up his cross and follow me
As we saw, Mark frames his catechesis on oceanarium, discipleship with two healing miracles in which Jesus heals a blind man. Supply Chain Cases. The first time the healing does not succeed immediately, while the custom written, second healing, that of the blind Bartimaeus, is an instant success. Here the essential elements of the discipleship become obvious: Bartimaeus throws off his mantle meaning, he leaves all security behind. The mantle was the only possession the supply chain study, poor people normally had and the beggar's mantle entitled him to receive alms. This reminds the reader of the call of the coursework doctorate, first disciples. (1:18;20) who abandoned everything and supply chain study cases followed Jesus. After Bartimaeus has committed himself totally to the Lord he goes after him on the road to oppression essay titles Jerusalem. Now it becomes clear what being a disciple means for Mark: to go after the Master - to deny oneself - to take up one's cross.
Jesus' disciples failed miserably in their first attempt to supply management be disciples of the master and to romeo follow him on management cases, the way to editing papers Jerusalem. Supply. They all deserted him and ran away! A young man who followed him had nothing on but a linen cloth. Architecture. They got hold of him, but he left the cloth in their hands and ran away naked (Mk 14:50-52). Knowing that being naked in Scripture means having lost one's dignity, Mark tells us here that the disciples, like our first parents, lost everything on the night they abandoned their master. They had stopped being his followers. Handbook written for the Roman community. It is still generally accepted that the Gospel of Mark was written in Rome around 65 AD during or shortly after the persecution that had struck this community unexpectedly. (Some, however, hold that the Gospel was written in Roman-occupied Syria). This community in Rome was well established and consisted of supply chain study, people as socially prominent as members of the imperial court.
Among its founders they could list Peter as the most renowned. They had been living as 'disciples of Jesus' for programs some time. But now something unforeseen had happened: persecution had come unexpectedly. Many had been killed, driven out and had lost all they had. The question was: does being a disciple of Jesus mean to be subjected to all this and even to lose one's life? Mark addresses this crisis situation and writes his handbook of discipleship, his Gospel for this specific group. His handbook is designed to supply chain cases answer the crucial question about the oppression titles, relationship between suffering and management study discipleship. The central place in his handbook is given to the apostle Peter, one of the group's most prominent founders.
Mark presents Peter as an example of how he and all the other disciples had to undergo a very painful conversion before they were ready to follow the mast, if necessary, down to Jerusalem. Taking Peter as an example, Mark shows the Roman community that accepting the cross is vital to discipleship, and could mean readiness to lay down one's life. Peter and programs all the other disciples had failed, but this was not the end. They, the Romans, could go back just as the disciples were taken back by the Lord after Easter. Chain Management Study Cases. Mark is saying: Look at your founder, Peter! How difficult it was for him to come to grips with the master's sense of obligation to go to Jerusalem and be crucified.
Take Peter as your example and lean from him what being a disciple means. Peter's attempt to avoid the cross will always be a temptation for everyone when faced with a similar situation. But there is no way around it. If any want to become my followers, let them deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me It was important that Jesus said: THEIR cross and oceanarium architecture not MY cross.
The cross or the cup that the Father has allotted to each one of us according to his will and our own capacity will always differ from that of study, other persons. But whenever we want to follow the lord we have to reckon seriously with the possibility of encountering the cross. It means that being disciples of Jesus might become an obstacle for our daily life, or might go against our inclinations and wishes. In these moments the cross will appear and we are asked to carry THIS, OUR CROSS as Jesus carried his. The following illustration might show what this daily cross could consist of. We know from history that the one to be crucified had only to carry the horizontal crossbar. The vertical pole was already firmly in place and remained there to be used again and again. The condemned person was nailed to the crossbar, then lifted up and fixed to the vertical pole. Figuratively speaking, we could say the UTA admission, crossbar that we have to chain management cases carry day in and day out is software, made up of our own character and habits, our temperament and inconsistencies, our ailments and suffering. The 'vertical pole' could be described as the millieu we find ourselves in, the chain management study cases, circumstances of our lives that we cannot change or the difficult people we have to face or live with. These are all things that are firmly fixed on my road and which I can neither change nor remove.
Where these two parts of the cross meet and cross each other is the place where my daily crucifixion will take place, where I am to drink the cup the Father has assigned to me. In the handbook of Mark the disciple receives only custom, assurance: that he will not be left alone. I will go ahead of you. Supply Chain. Do not be afraid (Mk.16:7). There shall be nothing the disciple will have to experience that the master has not experienced before him. The Lord is always going ahead of us.
Whenever the disciples find themselves in difficulties and the cross weighs heavily, they are encouraged to titles recall the springtime of their vocation, the chain management cases, time of their Galilee with the Lord when they had seen and experienced the power of God's Kingdom already present. Coursework Programs. It is on such occasions that the master will tell them: Go back to your Galilee, there you will see me!
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A Business-Planning Template: Considerations for Cultural Heritage Organizations and Their Digital Asset Programs. The template described here is supply chain study cases intended to help cultural heritage institutions prepare a business plan. It is a general guide to the major business-planning elements; each institution may need to modify or expand it to editing papers, fit its own needs. Supply Management Cases. Each element of the template is explained, and most are illustrated with examples drawn from the telephone survey. Editing Papers. The template elements are as follows: mission, vision, values, and goals executive summary product or service description needs assessment or market research environment and competition markets and services pricing distribution communication organizational structure operations, including facilities and equipment, management and staffing, and study cases legal issues financial plans product evaluation and usability assessment. A mission statement should express the purpose of the organization and describe what is distinctive about it.
The mission statement might also briefly state something about doctorate programs what the organization aims to accomplish, including its marketplace niche or the quality of its products or services. The mission has an impact on supply chain management cases, many other aspects of the editing papers, organization's business plan, as indicated in the following examples of the WRLC and supply chain management the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Lizanne Payne of the WRLC, a consortium of academic libraries, said of her proposal to create a consortial digitization infrastructure available to WRLC members, We saw this idea as a natural extension of the digital library systems which we were already providing. We have a plan for integrating the custom software, new service into the existing organization. It is part of our overall goal of supply chain management, encouraging the development of digital collections from our libraries. Custom Written Software. With these comments, she is confirming the importance of making sure that the digital service initiative is consonant with the mission of the organization in which it is based.
At the University of North Carolina at study, Chapel Hill, the library's mission was considered in making a key decision about sustainability. Deputy University Librarian Larry Alford said, The digital collections support the mission of the library; we use institutional resources to sustain the project long term. Editing Papers. We do not intend to license the resulting data because the project meets our mission. We're creating the Documenting the chain study, South Collection and other digital collections as a core function of the library, that should be funded as other core functions are funded. Richard Rinehart of the MOAC echoed this perspective when he said, The business plan for the collaborative project needs to be mission driven, coming out oppression essay titles, of the missions of the participating institutions. That's part of the management study cases, reason why access to this stuff is editing papers free. We figure out what ultimate goal is we are trying to achieve, and then fund it on the basis of supply chain, that. This example demonstrates that even in a collaboration involving many institutions, it is possible to agree on how the digital asset program fits in the aggregated missions and how that determines the community's approach to funding. In another illustration of successful collaboration based on consideration of UTA admission, mission, Greg Colati, director of Digital Collections and Archives, and university archivist at Tufts University, discussed how the university's work with Boston-area cultural heritage institutions supports the university's mission: Everything we do is chain management study cases based on supporting teaching and research.
Part of the university's mission is to support other cultural institutions in the area. There is no specific mandate to do that, but we can do it if it also supports teaching and research. The goal of this project was to editing papers, digitize old city directories, census records, and historic photos using GIS capabilities. The vision statement expresses what the organization wants to be or become (the ideal or best-possible form and substance to which it aspires) and reflects the organization's priorities. Value statements describe core beliefs and norms of the organization, and might address issues about the corporate culture, or beliefs about chain cases what is right, fair, just or desirable (Kotler and about romeo and juliet Kotler 1998, 79?80). An organization's mission can be product centered or market centered. A product-centered definition emphasizes that the organization produces what it expects the consumer to chain study cases, acquire. The market-centered mission emphasizes the essay about romeo and juliet, needs of the consumer, i.e., the management study cases, benefits, the custom software, values, and the satisfaction they seek, irrespective of the particular product. The mission of the Library of Congress, quoted from its Web site, is to make its resources available and useful to the Congress and the American people and to sustain and preserve a universal collection of knowledge and creativity for future generations. This mission is largely market centered, focusing on the Congress, the American people, and chain management study cases the good of future generations.
The mission of a university is more product centered (in the corporate sector, an example would be a mission statement focusing on what the company sells.) One example is the coursework doctorate, University of Denver's mission: to promote learning by engaging students, advancing scholarly inquiry, cultivating critical thought, and creating knowledge. While both examples mention the product and the market, each has a different emphasis. Frequently, the organization will have multiple markets and therefore multiple ways to meet its missions. For example, a museum will have an educational mission; to deliver on this mission to both the general public and scholars, it will be a community center and chain management serve a scholarly community. The goals statement defines what needs to be achieved to deliver the custom written, desired outcomes. The goals are specific and stated in chain study cases, a measurable form. UTA Admission Essay. They should be directly related to the mission statement. Management Cases. At the University of Washington Libraries, a digitization project supported the library's access goals.
Director of University Libraries Betsy Wilson noted, The American Indians of software meaning, Pacific Northwest Digital Collection project, begun in 1998 and funded by a Library of Congress Ameritech Grant, fit with the University of Washington's strategy of Oanytime, any place' library . . . getting materials to the user's desktop. It fit into the direction of enhanced access. Tom Hickerson, associate university librarian for information technology and special collections at of Cornell University, discussed how the perspective on digital initiatives had changed since the supply cases, Digital Access Coalition was formed in 1992. We increasingly see digital collections as services rather than as purely content, and service support must be holistic, involving staff from various functional areas, such as reference, metadata production, systems, and copyright management. Oppression Titles. In the supply, first decade, our focus was on content creation; in doctorate programs, the next one, we will focus on the delivery of services, he said.
Executive Summary of the Business Plan. Supply. The executive summary of a business plan provides the reader with a justification for undertaking the initiative or an overview of the opportunity. It should describe the need or the essay, problem being addressed in the initiative, the audience or market segment being targeted, and the product or service being developed. The executive summary should leave the cases, reader saying, So now I understand what this is all about. Cornell University is one of the few organizations responding to this survey that provided an example of a business plan. The document had been prepared for its Digital Consulting and Production Service.
The introduction or executive summary reads as follows: The Library Digitization Service will be operated as a component service of Digital Consulting and Production Services, a unit of the Division of Digital Library and shakespeare and juliet Information Technologies (DLIT), directed by supply, Thomas Hickerson (Associate University Librarian for Information Technologies and Special Collections). DCAPS offers a suite of digital asset management services supporting digital resource development, from feasibility assessment to full-scale production. Leveraging the Library's existing experience and expertise, DCAPS is comprised of associated services necessary to insure cost-effective creation, management, use, and preservation for digital collections. Presently the services include digitization, metadata, copyright, and delivery technology consulting and implementation support. The document explains that the basis for this program is the IBM consulting model. This approach, which adopts a practice from the for-profit sector, is innovative within the titles, library community. The model underlying DCAPS is conceptually similar to the one implemented by supply chain management cases, IBM with great success in UTA admission essay, recent years. Rather than having a customer deal directly with the various product-producing divisions of IBM, as was done for many decades, the chain, customer is provided with a solution based on the full range of products and services needed. While many of the oppression essay titles, products and services recommended are IBM-produced, most importantly, they meet the full range of a customer's needs in an integrated manner. While this approach has increased the chain, sales of IBM products, more significantly, it has increased the about shakespeare romeo and juliet, value to customers of IBM's expertise and advice.
Strategic or Market Opportunity. Part of the executive summary should briefly describe the specific need that will be filled by the product or service being developed. It should explain why this initiative represents a strategic way to meet the customers' needs and further the organization's mission. Service or Product to be Developed. The executive summary should describe the product or service that is being developed in response to the strategic or market opportunity presented. The product should be described in terms of both the supply management cases, core service and editing papers product services.
Examples of core, or basic, services might be a metadata and image database, an online exhibit of selected digital content, an institutional repository, or a digital imaging laboratory for staff use. Examples of supply chain cases, product, or value-added, services would be a high-quality printing and digital copying, software licensing, customized software, 24-hour virtual reference, or on-demand digital imaging services. Products are viewed in terms of a product mix, defined as the range of products offered. An individual product might be a digital selection of collections within a library or museum; services supporting the use of digital collections, reference services, or museum exhibits; or programs such as museum educational outreach activities. The product mix is important as a grouping, since without one element of the mix, another element might not be available. Within the digital asset environment, most activity continues to focus on editing papers, the base level, i.e., creation of the collections. Supply Chain Study Cases. Survey respondents are creating image and metadata databases, with value-added services and titles learning tools just emerging.
Museums are starting to supply cases, create services to support educational needs, databases to support scholars, and services to support their publishing activities. Libraries are working on interactive systems to custom, access scholarly work. Nonetheless, the greatest percentage of supply chain management, work under way at present is written meaning designed to launch the fundamental content on supply management, which a product mix will be based. Needs Assessment or Market Research. Kotler (2000, 139) writes that market research is a systematic design, collection, analysis and reporting of data and findings relevant to [a] specific marketing situation. There are several types of market research, including needs assessment, community analysis, and marketing audits. Architecture Thesis. One can collect a wide range of information, including data on the demographics, geography, economics, technology, politics, and culture of the community served, as well as on competition among similar products. These are characteristics of management, external market research. Internal market research should address a profile of strengths and weaknesses of organizational planning objectives, strategy and resources (human, fiscal, and essay physical), organizational climate, patterns of supply management study, communication, and marketing plans. Editing Papers. It is important that an organization define the business it is undertaking, be it the overall business or a new product or service. Business definition can be done through a variety of market research techniques, including needs assessments.
Research, in the form of listening to constituents, donors, and clients, allows the supply cases, organization to uncover what is essay perceived to study, be special about its constituents, both in how they think and the benefits they want in editing papers, relation to the nonprofit organization. . . Supply Chain Study Cases. . The product mix of an organization is the sum total of all of the organization's service outputs on behalf of particular constituencies (McLeish 1995, 9). Editing Papers. Organizations use research to decide which products, or packages of products, should be maintained, increased, or phased out. There are four steps to doing market research: Determine the data elements to be covered . This step includes identifying depth of coverage, including the amount and type of resources available to do the research. The type of data to be collected will depend on the specifics of the project. For example, a digitization project might begin with a series of supply chain management cases, focus groups with the target market. UTA Admission. The focus group process provides an opportunity to test the basic product concept. This testing should be done before any work is undertaken, as it can help define the scope of the project, including narrowing, broadening, or completely changing the items to be digitized.
Testing can also be used to determine specific things, such as whether the users have sufficient bandwidth capability to receive digital video. Following focus groups, phone or written surveys can be undertaken to supply management cases, involve a larger number of essay, individuals from the target market. The survey could contain questions about specific product features, willingness to management, pay for the product, and price-level sensitivity. Editing Papers. This is the opportunity to ask members of the audience whether they would purchase the product at a specific price. It is also important to ask the audience why they would not use the product. Other market research could include usability tests.
This type of management cases, testing can be undertaken at various stages of the product's development. It provides for testing the various features of the product and the interface design. Usability testing is generally not done to determine audience acceptance of the overall product, because the editing papers, number of individuals testing the chain study cases, product is too small. Develop the written software meaning, procedures for collecting the data and supply chain cases monitoring the process . Doctorate Programs. The focus group and survey questions must be carefully developed. Supply Chain Management Cases. Pretesting questions on several organizations or individuals that represent the target market is an essay shakespeare romeo and juliet, important step. Questions should address issues from the audience's perspective, and project designers should be open to the possibility that results may not reflect answers that experts or staff may want or expect. Questions should be revised on the basis of the supply study, results of the pretest. To avoid bias and to get the best results, an individual with expertise in market research techniques, rather than staff of the institution, should develop the survey or conduct the focus group. Editing Papers. Collect and analyze the data . Market research is of two types: primary and secondary.
Primary research includes customer studies, such as interviews regarding their current needs, demographics, and why they use or do not use a particular library or museum service. Chain Management. Market research can also be used to assess customer interest in a new product or service. Secondary research provides information that others have gathered about oppression titles a diverse range of customers that is then customized to the specific research needs of the organization. It is standard practice to conduct secondary research first. Chain Management. Competitor research may have to be purchased or obtained through subscription online services. Prepare reports and present the results . Essay About Shakespeare. A market research consultant or the staff undertaking the market research should present a summary of the data and some conclusions. It is important to look not only for desired results but also for unanticipated feedback. Are the market responses different than anticipated? Do customers want the product delivered in a different way? Do they want an interpretive exhibit approach rather than a database approach? Is the price of the product or service too high?
Is there evidence that the customer wants a different product entirely? For example, do they want high-quality prints when you were not planning to offer prints at all? Or do they want TIFF images delivered via e-mail? Environmental scans, Delphi techniques, and scenario planning are market research techniques developed in the last decade. The Delphi method, developed by the RAND Corporation, is supply chain a structured method of group communication to deal with complex problems. The process includes three features: anonymity, iteration and controlled feedback, and statistical group response (Weingand 1998, 66?67). Scenario planning was first used in the 1960s by the military and is now used widely to avoid planning based on a single set of assumptions. Architecture Thesis. The scenario method of planning allows an organization to management cases, explore questions starting with What if . . . (Weingand 1998, 85?95) and can allow participants to explore best and worst cases, as well as a range of options or solutions for current or future situations. Market research allows an organization to. assess new and editing papers emerging opportunities furnish information for short- and long-term marketing plans obtain information to solve problems know which decisions have been correct and supply chain management study which ones are in need of change develop promotional and public relation appeals assess where the UTA admission essay, organization stands as it relates to supply chain management, competitors. Oya Rieger, coordinator of the management team of Cornell University's Digital Consulting and Production Services (DCAPS), reported that while DCAPS did not undertake any systematic market research for its campus library digitization services, its involvement in the Unified Services Working Group greatly expanded its understanding of faculty needs. Cochaired by the Cornell Library and Cornell Information Technologies, the coursework doctorate, campuswide group has representation from the Office of Information Technology (OIT), Center for Learning and Teaching, School for Continuing Education, Communication and Marketing Services, and eCornell.
The working group is exploring how to rationalize service access for faculty interested in using various information technologies to enhance learning and teaching. The goal is to provide faculty with systematic assistance in identifying resources and supply study services in support of their projects. As a part of the Mellon-funded Models for editing papers, Academic Support (MAS) 2010 project, the library has recently completed a survey to determine needs of New York libraries, museums, archives, and historical societies in order to assess the feasibility of developing a fee-based service. The MAS 2010 team is getting ready to administer a campuswide survey to assess the digital asset creation and management needs of the Cornell community. Information about the management study, MAS 2010 project can be found at http://www.library.cornell.edu/MAS/. Specific ways to learn more include. Architecture Thesis. mail surveys, which are relatively inexpensive but have a low return rate and are the least reliable option phone interviews, which provide immediate information but limit the amount of information gained from the recipient, since the interviewee will be reluctant to spend too much time on the phone personal interviews, which can provide extensive information but are the supply study, most expensive option. Market research can also fit into a fund-raising operation. In March 1999, The National Gallery of London, which has a much-admired development office, advertised a position as head of marketing. The National Gallery isn't short of visitors, but will need good data about its visitors, whether individual or corporate.
Without data feeding into UTA admission the fund-raising department, it is hard to prove the Oreach' and hence the value of a partnership with the Gallery (Runyard and chain study cases French 1999, 267). One challenge for a marketing effort is to take measure of the overall environment in about and juliet, which cultural heritage organizations exist. More than a decade ago, United States customers were described as demanding, inquisitive, discriminating, and no longer content with planned obsolescence, no longer willing to tolerate products that break down. They are insisting on high quality goods that save time, energy, and calories; preserve the environment (Rice, 1990). Will the donors, volunteers, and clients of cultural heritage organizations exhibit some of supply cases, these same characteristics? These changes in audiences mean that a cultural heritage institution must discard preconceived notions of audience and constantly monitor its constituents in order to match services and programs with evolving needs and desires. The library or museum must know more about its constituents as they change.
Market research provides those opportunities. For the American Indians of Pacific Northwest Digital Collections project, led by the University of Washington, Betsy Wilson noted, We did informal market research, we asked [questions of] our advisory team made up of historians, tribal leaders, librarians and students. UTA Admission Essay. They helped with the grant proposal. . . . Chain Management Study Cases. We thought we knew how to do it. Cultural heritage organizations must understand the environment in which they are operating. The word environment includes political, economic, technological, and competitive factors. The organization must understand how its constituency views it.
Publicly funded organizations must understand how the voters and legislators view them. UTA Admission Essay. Organizations with donors must understand how their donors view them. One must evaluate one's own programs and study where they fit within the oceanarium architecture, competitive marketplace, deciding which to keep and supply cases which to eliminate, even if the products or services are offered free of charge. Thinking about software competition is an important part of business planning, and the organization might do well to supply management, think in terms of dollars. Any organization trying to gain a portion of consumer dollars, philanthropic or otherwise, has competition (McLeish 1995, 31).
As part of strategic planning, the organization needs to ask a series of questions related to the competition, even if there is no profit-based motive. As Richard Rinehart of the MOAC confesses about the coursework doctorate programs, environment surrounding museum collaboration, There is an inherent competition for glory and resources among institutions that must attract visitors' leisure time and ticket income, as well as scarce public funding. Basic knowledge about the environment and competition also includes the answers to questions such as these: If there are sales involved in the product or service, what is the total marketwide sales volume? In dollars? In units? How many customers does each competitor have, and supply management cases what percentage of the coursework programs, market do they have? What are the sales-volume trends?
Who are the major competitors? Do they charge fees? Who will the future competitors be? What are the competitors' strengths? Weaknesses? What are the competitors' strategies to succeed? What are yours? What technological trends affect cultural heritage institutions? What are the competitors' main modes of promotion? When customer behavior changes, how will institution change?
What are demographic trends affecting the museum and library environments (e.g., an aging population, changing view of libraries by the Internet generation)? What are key financial measures in the museum or library market (e.g., local, state, and federal government funding; changing levels and patterns of fund raising and donations)? Answers to these questions will create a picture of the supply chain, competitive environment and provide information that can be used to develop an action plan. Titles. The Nebraska Historical Society reported visiting a major national commercial digital imaging service as part of its research for creating its own service. The research allowed the society to learn about such things as the technology used, the pricing strategy, and the quality control program of the vendor. It determined that it could not only build a service for its own institution but also offer the service to area libraries and museums. Market research would assist in assessing appropriateness of price levels, product features and supply management functionality, customer support, and other aspects of UTA admission, its service.
On the study cases, basis of market research or needs assessment, a cultural heritage organization can define the service provided and the market in which it will operate, define the scope of its competitive environment, and UTA admission essay expand or limit its offerings or the number of constituencies it will serve. Market segmentation is the process of dividing customers into groups with unique characteristics and needs. On the basis of these data, specific marketing strategies can be developed. Levels of chain management study, market segmentation include undifferentiated or mass marketing, segment marketing, niche marketing, local marketing, and custom written individualized marketing (Kotler 2000, 256?259). Mass marketing, or undifferentiated marketing, treats the study, entire marketplace the same. Coursework Programs. Many cultural heritage institutions take this approach to marketing.
The academic library may initially think it offers the supply chain, same services to all markets; however, further investigation may reveal that it does segment. For example, the library offers a different level of services to faculty and graduate students than it does to high school students. UTA Admission Essay. Segment marketing distinguishes among populations, often by supply chain, offering an coursework doctorate programs, array of products designed to meet differing needs. Alternatively, tailor-made messages may be sent for study cases, marketing the same services to different segments. The prime tool for about shakespeare romeo, this approach is a rich database of marketing information that can be accessed for a variety of services. Niche marketing, or concentrated strategy, focuses on servicing only a few markets. An example might be a children's museum, which would focus its services on chain, children, parents, and educators. The result would be to attract a strong following, investing in that clientele and developing a product offering that is appealing to them. There is a highly defined audience, and essay titles the institution has highly defined goals for reaching that audience. Chain Management. Geographic, or local, marketing may aim at specific neighborhoods. For a local history museum or historical society, this may be a very effective approach.
Walk-in services might also be promoted with this type of marketing, for instance, through promotional flyers directed to specific zip codes. Individual marketing can include mass customization through interactive, Web-based technologies, but it can also open an organization to essay, individual feedback and two-way communication about products and services. Nonprofit groups compete with each other in roughly four areas: programmatic or technical superiority, quality of programs or products, better support services, and price. All four bear further examination (McLeish 1995, 79). Marketing strategy will need to be designed to chain study cases, best place the organization in its competitive market, and software meaning market research will identify the specific needs of these markets. Chain Management Study. Repositioning or repurposing an existing product can expand its life by introducing it to a new market segment. Identifying the specific market segment will also allow the organization to determine the size of the market and determine the technological requirements, such as bandwidth and computer capacity.
For instance, if a collection is to be useful to the home-school audience, limited access to broadband for home users has to be considered in determining the best way to architecture, present large-image files. Richard Rinehart noted that when developing new content there is usually a new market involved, but that the MOAC project did not emphasize development of new markets early on. The California Digital Library was created in response to user demand, users being students and faculty of the University of California, so MOAC already has the target audience; we just brought a different supply side to meet the demand. Within the MOAC project, there were some new audiences, art and anthropology faculty, but there was no systematic means of identify new audiences/markets early on. Most business textbooks have extensive sections on pricing, including many examples that may be useful for nonprofit organizations. To determine whether to develop a product or service, one must determine the cost of creating it. Supply Chain Management Cases. A decision is also needed on whether the written, product should be made available at no cost to the constituency or whether a fee should be charged. In the chain study cases, for-profit environment, the editing papers, cost of management study cases, development is known and the price is determined as a matter of architecture thesis, course. Cultural heritage organizations frequently offer the product or service at management, no cost as part of their public purpose; as a result, they do not use financial management systems to determine the custom written software meaning, total cost of developing and providing the product.
Ideally, business planning should include information on the full cost of providing products and services, even if the organization decides not to management cases, recover that cost. The types of cost data collected should include both direct and custom indirect costs, as illustrated in the following chart. Chain Study Cases. Some projects develop cost models by dividing total costs by the number of UTA admission essay, digital images or objects generated for the product or service. While this may be a relatively easy method of cost assessment, it is supply chain cases not fully accurate. Instead, the organization should take an approach that includes not only the expenses just noted but also capital expenses.
Hardware and software must be depreciated over coursework doctorate a period of time that generally extends beyond the timeframe for a single project. When amortized, project costs will vary. Other questions to ask include the following: Is the initial investment intended to be used for supply study, other projects? Was product research included in the overall cost? Have staff costs been appropriately allocated to the project? Are staffing costs higher than anticipated because of the learning curve or delays in the product development? (This will drive up project and product cost and coursework doctorate could have an impact on the cost per item if the simple calculation method noted above is used.) Cultural heritage organizations with a great deal of experience in creating digital projects and chain study cases services are keenly aware of how quickly the essay, overall formula for establishing cost can change. John Wilkin of the University of Michigan observed, We're always looking at our costs. We develop and refine the supply, cost models on essay, a monthly basis, looking at the unit costs and supply chain the trends. Another formula for pricing is brief but thorough: Price= Image +Service+Product+Overhead+Profit+Risk (Bangs 2002, 73). Costs are associated with all elements of this intriguing formula. It addresses program costs such as marketing and advertising (image), costs related to creation and delivery of the essay, services provided, and costs related to supply management cases, the indirect or overhead of editing papers, operating the chain study cases, organization providing the service.
It includes a profit margin. Finally, the costs of taking the risk to UTA admission, offer the service and of the potential lost opportunity are included in this formula. When determining pricing, one must consider marketplace conditions, not solely the cost of producing the supply, product. These conditions include the competitive environment, what the competition is charging, what the customer will pay, and an approach to cost recovery over time. Perceived value may play a role in setting pricing, and if the perceived value is very high, the romeo and juliet, actual cost of creating the product may not be highly related to pricing strategy. Some organizations may establish a low price and chain study cases sell a high quantity of a product. This approach is generally successful only written, when the product has become a commodity and there are few remaining competitors. Cultural heritage institutions, with their unique physical collections and environment, will not evolve to a point where products become commodities and there are few competitors remaining in the field.
It is, however, possible that digitization services, such as high-quality print, could be a commodity offered by management study cases, only a few competitors. The marketing literature generally discusses distribution in essay about and juliet, terms of physical place. However, most digital asset management products or services provided by cultural heritage organizations are distributed through their institutional Web sites, and the traditional image of the cases, library or the museum as a building alone has become outdated. The library that seeks to foster an image of being essential to the community and on the cutting edge of about shakespeare, information provision cannot afford to be tied exclusively to yesterday's paradigm of service -(Weingand 1998, 113). In addition to the institution's Web site, several other distribution strategies may be considered, including partnerships with for-profit organizations, collaborative initiatives such as the supply study, AMICO or the UTA admission essay, CDP, and partnerships in which one partner is responsible for distribution. Chain Management. The University of oppression essay titles, Virginia has an management, interesting partnership with ProQuest Information and Learning Limited (formerly Chadwyck-Healey) under which ProQuest Information distributes the licensed version of the university's Early American Fiction collections. ProQuest Information is responsible for sales, publicity, development of promotional materials, determination of the marketplace, and distribution of the licensed product. The University of architecture thesis, Virginia distributes the product free of charge to its faculty and students and to those of other academic institutions in chain study cases, the state through the Virtual Library of Virginia (VIVA). Nontraditional partnerships such as this one are emerging in the digital environment but are still rare. Distribution channels are responsible for about shakespeare romeo and juliet, getting the product to the marketplace.
Questions to consider include: Where is the best place to sell the product? Will audiences find the product without an aggressive distribution channel, or must such a channel be created? What barriers to distribution might exist, including technological barriers, such as bandwidth capacity, and supply study cases barriers to penetration into rural communities and developing nations? Most organizations are taking a relatively passive approach to product sales—offering online ordering of editing papers, prints or digital copies of images from their Web sites. More-complicated product licensing programs, marketing initiatives, sales programs, and conference exhibit schedules are emerging. Sales, while integral to a business plan, is not a topic addressed in this paper. There is ample literature on establishing a sales program, but there are few examples in the cultural heritage community of supply chain management study, sales as the primary basis of sustainability. When the topic of custom software, sales is supply study present in essay titles, the business plan, it should be approached with sensitivity to the values and mission of the supply management, organization. Before an organization can determine which communication or promotional tools to use, it has to have an image or message for a product, service, experience, or organization to thesis, promote (Kotler and Kotler 1998, 219). It must be something the user will respond to, find appealing, want to purchase, or participate in.
Today's marketing experts talk about supply management study brand image or brand identity . These are shortcuts to attract attention and build familiarity, trust, or expectation of benefit. An effective image works like a funnel, directing a flow of attention and regularly bringing consumers to an organization's . . . corner whenever the consumer has a need for that type of product or service (Kotler and Kotler 1998, 219). Brand image or identity is a visual symbol or logo or a message conveyed through a slogan or tag line. There is more to a communication plan than branding. A full communication plan includes a range of promotional strategies and activities targeted to a specific audience and has a specific set of messages based on the benefits to be derived by editing papers, those users, as defined by the needs assessment and market research or needs assessment. There are four basic tool sets of a promotion plan: advertising, which includes print and broadcast ads, mailings, catalogs, newsletters, brochures, posters, billboards, symbols and logos, and other print products public relations, including press kits, speeches, seminars, annual reports, sponsorships, publications, lobbying, and media relations direct marketing, such as direct mail, telemarketing, integrated direct marketing, and database marketing sales promotion, including gifts and supply study premiums, discounts, gift shops, redemption coupons, and oppression tickets. It is commonly thought that the refrain from Field of Dreams , If you will build it, they will come holds true for all digital assets, and that making something available through a Web site represents effective and adequate marketing. More can be done with a Web site to enhance a communication plan. An Internet marketing plan can include anything from naming the product with the Internet in mind—for example the chain cases, Colorado Virtual Library—to using e-mail alerts (selectively, of doctorate, course) to do digital publications (Bayne 1997). Many of these communication tools could be more extensively used by supply study cases, libraries and museums, and could be built into a promotional plan for digital asset products and services. This is something many libraries and museums simply neglect.
Even the MOAC project did not put significant resources into marketing, We had a good plan for doctorate, developing the content, but we haven't successfully reached out to supply chain management study, let the professional community know that it's available to editing papers, them. We had a built-in audience; marketing to them was overlooked in supply management cases, the early stages, commented Rinehart of MOAC. A specific response is written software desired by the promotional product and should be spelled out in the communication plan. A timeframe for each activity should also be noted in supply chain management, the plan. Editing Papers. The communication plan has an impact on the budget, and each component of the plan is likely to have associated expenses, such as advertising costs. Organizational structure can have a substantial impact on a variety of sustainability issues. The way in which digital activity fits into the organization, and supply chain management cases communicates with it, directly affects the written meaning, likelihood of ongoing success. The efficiency of the organizational map for the digital service or program can also affect staffing, equipment, marketing, and management other business elements. When there is a separate unit, it is essential to define the about shakespeare and juliet, role of the unit and its collaborators within the organization as a whole.
The model adopted at the University of management study, Michigan is just one example of how central funding for a part of the unit's operation can be augmented through projects or partnerships. The unit's business plan is based on several sources of funding, each of UTA admission, which is appropriate for the organizational plan. At the University of Washington, the position of the digital initiative unit in the library has changed, reflecting changing needs. The unit began as a SWAT team of five people who guided projects across different parts of the library, worked on technical and metadata standards, managed fiscal aspects of projects, watched for emerging technology, and trained staff. However, there was a strong desire to ensure that this group be recognized and integrated across the library system. We learned that we needed a centralized unit to supply study cases, steer the digitizing work within the library, said Betsy Wilson.
This model fit the needs of UTA admission, a single institution in a partnership relationship with other organizations. In contrast, the MOAC took a highly decentralized approach to organization. The CDL Online Archive of California (OAC) provided the technical infrastructure for the Encoded Archival Description (EAD) Finding Aids project that the management, 11 participating museums used for their project. The goal of the programs, initial grant was to see whether museums throughout California could create an integrated, online collection of finding aids for chain management cases, the museum collections, sharing the OAC infrastructure and adapting the EAD finding aid environment to museums. An IMLS grant was awarded to the CDL, and minigrants were awarded to the museums. The 11 museums created digital images and finding aids and submitted the data to the OAC. Rinehart, project manager for MOAC, notes, One of the biggest findings is that we spent a lot of UTA admission, time figuring out how museums could contribute content to one central portal [OAC.
Later we began] to enable museums to supply management cases, become more capable at editing papers, creating digital stuff and sharing it. [We needed to] show [that] each museum can share its information in more than one portal, instead of focusing exclusively on the centralized portal [OAC]. We looked back up the chain at each individual institution and asked, OWhat can we do to help them?' The focus on individual museums is further exemplified by Rinehart's comments on outsourcing: Each individual museum was responsible for digitizing its own content. Some outsourced and some didn't. Individual institutions made their own [staffing] decisions; only one museum hired someone just for the project. On the topic of budgets, Rinehart explained, It's up to the museum; each came up with its own budget. And, finally, regarding sustainability: Museums that are part of the supply chain management cases, University of California system will receive some support from the system; the CDL will have to pay for more server storage, tools, etc. Programs. Museums are now on their own in terms of budgeting; each museum will decide that.
So many other projects have spun off the MOAC; other grants have been developed. The organization of the management study cases, CDP, like that of the programs, MOAC, is decentralized, yet the program provides centralized services such as training and consulting services, along with infrastructure, such as regional digital imaging labs and management study a centralized metadata database. Oppression Essay. CDP Executive Director Liz Bishoff notes, I concur with Rinehart's comments on the need to supply chain management study, put more emphasis on oppression essay, what individual institutions need. We need to put effort on what the individual institution needs, figure out what they need, and decide what standards they can afford to produce. Every program or service needs physical space. This includes space for staff, equipment, and management storage of supplies, both for the initial product or service development and for ongoing operations. Because space must be budgeted for, detailed information about space requirements must be provided and thesis decisions made as to chain management study cases, whether existing space can be used, whether it must be rented or remodeled, or whether construction must be undertaken. We had to find room in special collections to oppression essay, house two cameras and the staff for digitizing books that could not be removed from special collections, noted Karin Wittenborg of the University of Virginia. Special consideration must be given to supply, the resources that are being digitized from museums and libraries. Their fragile nature may preclude shipping them to vendors or even moving them to different parts of the essay, building or campus.
If rental space is required, brokerage fees and cases moving costs must be included. The business plan must specify all required equipment, including furniture and computer technology, and whether it is to be purchased or leased. Depending on the cost, the coursework, equipment may be amortized over a period of years. Management. The organization's finance and information technology departments should be consulted regarding the recommended amortization periods. Telecommunications, general computing, digital imaging, and oppression essay titles digital rights management software should be included in the equipment required, as should user authentication and digital watermarking software, if it will be used. Digital asset management programs depend heavily on planning for appropriate technology. Issues to supply chain study, be considered in the business plan include technology costs related to standards compliance; interoperability with partners or national activities; migration of operating systems and hardware platforms, data migration, and preservation; and authentication.
Larry Alford of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill reported, We . . Architecture. . migrate data, back up data, and provide sufficient staff to maintain the service. That comes out of the library's operating funds and is part of chain management study, a business plan for oppression essay, sustainability that does not include generating revenue. Other institutions are likely to decide that the costs of such infrastructure should be offset by revenue of some kind. The business plan must address the staffing needed to complete the project, including the degree of needed technical capacity and managerial competence. It should indicate who would be the project director and make certain that this person has the responsibility and authority for completion of the project.
The plan should include brief descriptions of other key management positions and chain study cases personnel requirements. It should indicate what positions are new hires and what individuals will be reassigned from essay existing positions. Some activities are best outsourced and supply cases should be indicated as such. Staffing is a major expense for cultural heritage institutions. The budget documents should include not only salary but also fringe benefits for permanent and temporary staff associated with both the oppression essay titles, development and chain management ongoing support of the product or service. At the WRLC, the need for expert staff drove members to support a central service. Lizanne Payne recalled, One of our obstacles was the need for staff expertise in each library. It seemed to make more sense to develop that expertise centrally—to have a few centrally located staff with expertise— rather than assuming that each library would develop staff with metadata and scanning expertise.
It seemed like a logical place for the consortial organization to start, since some of the libraries had already started digitization but not on oceanarium architecture thesis, a large scale. The decision to create a shared infrastructure helped the member libraries avoid considerable expense. Similar arrangements, wherein members contribute different kinds of staff expertise, are evident at the University of Washington and in other projects described on the CDP Web site. 7. In the study, University of Southern California Digital Library Program, Marianne Afifi reported, we're finding a need to track what people are doing. We're having to become more formalized, take a project management approach. Custom Software. Before we start, we'll do an analysis of whose time is going to be involved and how much. We do a better job of supply chain management study cases, tracking resources—money, time, etc. It helps us to prioritize projects. Custom Written. Almost every project noted that a full-time project manager was needed.
Wittenborg at the University of Virginia commented, It would have helped to have a project manager assigned to the project full-time from the beginning and to have one department responsible for the whole project from the outset. Hiring a full-time digitization coordinator to chain management cases, be responsible for the imaging schedule and quality control helped to improve the efficiency of the custom, project. We should have incorporated staff turnover into the time we budgeted to complete the digitization project. By its nature, a digitization project or service is likely to have copyright and intellectual property issues associated with it that other projects undertaken by supply chain, cultural heritage institutions do not face. Laura Gasaway, a leading copyright expert, articulates several reasons for creating a university copyright ownership policy, and many of editing papers, these apply to supply chain management cases, digitization projects (Gasaway 2002). In general, copyright is designed to encourage research, scholarship, and the creation of new knowledge.
The policy should. protect the institution's interests protect the faculty, archivists, curators, and librarians or other -creators deal with issues before disputes arise. Specific issues to shakespeare romeo and juliet, be addressed in a higher education setting would include the following: work-for-hire considerations, a particularly important issue for supply chain, museum photographers, library and museum Web designers, exhibit designers, and education resource creators deeds of oceanarium architecture, gifts that ensure the institution has the cases, rights needed to architecture thesis, undertake the digital asset presentation activities copyright for educational programs, including the Technology, Education, and Copyright Harmonization (TEACH) Act and best practices related to library reserves; copyright permission procedures; and supply management cases special issues in titles, the copyright arena, such as those related to music and other performances the Native American Graves Repatriation Act, a key issue for most museums. Generally, a copyright policy is supply chain study developed by oceanarium thesis, a team, including faculty members or curators, librarians or archivists, board members, and legal counsel. Legal counsel experienced with copyright and intellectual property rights and, in particular, with fair-use issues, is preferable. Chain Management Study. Few, if any, certainties can be found in the area of copyright and fair use, although guidance is available and oceanarium architecture case law is emerging slowly. If a cultural heritage organization is participating in a collaborative initiative, there are additional legal issues.
Further, there are different considerations 8 for managing digital versions of published and supply chain study cases unpublished resources. Another expert on rights and fair use is editing papers Georgia Harper, who has mounted an extensive set of policy and instructional pages on the University of Texas Web site. Many of these are extremely helpful for all kinds of organizations with a public mission. Although the advice and briefings were prepared for a higher education environment, museums and other cultural heritage organizations would benefit from the information available in Harper's publication Crash Course in Copyright (Harper 2001). While the business plan is not intended to articulate every element of a rights management plan, it should address aspects of intellectual property, copyright, and other legal issues that entail risk and cost. If a cultural heritage institution is considering creating a digital resource to sell, it is particularly critical to supply chain study, know about rights. While intellectual property law changes frequently, the basic principles are outlined by Lesley Ellen Harris, a media copyright attorney, in her book Digital Property (1998). More information on rights issues specifically related to digital assets can be found in doctorate, chapter IV of the supply chain, NINCH Guide to Good Practice (2002). Two concise guides to the decision-making process related to public domain resources are available from Laura Gasaway's Web site (Gasaway 2003) and from the Michigan Library Consortium (2003). Many museums and libraries are incorporating their digital initiatives into their operating budgets. Institutions should consider developing a separate financial plan for written meaning, the digital asset management program.
The financial plan provides decision makers with a better understanding of the true costs of digitization. It also provides the type of financial information needed to support a grant application. Should the organization decide to develop fee-based services, some of the information required for pricing those services will be available in this plan. The financial component of the business plan covers a three- to five-year period and has revenue and expense components. The revenue component includes all revenue streams. For example, a library could be offering a consulting and training service that is one revenue stream, software service that is another business, licensing of digital assets as another business, and chain management study grants and donations as another revenue stream. Projections for years beyond those covered in oppression essay titles, the plan are usually based on historical trends; however, with new products, estimates have to be based on market research, discussions with customers or potential customers, and contracts. Inflation needs to be built in, as do price increases. On the study, expense side, all costs associated with the above-noted components are reflected, along with salaries and custom written software fringe benefits, equipment, facilities, legal and accounting activities, production costs (where outsourced), promotion costs (printing of brochures, Web site design and development), sales costs, and exhibit costs. The costs of content creation should also be included.
It is important that a nonprofit organization budget for future development and equipment replacement. Jill Koelling of the Nebraska Historical Society reported that their budget office has done a thorough job of budget planning. The budget shows revenue and expense with excess revenue over expense allowing for supply chain, equipment replacement. Essay And Juliet. Product Evaluation and Usability Assessment. Evaluation is an important component of a business plan, and it should be done on a regular basis. Use is one important measurement for many digital product and service programs. Karin Wittenborg noted, Our measures of success for the Early American Fiction product are based mainly on usage data of the materials from the Electronic Text Center site and on chain study, the income from UTA admission ProQuest licensing royalties. Evaluation of the program or service's effectiveness must be done from the supply chain study, perspective of constituents, including funders and users. Romeo. Many interviewees reported that they rely on usability labs to test their Web sites. The University of Washington Libraries staff reported that they have a nice usability lab and run everything through it, testing the interface. Supply Chain Management Cases. Product usability is a critical component of product development and should be used during various stages of product development, including product design, prototyping, and testing.
Customer-satisfaction surveys are effective tools to editing papers, evaluate current or new users of a product or service, board members, and staff. Some can be done using the Internet, and some are done on-site, using point-of-use survey instruments. The Denver Museum of Nature and Science's Kris Haglund reported that the museum conducts a set of evaluations of the final product with focus groups representing various market segments (teachers, lifelong learners, the cases, general public). Institutions should consider what of their existing infrastructure can be used to evaluate a digital initiative, rather than reinvent the custom written software, wheel. 8 See the wide range of papers and resources available through the NINCH Copyright Town Meeting series and the resources associated with the Digital Copyright Workshops.
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Essay: Adult nursing – circulating nurse. This essay aims to explore an aspect in chain management my practice in adult nursing. Thesis. I have selected the roles and responsibilities of the supply management cases, circulating nurse in the perioperative setting. I have carefully picked this topic because as a future qualified theatre practitioner, being knowledgeable in the extensive duty of a circulating nurse is essential to essay about, be competent in my placement. Working in a specialised unit such as the theatre is not a surprise to be challenging.
There have been several researches, journals and supply management, articles in the field of nursing however, the roles of essay, perioperative nursing particularly that of the circulating nurse are not clearly identified. The two primary functions of the runner are acting as the patient advocate and preserving patient safety. This essay will cover these two roles on how the supply chain, circulating nurse will carry this out in practice. Moreover, this essay will examine the circulating nurse’s function in maintaining safety to architecture, other members of the surgical team and chain management, identify their responsibilities and about, discuss measures that encompasses their practice. 1. It is the duty of the circulating nurse to examine the medical equipment, check availability of instrument sets, cleaning the theatre and resupplying of supply management, consumable stocks. Nurses are familiar with the importance of preparing, cleaning and resupplying of the theatre (Murphy, 2002a). Before the start of any surgical procedure, the runner must ensure that the theatre is set up accordingly. This includes such things as checking medical equipment needed for the surgery are readily available and functions appropriately. For instance, the overhead light, diathermy and custom written, suction machine are switched on and are tested to be working properly; decontaminating the theatre according to trust policy; lining the bins with color coded plastic bags; making sure operating table is working properly and discussing with the chain management study, scrub nurse the UTA admission essay, correct set up of the furniture and equipment in the theatre ready for the procedure.
Equipment that are to be used to position the patient must also be prepared; restocking the supplies such as the swabs, drapes, gowns and other needed disposables that are normally used; sets to chain management study cases, be used are discussed with the essay, scrub nurse and are brought in the theatre. In line with this, inspection of the expiration dates of instrument sterility and supply cases, supplies are also checked. Murphy (2002b) explains that although these habits of cleaning the rooms and equipment seemed tedious, they are essential measures in promoting patient safety. Editing Papers. Ensuring a safe environment for every patient is critical for it is our legal duty as nurses. Supply Study. As healthcare providers, we must know or lower the editing papers, potential risks of danger of our patient (NMC, 2015a). By doing routine checks before surgery commences, we are effectively exercising our roles to supply chain study cases, preserve patient safety. 2. Carry out the UTA admission essay, Surgical Safety Checklist. Implementation of the World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklist is a vital practice in supply management cases the theatre. As the circulating nurse, one must be able to understand the content of the manual to carry out the checklist in each patient for surgery.
During sign in, the patient is identified by the anaesthetist together with the Operating Department Practitioner, the procedure and UTA admission essay, the surgical site is confirmed and most importantly, the consent is checked. This step is crucial so as not to operate on the wrong patient, site or procedure (WHO, 2008). In this step, we also need to check on the site mark, this is another way to make sure surgery is supply chain management cases, done on the correct site. Additionally, the safety of providing anaesthetics is verified with the anaesthetist. Coursework Doctorate Programs. This includes inspection of anaesthetic equipment, verification of drug- related concerns and overall safety of the patient particularly the patient’s airway. Ensuring the patient is hooked to the patient monitor before giving anaesthetic drugs and verifying patient’s drug or food allergies are also included in this segment. During time out, everyone in the surgical team is halted briefly to make sure all vital checks were carried out chain management cases (WHO, 2008a). In this stage, everyone in editing papers the theatre introduces their name and role, the anaesthetist and surgeon is asked for any anticipated events that might be crucial intraoperatively so the team can prepare the necessary drugs, equipment, instruments and resources to prevent any complications. Furthermore, the sterility of instruments is verified with the scrub nurse, the surgeon is chain management cases, asked for oppression essay the need of antimicrobial to decrease risk of supply chain management, surgical site infection and lastly, the need for shakespeare romeo and juliet essential imaging is added in for surgeons requiring them for review.
The last phase can be done by the runner, surgeon or the anaesthetist and should be accomplished with the presence of the management study cases, surgeon (WHO, 2008b). Sign out encompasses the following: verification of the surgical procedure with the surgeon and the theatre team, confirmation of the correct counting of instruments, swabs and needles, verification of specimens labelling, concerns with regards the equipment and instruments are dealt with and theatre team is asked about recovery concerns of the patient. Nurses must work cooperatively with others by custom written, delivering effective communication and disclose information to the team to distinguish possible problems (NMC, 2015b). Implementation of the WHO checklist is the best time to collaborate with other members of the team. We must not assume anything without delivering it to the multidisciplinary team involved as communication errors are the most common grounds of blunder in the healthcare field.
If information is not passed to supply study cases, the right person, errors are very likely to occur and this can be critical to the safety of the patient. 3. Competently handle and manage specimens according to local procedures. The RCN (2012) describes that proper collection, handling and labelling of specimens is vital as the property of specimen obtained has propositions for essay any microbiological diagnosis that may be reported. To conform to the local policy of University Hospital of Lewisham (2009), the following guidelines must be observed: ‘ Once the management study, specimen is architecture thesis, taken from the supply chain management, patient’s body, the scrub nurse will confirm with the surgeon the type of specimen collected and where it is to be sent. For instance, it will be sent for histology or microbiology.
‘ Specimen must be secured in a durable container with cap and must be free of contaminants. Container must be adequately labelled with patient’s details, type of specimen and date of collection. In cases where there is more than one specimen, bottles should be numbered. ‘ Theatre staff must not remove specimen in the operating room without having the Surgeon confirm the specimen labelling and clinical details are written by the Surgeon himself on the request forms. ‘ The circulating and scrub nurse will check together the oppression essay titles, content and expiration of fixatives if the specimen is to be placed in formal saline and ensure that it covers the sample adequately. ‘ Specimen pots must be placed in a sealable plastic container and if there is a risk for infection, plastic bag should be labelled to alert other healthcare workers. ‘ Specimen must be documented on the register by management study, two theatre staff wherein one is a qualified practitioner. Standard infection control measures should be practiced by healthcare staffs who have direct exposure to bodily fluids, blood and secretions of patients (European Biosafety Network, 2010). Safer working practices include performing hand hygiene, making use of personal protective equipment based on judgment of exposure to bodily fluids and adherence to trust’s safe handling and management of specimens. 4. Titles. Implement precautionary actions for infection control. Infection control should fundamentally focus on prevention (J.
Rothrock et al, 2015). The spread of microorganisms follows a sequence of supply chain study, events and oppression, prevention is highly achievable if healthcare workers break the chain. Infection control practices of the unsterile worker in the theatre, whom is the circulating nurse, is achievable when adherence to the following sections are presented: ‘ Proficient in proper disposal of supply chain management study, wastes and sharps. Sharps which includes needles, syringes, scalpels and broken glass must be disposed in a specifically designed container intended for it. Healthcare staff must be knowledgeable of the different sharp disposal color coding: Orange lidded disposals are used solely for sharps not contaminated with cytotoxic products while yellow lidded containers are used for architecture sharps contaminated with prescription only medicines and equipment.
The Health and Safety (Sharp Instruments in Healthcare) Regulations (2013) has come up with guidelines to manage sharp injury prevention and control in ways such as finding alternatives to cases, utilise sharps or if unavoidable, use safer sharps; never recapping needles after use; and ensuring sharp containers are placed close to coursework doctorate programs, work area. In addition, the following standard actions should be taken by clinical staffs to prevent and reduce inoculation injury (Infection and Control Team, 2011): Sharp boxes should not be overfilled above the mark that signifies it is filled; sharp boxes must be labelled properly with the date and name of staff who assembled it; sharp containers should be placed in a safe location, above ground level favourably hanged on the wall; sharp disposals should temporarily be closed when not in use or when brought to work area. Though circulators are not directly in contact with needles and sharps intraoperatively, one should know the action to take in the event of an inoculation injury. Immediately after the injury, encourage bleeding of site without squeezing. Wash it thoroughly, dry it and apply dressing. Report to line manager and complete filling out risk assessment form. Supply Cases. Finally, go to A#038;E. Circulating nurses must also identify the correct waste receptacles for proper segregation. Yellow bag are to be used for clinical waste for incineration while Orange bag are used for oppression titles infectious waste which will be needing treatment or may be managed under incineration. These UN approved bags must be used properly according to wastes intended for its use (NHS, 2010). Additionally, white bags in the theatre are for chain management disposable materials.
Proper segregation of wastes is crucial in the clinical setting to editing papers, prevent cross contamination (Department of Health, 2004). To accomplish it, employees must be have a continuous training programme for adherence to policies. In the theatre, safe waste disposal must also be guaranteed to those handling clinical wastes by wearing appropriate personal protective equipment. The bag should be removed from container when ?? full and closed with securement tag or with a bag tie. Bins should be lined with new bags after every procedure. Finally, it must be placed in a storage area for collection such as the supply chain cases, dirty utility.
‘ Ensure cleaning and disinfecting of the theatre for each patient. Contamination in the theatre can happen from different sources. The room must be cleaned to establish a safe environment to every patient. To fulfil this, theatre staff nurse evaluates the cleanliness of the room and about, initiates disinfecting the theatre if needed (AORN, 2013). The theatre room must be kept to a minimum to decrease air turbulence and the possibility of contamination. Thus doors must be kept shut once the surgery begins.
Regular cleaning and supply management study, disinfecting of theatre environment aids in preventing surgical site infections and protects the oppression titles, entire theatre team from exposure to transmittable microorganisms. Before the start of the supply management cases, first procedure, the room ought to be dusted with the approved local disinfectant. While the surgery is ongoing, theatre practitioners need to keep contaminants to shakespeare romeo and juliet, a certain area inside the theatre. For instance, swabs need to be placed in a plastic receptacle and be covered when handling them for chain management study cases collection. Personal protective equipment should be observed when doing so. Finally, after every procedure color coded receptacles need to be discarded as well as scalpels used should go in the approved sharps boxes (OSHA, 2001).
‘ Vigilant of traffic control- knows sterility circu. ‘ Observe universal, standard and transmission based precautions. Healthcare professionals are at risk of getting blood-borne diseases such as HIV, AIDS, Hepatitis B and C. Although theatre practitioners are aware of the about romeo and juliet, importance of wearing personal protective equipment, more often than not safeguards are set aside to function quicker during busy theatre procedures. Thus, it is essential to reinforce precautionary measures to theatre practitioners. The following has been recommended by the Center for supply chain Disease Control (2007) under the ‘Guideline for Isolation Precautions’ and architecture, requires healthcare workers to ensure practice of standard precautionary measures: a. Blood and bodily fluids are considered potentially infectious and needs standard precautionary measures. b. During invasive procedures standard precautions should be applied. c. Execute standard precaution for specimen handling as they are regarded as theoretically infectious. d. Apply standard precaution for management and disinfecting equipment. e. Carry out standard precaution for disposal of clinical rubbish and sharps. The most important form of preventing spread of pathogens is by cases, performing handwashing.
It needs to be done between patient contact, after handling of blood and UTA admission essay, body fluids and before invasive procedures. The use of PPE such as gloves, apron, goggles and masks are indispensable tools to protect yourself and your patient in the perioperative phase. However healthcare staff need to remember when to change PPE to stop spread of infectious organisms (Dix K, 2001). Correspondingly, transmission based precautions needs to be used for chain study patients with known transmittable diseases such as airborne, droplet and custom written, contact infections. 5. Execute proper handling and supply management, movement of patient. The Association of Surgical Technologist (2014) defines the aim of surgical positioning as to custom meaning, deliver ideal visualisation of and access to the surgical site that causes the chain management cases, least physiological compromise, while preventing injury to patient’s skin and joints. If not done correctly, patient is at risk of formation of pressure sores, injure skin integrity, and trigger neuromuscular problems. To prevent any injury to romeo and juliet, the patient during transfer, his/her body must be moved as a whole unit.
Moreover, knowledge, planning and teamwork of the surgical team are the key components to supply management study, a successful transfer of the patient. The AORN (2008) recommends the following procedures when performing patient positioning in the theatre: ‘ Before patient is brought in the theatre, position to be used must be identified and discussed with the surgeon. ‘ Ensure any necessary equipment is available and cleaned for safe transfer of patient and is in UTA admission working order. ‘ A dedicated theatre practitioner should coordinate to ensure safe transfer of patient to bed. ‘ After skin preparation, theatre staff must check correct body alignment and skin integrity of patient and be recorded in documentation. Every healthcare practitioner must ensure patient safety to avoid the preventable complications mentioned from mal-positioning. Planning for patient transfer and positioning is crucial in the theatre and it must be done in a safe and syncronised manner with other team members.
There should be enough staff to supply chain study, help in moving the patient to the bed. It is also essential to check the patient preoperatively and postoperatively to oppression essay, assess for signs of mal-positioning problems. 6. Record keeping to include counting of swabs, instruments and supply management study, sharps. Documentation is an essential aspect in the healthcare practice and the theatre is not exempted from it. Apart from improving the perioperative practice, record-keeping has also played a significant role in legal and professional incidents. NMC (2015c) emphasizes that nurses must ‘keep clear and about shakespeare, accurate records relevant to your practice’. As nurses, it is part of our professional duties that we owe to our patients so we can deliver efficient care and uphold safety. Healthcare workers should observe the principles of good record keeping (NMC, 2009) which consist of writing entries legibly and accurately, following local policies with regards to documentation, entries should be factual and no alterations nor falsification should be made, and when feasible, patients should be included in the documentation process. Chain Study Cases. As the runner in the theatre, it is their responsibility to ensure the documentation is done correctly and is reviewed by the scrub nurse after the surgery. Nurses should work collaboratively with other colleagues to evaluate practice and of the entire team (NMC, 2015d).
There are a wide range of perioperative records and it encompasses the following (AFPP, 2011): The theatre care plan which embraces the pre, intra and post-operative care of the patient. This can be a combination of electronic and paper record that provides a complete note of the patient in oppression the perioperative phase and sometimes covers implants used and decontamination labels from sets used in chain management study the procedure. The count which is documenting items used during surgery. UTA Admission. It includes putting entries in the white board, in supply chain cases the theatre register and the care plan.
The counting sheet requires the scrub and circulating nurse’s signature who have done the count to verify complete counting of shakespeare romeo, items used and identify staffs who have been on supply the team. The safe surgery checklist which is an essential aspect in the perioperative period. During Time out, the surgical team pauses to discuss areas relating to patient care and safety prior to starting the procedure. Generally, in comparison from my previous practice in the Philippines, due to lack of essay, resources, management of infection control has still a few steps to go to management cases, equally be highly regarded to the practice here in the United Kingdom. Essay. I feel that the practice in the Philippines puts their healthcare workers at risks by supply chain study cases, not providing adequate gears to coursework, safeguard themselves. I extremely admire how the NHS makes available the appropriate supplies to bring about safety to those receiving care, to healthcare workers and those working in cases the hospitals susceptible to clinical wastes. On the other hand, the oppression, responsibilities of a circulating nurse in supply chain cases the Philippines is comparable to the practice here in the UK. However as new practitioners, learning the local protocols and coursework, general system of healthcare should be identified and learned. All the theatre responsibilities I have stated are important.
Though the chain, one segment I feel is the focal point in the perioperative phase to promote safety of the patient is the implementation of the WHO checklist. According to WHO (2008c), many might find it as an essay titles unnecessary tool and wish to proceed directly to surgery. As O’Conner et al points out that the barriers to completing the checklist are the cases, requirement for signatures, lack of time and assertiveness of staff. Doctorate Programs. Moreover, poor teamwork and the timing of when the checklist is carried out are highlighted as barriers (O’Conner et al, 2013). NPSA (2009) expounds that the WHO checklist should be used to all patients (in-patients and day case) who will undergo a surgery, needing general or local anaesthetics. Thus, by covering the WHO checklist to each patients, we are evaluating altogether in a quick and comprehensive way the perioperative issues such as completeness of surgical count and site marking. To sum up, the circulating nurse has a massive role in the theatre that begins pre-, intra- and supply chain management study, post- operatively to oppression titles, sustain patient’s safety as well as the study, rest of the surgical team. Programs. By ensuring the theatre is equipped with the supply chain management, necessary tools and materials prior to the first procedure, executing the Surgical Safety Checklist and other documentations, following the local policy for managing specimens, adhering to about shakespeare, infection control procedures and practicing proper handling techniques when moving patients, circulating nurses are actively committed in performing their role in management study the perioperative team. To review the competencies and adherence of theatre practitioners to common procedures that a circulating nurse normally does, I aspire to assemble a lecture in my placement in oppression essay the University Hospital of supply chain management study, Lewisham main theatres during clinical audit with regards the topic I have selected. I am certain that by doing so, it will invigorate and oceanarium architecture, promote the skills and knowledge of my colleagues and correct wrong methods of implementation of chain cases, staffs who need induction.
Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Health essay, dissertation or piece of custom software, coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to supply chain study cases, help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to editing papers, your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Health work in your email box, in management cases as little as 3 hours. This Health essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Adult nursing – circulating nurse . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/health/essay-adult-nursing-circulating-nurse/ [06-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal:
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