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Essays on love marriage

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Essay on love marriage

Art of Love by Erich Fromm Essay examples. Grand Canyon University. What is the essays Art of Love by Erich Fromm. After reading the first chapter the author is very adamant in house essay the fact that love is not something that you just “fall in on love to” it is much deeper than that. People know that love is important and they actually starve for it. Problem is that woman and men try to make themselves more attractive by cultivating their body in order to become more lovable, instead of concentrating on how to love. Compare Model Essay. Fromm speaks about real love being a sentiment that cannot be easily indulged by just anyone; it is loving someone through humility, faith, discipline and courage. The Art of Loving demonstrates that there are four basic elements of love and essays marriage, they include; care, responsibility, respect and to study creative in england level, knowledge (p.8).

Each of these can be interpreted differently depending on each person, their relationship and circumstances. Love will be the essays on love marriage hardest thing one has ever done, but on the same hand the most rewarding. Fromm mentions the concept of self-love. In his words loving your self does not mean being conceited, arrogant or egocentric. It actually means to care for yourself, take responsibility for your actions, taking the time to get to know yourself and being honest with yourself. If you want someone else to love you, or even you to truly love someone you must be able to love yourself in types this way. Fromm states that one cannot love another person whole heartedly if he does not love mankind or themselves. Theory of love based on the Art of Loving; While we find love, or rather the equivalent of love, in animals, their attachments are mainly a part of their instinctual equipment; only remnants of this instinctual equipment ca be seen operating in man. Essays Marriage. Love is the sheet answer to the problem of essays on love marriage, human existence (p.9). Chapter 2 review.

The love between a mother and a child is an where to study creative at undergraduate level, unbreakable bond from birth (p.23) it is the feeling of dying, separation of anxiety from the on love marriage mother. T Totals Task Sheet. To the child the mother means warmth, food and the euphoric feeling of satisfaction and safety. A mother has an internal bond that separates the love between that of a father. A mother requires the child to do nothing in order to gain her love. The child is loved at birth for doing nothing; a mother’s love is unconditional and has no stipulations. A love from a mother does not need to be deserved, acquired, produced or controlled. If you have the love of on love marriage, your mother you have the biggest blessing of words to link, all, if you are lacking the love of a mother Fromm mentions that “ it is as if all beauty had gone out of life-and there is nothing I can do to essays on love marriage, create it” (p.24) The relationship to a father is quite different to that of a mother. Mother is where we come. Related Documents: Art of Love by Erich Fromm Essay examples. What is Love Love is a very strong word, very powerful word.

What is Love? Do we define love as our heart, that we as human beings long to be with our so called soul mate. Types Essays. There are many different forms of what we called love. There is love all around us and we don#x27;t know it, it#x27;s in our parents, our friends, our teachers, and even the people who are who are homeless. We love as a community, as friends, as family, and on love marriage, as partners.

As a community we love simply by caring and we share what we. Words 484 - Pages 2. Psycology: Marriage and Erich Fromm Essay. My references for today’s topic include an article from the January issue of UU World entitled “Time to Commit,” by William Doherty. I also referred extensively to The Art of essays, Loving, by Erich Fromm, and Love and Awakening, by John Welwood. Since our theme for the year is the ethics and spirituality of human relationships I thought it would be appropriate to include this topic. As I have stated before, I don’t want to create the impression that I feel I possess some superior skill in this area.

Words 497 - Pages 2. Essay Encyclop?dia Britannica and essays on love, Erich Maria Remarque. “some of the t totals world#x27;s poorest countries have suffered the most from the economic losses of war.” (Defense 2). These countries have been killed by war and essays marriage, have ultimately taking money away from the people. Some of these people really need the money as this takes “more than 10 percent of the types of nonfiction country#x27;s GDP.” (Defense 6). Marriage. The poor people suffer the most out of everyone seeing as government expenditures. To Study At Undergraduate Level. In many low-income countries, these expenditures often exceed 20–30 percent” (Defense 6). War. Words 429 - Pages 2. an athlete and there muscle tone, that could be art to some of us. There are eight different types of art painting, sculpture, architecture, photography, print making, conceptual art, installation art, and on love, performance art. The Mona Lisa painting is the t totals coursework task most famous painting in the world of all times. By: Leonardo da Vinci. This painting depicts Lisa Del Giocondo whose expression is well-known for the enigmatic aura emanating from it.

The sculpture is essays, unnamed and is often referred to as the. Words 820 - Pages 4. Essay on World War I and Erich Maria Remarque. Blank Resume 1. , when he sees his parents and his past for the first time since going to the front. There he encounters strange feelings of isolation, rejection, and essays, instability that he had never imagined could exist in a place so familiar. In Erich Maria Remarque#x27;s All Quiet on the Western Front, Paul#x27;s changing relationships with his mother and father spur on his gradual realization that he can never return to the life that once meant everything to him. Affected by contrast essay his mother#x27;s illness, innocence, and. Words 1866 - Pages 8. On Love Marriage. History: World War I and Erich Maria Remarque Essay. All Quite on the Western Front: A Casualty of to study creative writing, Love War does not determine who is right, only essays on love marriage, who is left. In the novel, All Quiet on the Western Front by types essays Erich Maria Remarque, Paul Baumer contemplates over why men of million are sent to fight out a dispute that originated between just two. In the essays on love marriage story, a young Paul Baumer is sent to fight in World War I on the Western Front against Russia.

During his service Paul and the friends he has in the Second Company are put through many. Where To Study In England. Words 611 - Pages 3. ?JianAn Luo Youngblood English 28 03/06/2014 Personal Statement I am Luo Jian An, born in on love 1993 in Guangzhou China. I am majoring Art in my college, and I am here to write this letter for pursuing advanced art studies in the University of California. I believe those studies are indispensable for my future career development and will benefit me for my art studies. I chose art as my intended major because I love art and beauty. Art is to study writing in england at undergraduate level, everywhere in my life. I studied art in my country. Art. Words 1008 - Pages 5. I met you in the summer (Summer) (Hey) (La La) (Hey) Summer (Summer) (Hey) (La La) (Hey) Wild Wild Love (feat. G.R.L.) [Hook: GRL] All this wild wild love of ours It can#x27;t be tamed, no All this wild wild love of essays on love marriage, ours It can#x27;t be tamed, no For better or worse A blessing or a curse Long live this wild wild love of ours Long live this wild wild love [Verse 1: Pitbull] Ladies and gentleman You#x27;re looking at blank resume 1 the new playboy Who you?

That#x27;s right, Armando. Essays Marriage. Words 1398 - Pages 6. ?Rebecca Lopez CLSCS 300 M/W 3:30-4:45 Essay 2: The Art of Love Ovid’s “The Art of Love” is perhaps one of the first documented “dating self-help” works of literature to be published. The poem is broken down into three sections in which Ovid communicates to men how to find a woman, how to words to link essay, keep her nonce she is found, and finally, how women can find and keep the love of a man. From a woman’s perspective, I would guess that some, if not most, of the essays marriage methods and techniques mentioned by Ovid are. Words 959 - Pages 4. Art: Love and Brooklyn Drecksel P .1 Essay. Blank Resume 1. somewhat blend into each other throughout the picture; the right side blooming with bright colors in which are placed upon the trees and pouring a cheerful happy tone, and the other filled with mystery and a loneliness portraying a tree blackened by essays on love marriage the night with only types of nonfiction essays, a river by on love marriage its side and blank resume 1, few lights to display the saddening tone to which the tree gives off.

The artist intended to essays on love, build a story of everlasting love. The two people journey throughout life holding onto each other betwixt by the joy. Words 466 - Pages 2. Blank Resume 1. * Test names and other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are affiliated with this website. All content of site and tests copyright 2017 Study Mode, LLC.

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Love Marriage essays

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Albert Camus was a French-Algerian journalist, playwright, novelist, philosophical essayist, and Nobel laureate. Though he was neither by advanced training nor profession a philosopher, he nevertheless made important, forceful contributions to a wide range of essays on love issues in moral philosophy in his novels, reviews, articles, essays, and speeches—from terrorism and political violence to compare contrast model essay suicide and essays the death penalty. He is often described as an existentialist writer, though he himself disavowed the label. He began his literary career as a political journalist and as an actor, director, and playwright in his native Algeria. Later, while living in occupied France during WWII, he became active in the Resistance and from 1944-47 served as editor-in-chief of the newspaper Combat . Blank Resume 1! By mid-century, based on the strength of his three novels ( The Stranger, The Plague, and The Fall ) and two book-length philosophical essays ( The Myth of Sisyphus and The Rebel ), he had achieved an international reputation and readership. It was in these works that he introduced and essays developed the twin philosophical ideas—the concept of the Absurd and the notion of Revolt—that made him famous. These are the ideas that people immediately think of to link essay paragraphs when they hear the name Albert Camus spoken today. The Absurd can be defined as a metaphysical tension or opposition that results from the on love, presence of human consciousness—with its ever-pressing demand for order and writing in england at undergraduate level meaning in life—in an essays on love essentially meaningless and indifferent universe.

Camus considered the Absurd to to study writing at undergraduate level be a fundamental and essays marriage even defining characteristic of the modern human condition. The notion of Revolt refers to where creative in england at undergraduate both a path of essays resolved action and a state of mind. It can take extreme forms such as terrorism or a reckless and unrestrained egoism (both of which are rejected by Camus), but basically, and in simple terms, it consists of an attitude of heroic defiance or resistance to whatever oppresses human beings. In awarding Camus its prize for literature in 1957, the Nobel Prize committee cited his persistent efforts to “illuminate the problem of the human conscience in our time.” He was honored by his own generation, and is still admired today, for words to link essay being a writer of conscience and essays on love marriage a champion of imaginative literature as a vehicle of philosophical insight and moral truth. Essays! He was at the height of his career—at work on an autobiographical novel, planning new projects for theatre, film, and television, and still seeking a solution to the lacerating political turmoil in his homeland—when he died tragically in an automobile accident in January 1960. Albert Camus was born on essays marriage November 7, 1913, in Mondovi, a small village near the seaport city of Bone (present-day Annaba) in the northeast region of French Algeria. He was the second child of Lucien Auguste Camus, a military veteran and a doll house essay wine-shipping clerk, and of Catherine Helene (Sintes) Camus, a house-keeper and part-time factory worker. (Note: Although Camus believed that his father was Alsatian and a first-generation emigre, research by biographer Herbert Lottman indicates that the Camus family was originally from Bordeaux and essays on love marriage that the types essays, first Camus to leave France for Algeria was actually the author’s great-grandfather, who in marriage the early 19th century became part of the first wave of European colonial settlers in coursework task sheet the new melting pot of essays marriage North Africa.) Shortly after the outbreak of WWI, when Camus was less than a year old, his father was recalled to military service and, on October 11, 1914, died of shrapnel wounds suffered at the first battle of the Marne.

As a child, about the only thing Camus ever learned about his father was that he had once become violently ill after witnessing a public execution. This anecdote, which surfaces in fictional form in the author’s novel The Stranger and words to link paragraphs is also recounted in his philosophical essay “Reflections on on love the Guillotine,” strongly affected Camus and influenced his lifelong opposition to the death penalty. After his father’s death, Camus, his mother, and his older brother moved to to link Algiers where they lived with his maternal uncle and grandmother in her cramped second-floor apartment in essays marriage the working-class district of Belcourt. Camus’s mother Catherine, who was illiterate, partially deaf, and afflicted with a speech pathology, worked in an ammunition factory and paragraphs cleaned homes to help support the family. In his posthumously published autobiographical novel The First Man , Camus recalls this period of his life with a mixture of pain and affection as he describes conditions of harsh poverty (the three-room apartment had no bathroom, no electricity, and no running water) relieved by hunting trips, family outings, childhood games, and scenic flashes of sun, seashore, mountain, and desert. Camus attended elementary school at the local Ecole Communale, and it was there that he encountered the first in marriage a series of teacher-mentors who recognized and nurtured the young boy’s lively intelligence. Essays! These father figures introduced him to a new world of history and on love marriage imagination and to literary landscapes far beyond the dusty streets of Belcourt and working-class poverty.

Though stigmatized as a pupille de la nation (that is, a war veteran’s child dependent on public welfare) and hampered by recurrent health issues, Camus distinguished himself as a student and was eventually awarded a scholarship to blank resume 1 attend high school at the Grand Lycee. Located near the famous Kasbah district, the school brought him into close proximity with the native Muslim community and thus gave him an early recognition of the idea of the on love, “outsider” that would dominate his later writings. It was in secondary school that Camus became an avid reader (absorbing Gide, Proust, Verlaine, and Bergson, among others), learned Latin and English, and developed a lifelong interest in literature, art, theatre, and essay film. He also enjoyed sports, especially soccer, of which he once wrote (recalling his early experience as a goal-keeper): “I learned . . . that a ball never arrives from the direction you expected it. Essays Marriage! That helped me in later life, especially in t totals task sheet mainland France, where nobody plays straight.” It was also during this period that Camus suffered his first serious attack of tuberculosis, a disease that was to on love afflict him, on and off, throughout his career. By the time he finished his Baccalaureat degree in June 1932, Camus was already contributing articles to Sud , a literary monthly, and looking forward to a career in journalism, the arts, or higher education. The next four years (1933-37) were an especially busy period in house his life during which he attended college, worked at marriage, odd jobs, married his first wife (Simone Hie), divorced, briefly joined the Communist party, and effectively began his professional theatrical and coursework task sheet writing career.

Among his various employments during the time were stints of routine office work where one job consisted of a Bartleby-like recording and on love marriage sifting of words to link meteorological data and another involved paper shuffling in an auto license bureau. One can well imagine that it was as a result of this experience that his famous conception of Sisyphean struggle, heroic defiance in the face of the Absurd, first began to take shape within his imagination. In 1933, Camus enrolled at the University of Algiers to pursue his diplome d’etudes superieures, specializing in essays marriage philosophy and gaining certificates in sociology and of nonfiction psychology along the way. Essays! In 1936, he became a co-founder, along with a group of young fellow intellectuals, of the Theatre du Travail, a professional acting company specializing in drama with left-wing political themes. Camus served the a doll house, company as both an actor and director and also contributed scripts, including his first published play Revolt in Asturia , a drama based on an ill-fated workers’ revolt during the Spanish Civil War. Essays On Love Marriage! That same year Camus also earned his degree and completed his dissertation, a study of the influence of to link paragraphs Plotinus and neo-Platonism on the thought and writings of St. Augustine. Over the next three years Camus further established himself as an emerging author, journalist, and theatre professional. After his disillusionment with and eventual expulsion from the Communist Party, he reorganized his dramatic company and renamed it the Theatre de l’Equipe (literally the Theater of the essays on love, Team). Types Of Nonfiction! The name change signaled a new emphasis on classic drama and avant-garde aesthetics and a shift away from labor politics and essays agitprop. In 1938 he joined the task sheet, staff of a new daily newspaper, the Alger Republicain , where his assignments as a reporter and reviewer covered everything from contemporary European literature to local political trials.

It was during this period that he also published his first two literary works— Betwixt and Between , a collection of five short semi-autobiographical and philosophical pieces (1937) and Nuptials , a series of essays marriage lyrical celebrations interspersed with political and philosophical reflections on North Africa and the Mediterranean. The 1940s witnessed Camus’s gradual ascendance to the rank of world-class literary intellectual. He started the decade as a locally acclaimed author and playwright, but he was a figure virtually unknown outside the city of Algiers; however, he ended the decade as an internationally recognized novelist, dramatist, journalist, philosophical essayist, and champion of where creative in england at undergraduate freedom. On Love! This period of his life began inauspiciously—war in a doll Europe, the essays marriage, occupation of types France, official censorship, and a widening crackdown on left-wing journals. Camus was still without stable employment or steady income when, after marrying his second wife, Francine Faure, in December of 1940, he departed Lyons, where he had been working as a journalist, and returned to Algeria. To help make ends meet, he taught part-time (French history and geography) at a private school in Oran. All the essays marriage, while he was putting finishing touches to model his first novel The Stranger , which was finally published in 1942 to favorable critical response, including a lengthy and penetrating review by Jean-Paul Sartre. The novel propelled him into immediate literary renown.

Camus returned to France in 1942 and a year later began working for the clandestine newspaper Combat , the journalistic arm and essays on love marriage voice of the house essay, French Resistance movement. Essays! During this period, while contending with recurrent bouts of types of nonfiction essays tuberculosis, he also published The Myth of Sisyphus , his philosophical anatomy of suicide and marriage the absurd, and joined Gallimard Publishing as an editor, a position he held until his death. After the Liberation, Camus continued as editor of blank resume 1 Combat, oversaw the production and publication of two plays, The Misunderstanding and Caligula , and assumed a leading role in Parisian intellectual society in marriage the company of Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir among others. In the late 40s his growing reputation as a writer and thinker was enlarged by the publication of The Plague , an t totals coursework sheet allegorical novel and fictional parable of the Nazi Occupation and the duty of on love marriage revolt, and by the lecture tours to the United States and South America. A Doll Essay! In 1951 he published The Rebel , a reflection on the nature of freedom and rebellion and a philosophical critique of revolutionary violence. This powerful and controversial work, with its explicit condemnation of Marxism-Leninism and its emphatic denunciation of unrestrained violence as a means of human liberation, led to essays on love an eventual falling out with Sartre and, along with his opposition to the Algerian National Liberation Front, to his being branded a reactionary in the view of many European Communists.

Yet his position also established him as an of nonfiction essays outspoken champion of individual freedom and as an impassioned critic of tyranny and terrorism, whether practiced by the Left or by essays marriage, the Right. In 1956, Camus published the short, confessional novel The Fall , which unfortunately would be the last of his completed major works and which in creative writing at undergraduate level the opinion of some critics is the most elegant, and most under-rated of all his books. During this period he was still afflicted by tuberculosis and was perhaps even more sorely beset by the deteriorating political situation in his native Algeria—which had by now escalated from demonstrations and occasional terrorist and guerilla attacks into open violence and insurrection. Camus still hoped to champion some kind of rapprochement that would allow the native Muslim population and the French pied noir minority to live together peaceably in a new de-colonized and largely integrated, if not fully independent, nation. Alas, by this point, as he painfully realized, the marriage, odds of a doll essay such an on love marriage outcome were becoming increasingly unlikely. In the fall of 1957, following publication of Exile and the Kingdom, a collection of short fiction, Camus was shocked by news that he had been awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. He absorbed the announcement with mixed feelings of gratitude, humility, and amazement. On the one hand, the award was obviously a tremendous honor.

On the other, not only did he feel that his friend and esteemed fellow novelist Andre Malraux was more deserving, he was also aware that the Nobel itself was widely regarded as the kind of accolade usually given to creative writing at undergraduate artists at the end of a long career. Yet, as he indicated in his acceptance speech at Stockholm, he considered his own career as still in mid-flight, with much yet to essays on love marriage accomplish and even greater writing challenges ahead: Every person, and assuredly every artist, wants to be recognized. So do I. But I’ve been unable to comprehend your decision without comparing its resounding impact with my own actual status. A man almost young, rich only in his doubts, and with his work still in progress…how could such a man not feel a kind of panic at hearing a decree that transports him all of a sudden…to the center of creative in england at undergraduate level a glaring spotlight? And with what feelings could he accept this honor at a time when other writers in Europe, among them the very greatest, are condemned to silence, and even at a time when the country of his birth is going through unending misery? Of course Camus could not have known as he spoke these words that most of his writing career was in fact behind him. Over the next two years, he published articles and continued to write, produce, and direct plays, including his own adaptation of essays marriage Dostoyevsky’s The Possessed . He also formulated new concepts for coursework task sheet film and television, assumed a leadership role in essays on love a new experimental national theater, and continued to campaign for to link paragraphs peace and a political solution in marriage Algeria. Unfortunately, none of these latter projects would be brought to fulfillment. On January 4, 1960, Camus died tragically in a car accident while he was a passenger in of nonfiction a vehicle driven by essays on love, his friend and publisher Michel Gallimard, who also suffered fatal injuries. The author was buried in the local cemetery at Lourmarin, a village in Provencal where he and his wife and daughters had lived for nearly a decade.

Upon hearing of Camus’s death, Sartre wrote a moving eulogy in the France-Observateur , saluting his former friend and political adversary not only for his distinguished contributions to French literature but especially for the heroic moral courage and “stubborn humanism” which he brought to bear against the “massive and deformed events of the day.” According to Sartre’s perceptive appraisal, Camus was less a novelist and more a writer of philosophical tales and parables in the tradition of Voltaire. This assessment accords with Camus’s own judgment that his fictional works were not true novels (Fr. romans ), a form he associated with the where to study creative level, densely populated and richly detailed social panoramas of writers like Balzac, Tolstoy, and Proust, but rather contes (“tales”) and recits (“narratives”) combining philosophical and psychological insights. In this respect, it is on love, also worth noting that at no time in his career did Camus ever describe himself as a deep thinker or lay claim to the title of philosopher. Instead, he nearly always referred to himself simply, yet proudly, as un ecrivain —a writer. This is an important fact to keep in where to study creative level mind when assessing his place in intellectual history and in twentieth-century philosophy, for by no means does he qualify as a system-builder or theorist or even as a disciplined thinker. Essays On Love! He was instead (and here again Sartre’s assessment is astute) a sort of sheet all-purpose critic and modern-day philosophe : a debunker of mythologies, a critic of fraud and superstition, an enemy of terror, a voice of reason and compassion, and essays marriage an outspoken defender of contrast model freedom—all in all a figure very much in the Enlightenment tradition of Voltaire and Diderot. For this reason, in assessing Camus’s career and work, it may be best simply to take him at his own word and characterize him first and foremost as a writer —advisedly attaching the epithet “philosophical” for sharper accuracy and definition.

3. Camus, Philosophical Literature, and the Novel of Ideas. To pin down exactly why and in on love marriage what distinctive sense Camus may be termed a philosophical writer, we can begin by comparing him with other authors who have merited the designation. Right away, we can eliminate any comparison with the efforts of Lucretius and Dante, who undertook to unfold entire cosmologies and philosophical systems in words to link essay paragraphs epic verse. Essays Marriage! Camus obviously attempted nothing of the sort. To Link Essay! On the essays on love, other hand, we can draw at least a limited comparison between Camus and writers like Pascal, Kierkegaard, and words to link paragraphs Nietzsche—that is, with writers who were first of all philosophers or religious writers, but whose stylistic achievements and literary flair gained them a special place in the pantheon of world literature as well. Here we may note that Camus himself was very conscious of his debt to essays Kierkegaard and Nietzsche (especially in the style and structure of The Myth of Sisyphus and The Rebel ) and that he might very well have followed in their literary-philosophical footsteps if his tuberculosis had not side-tracked him into fiction and journalism and prevented him from t totals task sheet, pursuing an academic career. Perhaps Camus himself best defined his own particular status as a philosophical writer when he wrote (with authors like Melville, Stendhal, Dostoyevsky, and Kafka especially in mind): “The great novelists are philosophical novelists”; that is, writers who eschew systematic explanation and create their discourse using “images instead of essays arguments” ( The Myth of Sisyphus 74). By his own definition then Camus is a doll house, a philosophical writer in essays on love marriage the sense that he has (a) conceived his own distinctive and original world-view and (b) sought to convey that view mainly through images, fictional characters and events, and to link paragraphs via dramatic presentation rather than through critical analysis and essays direct discourse. He is also both a novelist of ideas and a psychological novelist, and in this respect, he certainly compares most closely to of nonfiction Dostoyevsky and Sartre, two other writers who combine a unique and distinctly philosophical outlook, acute psychological insight, and essays a dramatic style of presentation. (Like Camus, Sartre was a productive playwright, and coursework task sheet Dostoyevsky remains perhaps the most dramatic of all novelists, as Camus clearly understood, having adapted both The Brothers Karamazov and The Possessed for the stage.)

Camus’s reputation rests largely on essays the three novels published during his lifetime— The Stranger, The Plague, and The Fall —and on words to link essay his two major philosophical essays— The Myth of Sisyphus and The Rebel . However, his body of work also includes a collection of short fiction, Exile and the Kingdom ; an autobiographical novel, The First Man ; a number of dramatic works, most notably Caligula, The Misunderstanding , The State of marriage Siege , and The Just Assassins ; several translations and adaptations, including new versions of works by Calderon, Lope de Vega, Dostoyevsky, and Faulkner; and a lengthy assortment of to link essay essays, prose pieces, critical reviews, transcribed speeches and interviews, articles, and works of journalism. A brief summary and description of the most important of Camus’s writings is presented below as preparation for a larger discussion of his philosophy and essays marriage world-view, including his main ideas and paragraphs recurrent philosophical themes. The Stranger ( L’Etranger, 1942)—From its cold opening lines, “Mother died today. Or maybe yesterday; I can’t be sure,” to its bleak concluding image of a public execution set to take place beneath the “benign indifference of the universe,” Camus’s first and most famous novel takes the form of a terse, flat, first-person narrative by its main character Meursault, a very ordinary young man of unremarkable habits and unemotional affect who, inexplicably and in an almost absent-minded way, kills an essays Arab and then is t totals sheet, arrested, tried, convicted, and sentenced to death. The neutral style of the novel—typical of on love what the critic Roland Barthes called “writing degree zero”—serves as a perfect vehicle for the descriptions and commentary of its anti-hero narrator, the where to study level, ultimate “outsider” and a person who seems to observe everything, including his own life, with almost pathological detachment. The Plague ( La Peste, 1947)—Set in the coastal town of Oran, Camus’s second novel is the story of an on love marriage outbreak of to study creative writing at undergraduate plague, traced from essays, its subtle, insidious, unheeded beginnings and horrible, seemingly irresistible dominion to its eventual climax and decline, all told from the viewpoint of contrast essay one of the survivors. Camus made no effort to conceal the fact that his novel was partly based on and could be interpreted as an allegory or parable of the rise of Nazism and marriage the nightmare of the words to link paragraphs, Occupation. Essays On Love! However, the plague metaphor is both more complicated and more flexible than that, extending to signify the Absurd in general as well as any calamity or disaster that tests the mettle of human beings, their endurance, their solidarity, their sense of responsibility, their compassion, and their will. At the end of the novel, the t totals task sheet, plague finally retreats, and the narrator reflects that a time of marriage pestilence teaches “that there is more to admire in men than to despise,” but he also knows “that the plague bacillus never dies or disappears for good,” that “the day would come when, for the bane and the enlightening of men, it would rouse up its rats again” and send them forth yet once more to spread death and contagion into a happy and unsuspecting city. The Fall ( La Chute, 1956)—Camus’s third novel, and essay the last to be published during his lifetime, is in essays effect an extended dramatic monologue spoken by M. Coursework Sheet! Jean-Baptiste Clamence, a dissipated, cynical, former Parisian attorney (who now calls himself a “judge-penitent”) to an unnamed auditor (thus indirectly to essays the reader).

Set in a seedy bar in the red-light district of Amsterdam, the work is a small masterpiece of house essay compression and style: a confessional (and semi-autobiographical) novel, an arresting character study and psychological portrait, and at marriage, the same time a wide-ranging philosophical discourse on guilt and innocence, expiation and punishment, good and evil. Camus began his literary career as a playwright and theatre director and was planning new dramatic works for film, stage, and television at the time of his death. In addition to his four original plays, he also published several successful adaptations (including theatre pieces based on works by Faulkner, Dostoyevsky, and Calderon). He took particular pride in his work as a dramatist and man of the theatre. However, his plays never achieved the same popularity, critical success, or level of words essay paragraphs incandescence as his more famous novels and marriage major essays. Caligula (1938, first produced 1945)—“Men die and are not happy.” Such is the complaint against writing in england at undergraduate the universe pronounced by the young emperor Caligula, who in Camus’s play is less the murderous lunatic, slave to incest, narcissist, and megalomaniac of Roman history than a theatrical martyr-hero of the Absurd: a man who carries his philosophical quarrel with the meaninglessness of human existence to a kind of fanatical but logical extreme. Camus described his hero as a man “obsessed with the impossible” willing to pervert all values, and if necessary destroy himself and all those around him in the pursuit of absolute liberty.

Caligula was Camus’s first attempt at portraying a figure in absolute defiance of the marriage, Absurd, and through three revisions of the play over a period of several years he eventually achieved a remarkable composite by adding to Caligula’s original portrait touches of Sade, of revolutionary nihilism, of the where to study in england, Nietzschean Superman, of his own version of Sisyphus, and even of Mussolini and Hitler. The Misunderstanding ( Le Malentendu , 1944)—In this grim exploration of the Absurd, a son returns home while concealing his true identity from his mother and sister. Essays Marriage! The two women operate a boarding house where, in order to make ends meet, they quietly murder and rob their patrons. Blank Resume 1! Through a tangle of misunderstanding and mistaken identity they wind up murdering their unrecognized visitor. Camus has explained the drama as an attempt to capture the atmosphere of malaise, corruption, demoralization, and on love anonymity that he experienced while living in France during the German occupation. Model! Despite the play’s dark themes and bleak style, he described its philosophy as ultimately optimistic: “It amounts to on love marriage saying that in an unjust or indifferent world man can save himself, and save others, by practicing the most basic sincerity and pronouncing the words to link essay paragraphs, most appropriate word.” State of Siege ( L’Etat de Siege, 1948) — This odd allegorical drama combines features of the essays, medieval morality play with elements of Calderon and a doll house the Spanish baroque; it also has apocalyptic themes, bits of music hall comedy, and a collection of avant-garde theatrics thrown in for good measure. Essays On Love Marriage! The work marked a significant departure from Camus’s normal dramatic style. It also resulted in words to link essay virtually universal disapproval and negative reviews from Paris theatre-goers and critics, many of whom came expecting a play based on marriage Camus’s recent novel The Plague . Blank Resume 1! The play is set in the Spanish seaport city of Cadiz, famous for its beaches, carnivals, and street musicians.

By the end of the first act, the normally laid-back and carefree citizens fall under the dominion of essays on love a gaudily beribboned and uniformed dictator named Plague (based on Generalissimo Franco) and his officious, clip-board wielding Secretary (who turns out to be a modern, bureaucratic incarnation of the medieval figure Death). One of the prominent concerns of the compare contrast, play is the Orwellian theme of the degradation of language via totalitarian politics and bureaucracy (symbolized onstage by calls for silence, scenes in pantomime, and a gagged chorus). As one character observes, “we are steadily nearing that perfect moment when nothing anybody says will rouse the least echo in essays marriage another’s mind.” The Just Assassins ( Les Justes , 1950)—First performed in Paris to largely favorable reviews, this play is based on a doll house real-life characters and on love marriage an actual historical event: the 1905 assassination of the Russian Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich by Ivan Kalyayev and fellow members of the Combat Organization of the Socialist Revolutionary Party. The play effectively dramatizes the issues that Camus would later explore in detail in The Rebel , especially the question of whether acts of terrorism and where to study creative in england at undergraduate political violence can ever be morally justified (and if so, with what limitations and in what specific circumstances). Essays On Love! The historical Kalyayev passed up his original opportunity to essay bomb the Grand Duke’s carriage because the Duke was accompanied by his wife and two young nephews.

However, this was no act of conscience on Kalyayev’s part but a purely practical decision based on essays marriage his calculation that the murder of children would prove a setback to the revolution. After the successful completion of his bombing mission and blank resume 1 subsequent arrest, Kalyayev welcomed his execution on similarly practical and purely political grounds, believing that his death would further the cause of revolution and social justice. Camus’s Kalyayev, on on love the other hand, is a far more agonized and conscientious figure, neither so cold-blooded nor so calculating as his real-life counterpart. Upon seeing the two children in the carriage, he refuses to toss his bomb not because doing so would be politically inexpedient but because he is overcome emotionally, temporarily unnerved by the sad expression in their eyes. Similarly, at the end of the play he embraces his death not so much because it will aid the revolution, but almost as a form of karmic penance, as if it were indeed some kind of sacred duty or metaphysical requirement that must be performed in order for true justice to be achieved. c. Essays, Letters, Prose Collections, Articles, and Reviews. Betwixt and Between ( L’Envers et l’endroit, 1937)—This short collection of semi-autobiographical, semi-fictional, philosophical pieces might be dismissed as juvenilia and largely ignored if it were not for creative level the fact that it represents Camus’s first attempt to essays on love formulate a coherent life-outlook and world-view.

The collection, which in a way serves as a germ or starting point for the author’s later philosophy, consists of five lyrical essays. To Study In England At Undergraduate Level! In “Irony” (“ L’Ironie ”), a reflection on youth and age, Camus asserts, in essays marriage the manner of a young disciple of Pascal, our essential solitariness in life and death. T Totals Coursework Sheet! In “Between yes and no” (“ Entre Oui et Non ”) he suggests that to hope is as empty and as pointless as to despair, yet he goes beyond nihilism by positing a fundamental value to existence-in-the-world. In “Death in the soul” (“ La Mort dans l’ame ”) he supplies a sort of existential travel review, contrasting his impressions of central and Eastern Europe (which he views as purgatorial and morgue-like) with the on love, more spontaneous life of Italy and creative Mediterranean culture. The piece thus affirms the author’s lifelong preference for the color and essays marriage vitality of the words paragraphs, Mediterranean world, and especially North Africa, as opposed to what he perceives as the soulless cold-heartedness of essays on love marriage modern Europe. In “Love of life” (“ Amour de vivre ”) he claims there can be no love of life without despair of compare essay life and thus largely re-asserts the essays on love marriage, essentially tragic, ancient Greek view that the very beauty of human existence is largely contingent upon its brevity and fragility. Compare Contrast Essay! The concluding essay, “Betwixt and between” (“ L’Envers et l’endroit ”), summarizes and re-emphasizes the Romantic themes of the collection as a whole: our fundamental “aloneness,” the importance of imagination and openness to experience, the imperative to “live as if….”

Nuptials ( Noces , 1938)—This collection of four rhapsodic narratives supplements and amplifies the youthful philosophy expressed in Betwixt and Between . That joy is necessarily intertwined with despair, that the shortness of life confers a premium on intense experience, and that the world is both beautiful and essays on love marriage violent—these are, once again, Camus’s principal themes. “Summer in Algiers,” which is probably the best (and best-known) of the essays in coursework the collection, is a lyrical, at essays on love marriage, times almost ecstatic, celebration of in england at undergraduate sea, sun, and the North African landscape. Affirming a defiantly atheistic creed, Camus concludes with one of the core ideas of his philosophy: “If there is a sin against marriage life, it consists not so much in despairing as in hoping for another life and in eluding the implacable grandeur of this one.” The Myth of Sisyphus ( Le Mythe de Sisyphe, 1943)—If there is compare contrast model essay, a single non-fiction work that can be considered an essential or fundamental statement of Camus’s philosophy, it is this extended essay on the ethics of suicide (eventually translated and essays marriage repackaged for American publication in 1955). It is here that Camus formally introduces and fully articulates his most famous idea, the concept of the Absurd, and his equally famous image of life as a Sisyphean struggle. From its provocative opening sentence—“There is but one truly serious philosophical problem, and that is suicide”—to its stirring, paradoxical conclusion—“The struggle itself toward the essays, heights is enough to fill a man’s heart. On Love Marriage! One must imagine Sisyphus happy”—the book has something interesting and challenging on nearly every page and is shot through with brilliant aphorisms and insights. In the end, Camus rejects suicide: the Absurd must not be evaded either by a doll essay, religion (“philosophical suicide”) or by essays, annihilation (“physical suicide”); the task of living should not merely be accepted, it must be embraced. The Rebel ( L’Homme Revolte, 1951)—Camus considered this work a continuation of the critical and words to link essay philosophical investigation of the Absurd that he began with The Myth of Sisyphus . Only this time his primary concern is not suicide but murder.

He takes up the question of whether acts of terrorism and political violence can be morally justified, which is basically the same question he had addressed earlier in on love his play The Just Assassins . After arguing that an authentic life inevitably involves some form of conscientious moral revolt, Camus winds up concluding that only in to link essay rare and very narrowly defined instances is political violence justified. Camus’s critique of on love marriage revolutionary violence and terror in this work, and particularly his caustic assessment of Marxism-Leninism (which he accused of sacrificing innocent lives on compare the altar of History), touched nerves throughout Europe and led in part to his celebrated feud with Sartre and other French leftists. Resistance, Rebellion, and Death (1957)—This posthumous collection is essays on love, of interest to students of Camus mainly because it brings together an unusual assortment of his non-fiction writings on a wide range of topics, from art and task sheet politics to the advantages of essays on love marriage pessimism and the virtues (from a non-believer’s standpoint) of Christianity. Of special interest are two pieces that helped secure Camus’s worldwide reputation as a voice of liberty: “Letters to a German Friend,” a set of compare contrast four letters originally written during the Nazi Occupation, and “Reflections on the Guillotine,” a denunciation of the death penalty cited for special mention by on love marriage, the Nobel committee and eventually revised and re-published as a companion essay to go with fellow death-penalty opponent Arthur Koestler’s “Reflections on words to link paragraphs Hanging.” To re-emphasize a point made earlier, Camus considered himself first and foremost a writer ( un ecrivain ). Indeed, Camus’s dissertation advisor penciled onto his dissertation the assessment “More a writer than a philosopher.” And at various times in his career he also accepted the essays on love marriage, labels journalist, humanist, novelist, and even moralist. However, he apparently never felt comfortable identifying himself as a philosopher—a term he seems to blank resume 1 have associated with rigorous academic training, systematic thinking, logical consistency, and a coherent, carefully defined doctrine or body of ideas.

This is not to suggest that Camus lacked ideas or to say that his thought cannot be considered a personal philosophy. It is simply to on love marriage point out that he was not a systematic, or even a notably disciplined thinker and that, unlike Heidegger and Sartre, for example, he showed very little interest in metaphysics and ontology, which seems to be one of the reasons he consistently denied that he was an existentialist. Task! In short, he was not much given to speculative philosophy or any kind of abstract theorizing. His thought is instead nearly always related to current events (e.g., the Spanish War, revolt in Algeria) and is consistently grounded in on love down-to-earth moral and political reality. Though he was baptized, raised, and educated as a Catholic and invariably respectful towards the to study at undergraduate level, Church, Camus seems to have been a natural-born pagan who showed almost no instinct whatsoever for belief in the supernatural. Even as a youth, he was more of a sun-worshipper and nature lover than a boy notable for his piety or religious faith. On the other hand, there is no denying that Christian literature and philosophy served as an essays on love important influence on his early thought and intellectual development. As a young high school student, Camus studied the where creative, Bible, read and savored the Spanish mystics St. Theresa of marriage Avila and to link essay paragraphs St.

John of the Cross, and was introduced to the thought of St. Augustine St. Augustine would later serve as the subject of his baccalaureate dissertation and become—as a fellow North African writer, quasi-existentialist, and conscientious observer-critic of his own life—an important lifelong influence. In college Camus absorbed Kierkegaard, who, after Augustine, was probably the single greatest Christian influence on his thought. He also studied Schopenhauer and Nietzsche—undoubtedly the two writers who did the on love marriage, most to set him on his own path of defiant pessimism and atheism. Other notable influences include not only the creative writing at undergraduate level, major modern philosophers from the on love, academic curriculum—from Descartes and Spinoza to Bergson—but also, and just as importantly, philosophical writers like Stendhal, Melville, Dostoyevsky, and Kafka. The two earliest expressions of Camus’s personal philosophy are his works Betwixt and Between (1937) and Nuptials (1938). Here he unfolds what is essentially a hedonistic, indeed almost primitivistic, celebration of nature and the life of the to link essay paragraphs, senses. In the Romantic poetic tradition of writers like Rilke and Wallace Stevens, he offers a forceful rejection of all hereafters and an emphatic embrace of the essays on love marriage, here and now. There is no salvation, he argues, no transcendence; there is only the enjoyment of consciousness and natural being.

One life, this life, is enough. Sky and sea, mountain and desert, have their own beauty and contrast model essay magnificence and constitute a sufficient heaven. The critic John Cruikshank termed this stage in on love Camus’s thinking “naive atheism” and attributed it to his ecstatic and somewhat immature “Mediterraneanism.” Naive seems an apt characterization for a philosophy that is romantically bold and types essays uncomplicated yet somewhat lacking in sophistication and logical clarity. On the marriage, other hand, if we keep in mind Camus’s theatrical background and preference for where creative in england at undergraduate level dramatic presentation, there may actually be more depth and complexity to his thought here than meets the eye. That is to say, just as it would be simplistic and reductive to equate Camus’s philosophy of revolt with that of his character Caligula (who is at best a kind of extreme or mad spokesperson for the author), so in the same way it is possible that the pensees and opinions presented in Nuptials and Betwixt and Between are not so much the views of Camus as they are poetically heightened observations of an artfully crafted narrator—an exuberant alter ego who is far more spontaneous and essays on love marriage free-spirited than his more naturally reserved and sober-minded author. In any case, regardless of this assessment of the ideas expressed in Betwixt and Between and Nuptials , it is blank resume 1, clear that these early writings represent an important, if comparatively raw and simple, beginning stage in Camus’s development as a thinker where his views differ markedly from his more mature philosophy in several noteworthy respects.

In the first place, the Camus of Nuptials is still a young man of twenty-five, aflame with youthful joie de vivre. He favors a life of impulse and on love daring as it was honored and practiced in types both Romantic literature and in the streets of Belcourt. Recently married and divorced, raised in poverty and in essays on love marriage close quarters, beset with health problems, this young man develops an understandable passion for clear air, open space, colorful dreams, panoramic vistas, and the breath-taking prospects and challenges of the larger world. Consequently, the Camus of the period 1937-38 is a decidedly different writer from the Camus who will ascend the dais at Stockholm nearly twenty years later. The young Camus is more of a sensualist and pleasure-seeker, more of a dandy and aesthete, than the more hardened and austere figure who will endure the Occupation while serving in the French underground. He is a doll house essay, a writer passionate in his conviction that life ought to be lived vividly and intensely—indeed rebelliously (to use the on love, term that will take on to study creative writing in england at undergraduate increasing importance in his thought). On Love! He is also a writer attracted to causes, though he is not yet the author who will become world-famous for his moral seriousness and passionate commitment to justice and a doll house essay freedom. All of essays on love marriage which is understandable. After all, the Camus of the middle 1930s had not yet witnessed and absorbed the shattering spectacle and disillusioning effects of the Spanish Civil War, the rise of Fascism, Hitlerism, and Stalinism, the compare, coming into being of total war and weapons of mass destruction, and the terrible reign of genocide and terror that would characterize the period 1938-1945. It was under the pressure and in direct response to the events of this period that Camus’s mature philosophy—with its core set of humanistic themes and ideas—emerged and gradually took shape. That mature philosophy is no longer a “naive atheism” but a very reflective and critical brand of unbelief.

It is proudly and inconsolably pessimistic, but not in a polemical or overbearing way. It is unbending, hardheaded, determinedly skeptical. It is on love marriage, tolerant and level respectful of world religious creeds, but at the same time wholly unsympathetic to them. In the end it is an affirmative philosophy that accepts and approves, and in essays its own way blesses, our dreadful mortality and our fundamental isolation in the world. Regardless of whether he is producing drama, fiction, or non-fiction, Camus in his mature writings nearly always takes up and contrast re-explores the same basic philosophical issues. These recurrent topoi constitute the key components of his thought. They include themes like the Absurd, alienation, suicide, and rebellion that almost automatically come to mind whenever his name is mentioned. Hence any summary of his place in modern philosophy would be incomplete without at least a brief discussion of these ideas and essays on love marriage how they fit together to types essays form a distinctive and original world-view.

Even readers not closely acquainted with Camus’s works are aware of his reputation as the philosophical expositor, anatomist, and poet-apostle of the Absurd. Indeed, as even sitcom writers and stand-up comics apparently understand (odd fact: the comic-bleak final episode of Seinfeld has been compared to essays marriage The Stranger , and Camus’s thought has been used to t totals coursework task sheet explain episodes of The Simpsons ), it is on love, largely through the of nonfiction essays, thought and writings of the French-Algerian author that the concept of absurdity has become a part not only of world literature and on love twentieth-century philosophy but also of modern popular culture. What then is a doll house essay, meant by the notion of the Absurd? Contrary to the view conveyed by popular culture, the Absurd, (at least in Camus’s terms) does not simply refer to some vague perception that modern life is fraught with paradoxes, incongruities, and intellectual confusion. (Although that perception is essays on love, certainly consistent with his formula.) Instead, as he emphasizes and tries to compare model essay make clear, the Absurd expresses a fundamental disharmony, a tragic incompatibility, in our existence. In effect, he argues that the Absurd is the product of on love marriage a collision or confrontation between our human desire for order, meaning, and purpose in life and model essay the blank, indifferent “silence of the essays on love marriage, universe”: “The absurd is not in man nor in the world,” Camus explains, “but in their presence together…it is the only bond uniting them.” So here we are: poor creatures desperately seeking hope and meaning in to study writing in england at undergraduate level a hopeless, meaningless world. Sartre, in his essay-review of The Stranger provides an additional gloss on the idea: “The absurd, to be sure, resides neither in man nor in the world, if you consider each separately. Essays! But since man’s dominant characteristic is ‘being in blank resume 1 the world,’ the absurd is, in the end, an inseparable part of the human condition.” The Absurd, then, presents itself in the form of an existential opposition. On Love! It arises from the where to study creative writing, human demand for clarity and transcendence on the one hand and a cosmos that offers nothing of the essays, kind on the other.

Such is our fate: we inhabit a world that is indifferent to our sufferings and t totals coursework deaf to our protests. In Camus’s view there are three possible philosophical responses to marriage this predicament. Two of these he condemns as evasions, and the other he puts forward as a proper solution. The first choice is blunt and simple: physical suicide. If we decide that a life without some essential purpose or meaning is not worth living, we can simply choose to t totals coursework sheet kill ourselves. Camus rejects this choice as cowardly. Essays Marriage! In his terms it is a repudiation or renunciation of types of nonfiction essays life, not a true revolt. The second choice is the religious solution of essays positing a transcendent world of solace and meaning beyond the Absurd. Where Creative Writing At Undergraduate Level! Camus calls this solution “philosophical suicide” and rejects it as transparently evasive and fraudulent.

To adopt a supernatural solution to the problem of the essays on love, Absurd (for example, through some type of mysticism or leap of faith) is to annihilate reason, which in where writing level Camus’s view is as fatal and self-destructive as physical suicide. In effect, instead of marriage removing himself from the absurd confrontation of self and world like the physical suicide, the types, religious believer simply removes the offending world and replaces it, via a kind of metaphysical abracadabra, with a more agreeable alternative. The third choice—in Camus’s view the only authentic and valid solution—is simply to accept absurdity, or better yet to embrace it, and to continue living. Since the Absurd in his view is an marriage unavoidable, indeed defining, characteristic of the human condition, the only proper response to it is full, unflinching, courageous acceptance. Life, he says, can “be lived all the sheet, better if it has no meaning.” The example par excellence of this option of spiritual courage and essays on love metaphysical revolt is the mythical Sisyphus of Camus’s philosophical essay. Compare Contrast Essay! Doomed to eternal labor at his rock, fully conscious of the essential hopelessness of his plight, Sisyphus nevertheless pushes on. In doing so he becomes for Camus a superb icon of the spirit of revolt and of the human condition. To rise each day to fight a battle you know you cannot win, and to do this with wit, grace, compassion for others, and even a sense of mission, is to marriage face the Absurd in a spirit of true heroism. Over the course of his career, Camus examines the Absurd from multiple perspectives and through the eyes of many different characters—from the mad Caligula, who is obsessed with the problem, to the strangely aloof and yet simultaneously self-absorbed Meursault, who seems indifferent to it even as he exemplifies and is finally victimized by where creative writing in england at undergraduate, it. In The Myth of essays Sisyphus, Camus traces it in specific characters of legend and to link literature (Don Juan, Ivan Karamazov) and also in certain character types (the Actor, the Conqueror), all of who may be understood as in some way a version or manifestation of Sisyphus, the archetypal absurd hero.

[Note: A rather different, yet possibly related, notion of the essays on love marriage, Absurd is proposed and analyzed in the work of Kierkegaard, especially in Fear and Trembling and Repetition . For Kierkegaard, however, the Absurd describes not an types essays essential and universal human condition, but the special condition and nature of religious faith—a paradoxical state in which matters of will and perception that are objectively impossible can nevertheless be ultimately true. Though it is hard to say whether Camus had Kierkegaard particularly in mind when he developed his own concept of the absurd, there can be little doubt that Kierkegaard’s knight of faith is in certain ways an important predecessor of on love Camus’s Sisyphus: both figures are involved in blank resume 1 impossible and endlessly agonizing tasks, which they nevertheless confidently and essays marriage even cheerfully pursue. House! In the knight’s quixotic defiance and solipsism, Camus found a model for his own ideal of heroic affirmation and on love philosophical revolt.] The companion theme to essays the Absurd in Camus’s oeuvre (and the only other philosophical topic to which he devoted an on love marriage entire book) is the idea of Revolt. What is revolt? Simply defined, it is the Sisyphean spirit of defiance in the face of the Absurd. More technically and less metaphorically, it is a spirit of opposition against any perceived unfairness, oppression, or indignity in the human condition. Rebellion in Camus’s sense begins with a recognition of boundaries, of limits that define one’s essential selfhood and core sense of being and thus must not be infringed—as when a slave stands up to his master and says in effect “thus far, and essay no further, shall I be commanded.” This defining of the self as at on love marriage, some point inviolable appears to be an act of pure egoism and individualism, but it is where creative writing level, not.

In fact Camus argues at considerable length to show that an act of essays on love conscientious revolt is ultimately far more than just an individual gesture or an act of solitary protest. The rebel, he writes, holds that there is a “common good more important than his own destiny” and that there are “rights more important than himself.” He acts “in the name of certain values which are still indeterminate but which he feels are common to himself and to all men” ( The Rebel 15-16). Camus then goes on to assert that an “analysis of rebellion leads at least to compare contrast the suspicion that, contrary to the postulates of contemporary thought, a human nature does exist, as the Greeks believed.” After all, “Why rebel,” he asks, “if there is essays on love, nothing permanent in the self worth preserving?” The slave who stands up and asserts himself actually does so for “the sake of everyone in the world.” He declares in effect that “all men—even the man who insults and t totals coursework task oppresses him—have a natural community.” Here we may note that the idea that there may indeed be an essential human nature is actually more than a “suspicion” as far as Camus himself was concerned. Essays! Indeed for him it was more like a fundamental article of his humanist faith. In any case it represents one of the core principles of where writing at undergraduate level his ethics and is one of the tenets that sets his philosophy apart from existentialism. True revolt, then, is performed not just for the self but also in solidarity with and out of compassion for others. Marriage! And for this reason, Camus is led to conclude that revolt too has its limits. If it begins with and necessarily involves a recognition of human community and a common human dignity, it cannot, without betraying its own true character, treat others as if they were lacking in that dignity or not a part of that community. In the end it is a doll essay, remarkable, and indeed surprising, how closely Camus’s philosophy of revolt, despite the author’s fervent atheism and individualism, echoes Kantian ethics with its prohibition against treating human beings as means and its ideal of the human community as a kingdom of ends. A recurrent theme in Camus’s literary works, which also shows up in his moral and political writings, is the character or perspective of the “stranger” or outsider.

Meursault, the laconic narrator of The Stranger , is the most obvious example. He seems to observe everything, even his own behavior, from an outside perspective. Like an anthropologist, he records his observations with clinical detachment at the same time that he is warily observed by the community around him. Camus came by this perspective naturally. As a European in Africa, an African in essays marriage Europe, an infidel among Muslims, a lapsed Catholic, a Communist Party drop-out, an underground resister (who at contrast model essay, times had to use code names and false identities), a “child of the state” raised by a widowed mother (who was illiterate and virtually deaf and dumb), Camus lived most of his life in various groups and communities without really being integrated within them. Essays! This outside view, the perspective of the exile, became his characteristic stance as a writer. It explains both the cool, objective (“zero-degree”) precision of model much of his work and also the high value he assigned to longed-for ideals of friendship, community, solidarity, and marriage brotherhood. Throughout his writing career, Camus showed a deep interest in questions of guilt and compare contrast model innocence. On Love Marriage! Once again Meursault in The Stranger provides a striking example.

Is he legally innocent of the murder he is charged with? Or is he technically guilty? On the one hand, there seems to have been no conscious intention behind his action. Indeed the killing takes place almost as if by a doll, accident, with Meursault in a kind of absent-minded daze, distracted by the sun. From this point of view, his crime seems surreal and his trial and subsequent conviction a travesty. On the other hand, it is hard for the reader not to share the essays marriage, view of other characters in the novel, especially Meursault’s accusers, witnesses, and jury, in essay whose eyes he seems to marriage be a seriously defective human being—at best, a kind of hollow man and at worst, a monster of words to link essay paragraphs self-centeredness and insularity. That the essays on love, character has evoked such a wide range of responses from critics and readers—from sympathy to horror—is a tribute to the psychological complexity and subtlety of Camus’s portrait. Camus’s brilliantly crafted final novel, The Fall , continues his keen interest in the theme of guilt, this time via a narrator who is virtually obsessed with it. The significantly named Jean-Baptiste Clamence (a voice in the wilderness calling for clemency and forgiveness) is tortured by guilt in the wake of a seemingly casual incident. While strolling home one drizzly November evening, he shows little concern and almost no emotional reaction at all to the suicidal plunge of a young woman into t totals coursework task sheet the Seine. Essays On Love Marriage! But afterwards the incident begins to gnaw at him, and eventually he comes to view his inaction as typical of a long pattern of personal vanity and as a colossal failure of human sympathy on his part.

Wracked by remorse and self-loathing, he gradually descends into a figurative hell. Formerly an attorney, he is now a self-described “judge-penitent” (a combination sinner, tempter, prosecutor, and father-confessor) who shows up each night at creative in england at undergraduate, his local haunt, a sailor’s bar near Amsterdam’s red light district, where, somewhat in the manner of Coleridge’s Ancient Mariner, he recounts his story to whoever will hear it. In the final sections of the novel, amid distinctly Christian imagery and symbolism, he declares his crucial insight that, despite our pretensions to righteousness, we are all guilty . Hence no human being has the right to pass final moral judgment on another. In a final twist, Clamence asserts that his acid self-portrait is also a mirror for his contemporaries. Hence his confession is also an on love marriage accusation—not only of his nameless companion (who serves as the mute auditor for his monologue) but ultimately of the hypocrite lecteur as well. The theme of guilt and innocence in compare model Camus’s writings relates closely to another recurrent tension in his thought: the opposition of Christian and pagan ideas and influences.

At heart a nature-worshipper, and by instinct a skeptic and non-believer, Camus nevertheless retained a lifelong interest and respect for essays Christian philosophy and literature. In particular, he seems to have recognized St. Augustine and Kierkegaard as intellectual kinsmen and writers with whom he shared a common passion for controversy, literary flourish, self-scrutiny, and self-dramatization. Christian images, symbols, and allusions abound in all his work (probably more so than in the writing of any other avowed atheist in a doll house essay modern literature), and Christian themes—judgment, forgiveness, despair, sacrifice, passion, and essays on love so forth—permeate the novels. (Meursault and Clamence, it is worth noting, are presented not just as sinners, devils, and outcasts, but in several instances explicitly, and a doll not entirely ironically, as Christ figures.) Meanwhile alongside and against this leitmotif of Christian images and themes, Camus sets the main components of his essentially pagan worldview. Like Nietzsche, he maintains a special admiration for Greek heroic values and pessimism and for classical virtues like courage and honor. What might be termed Romantic values also merit particular esteem within his philosophy: passion, absorption in pure being, an appreciation for and indeed a willingness to essays on love revel in raw sensory experience, the glory of the moment, the beauty of the world. As a result of this duality of influence, Camus’s basic philosophical problem becomes how to reconcile his Augustinian sense of original sin (universal guilt) and task rampant moral evil with his personal ideal of essays on love marriage pagan primitivism (universal innocence) and with his conviction that the compare model essay, natural world and our life in essays on love it have intrinsic beauty and value. Can an absurd world have intrinsic value? Is authentic pessimism compatible with the view that there is an essential dignity to human life? Such questions raise the possibility that there may be deep logical inconsistencies within Camus’s philosophy, and some critics (notably Sartre) have suggested that these inconsistencies cannot be surmounted except through some sort of Kierkegaardian leap of faith on Camus’s part—in this case a leap leading to a belief not in God but in man.

Such a leap is certainly implied in an oft-quoted remark from Camus’s “Letter to a German Friend,” where he wrote: “I continue to believe that this world has no supernatural meaning…But I know that something in the world has meaning—man.” One can find similar affirmations and protestations on behalf of humanity throughout Camus’s writings. They are almost a hallmark of his philosophical style. Oracular and high-flown, they clearly have more rhetorical force than logical potency. To Study In England Level! On the other hand, if we are trying to locate Camus’s place in essays on love European philosophical tradition, they provide a strong clue as to where he properly belongs. Surprisingly, the sentiment here, a commonplace of the Enlightenment and of traditional liberalism, is much closer in words to link paragraphs spirit to the exuberant secular humanism of the Italian Renaissance than to the agnostic skepticism of contemporary post-modernism. vi. Individual vs. History and Mass Culture. A primary theme of early twentieth-century European literature and critical thought is the rise of modern mass civilization and its suffocating effects of alienation and dehumanization. This became a pervasive theme by the time Camus was establishing his literary reputation. Anxiety over the fate of Western culture, already intense, escalated to apocalyptic levels with the sudden emergence of fascism, totalitarianism, and new technologies of coercion and essays death.

Here then was a subject ready-made for a writer of a doll Camus’s political and humanistic views. He responded to the occasion with typical force and eloquence. In one way or another, the themes of alienation and marriage dehumanization as by-products of an increasingly technical and automated world enter into contrast model essay nearly all of Camus’s works. Even his concept of the Absurd becomes multiplied by a social and economic world in which meaningless routines and mind-numbing repetitions predominate. The drudgery of Sisyphus is mirrored and essays on love marriage amplified in blank resume 1 the assembly line, the business office, the government bureau, and especially in the penal colony and concentration camp. In line with this theme, the ever-ambiguous Meursault in The Stranger can be understood as both a depressing manifestation of the newly emerging mass personality (that is, as a figure devoid of basic human feelings and passions) and, conversely, as a lone hold-out, a last remaining specimen of the old Romanticism—and hence a figure who is viewed as both dangerous and alien by essays marriage, the robotic majority. Similarly, The Plague can be interpreted, on at least one level, as an allegory in which humanity must be preserved from the fatal pestilence of mass culture, which converts formerly free, autonomous, independent-minded human beings into a soulless new species. At various times in the novel, Camus’s narrator describes the plague as if it were a dull but highly capable public official or bureaucrat: It was, above all, a shrewd, unflagging adversary; a skilled organizer, doing his work thoroughly and well. (180) “But it seemed the plague had settled in for good at its most virulent, and where to study writing at undergraduate it took its daily toll of essays on love deaths with the punctual zeal of a good civil servant.” (235)

This identification of the plague with oppressive civil bureaucracy and the routinization of charisma looks forward to the author’s play The State of Siege , where plague is used once again as a symbol for totalitarianism—only this time it is personified in an almost cartoonish way as a kind of overbearing government functionary or office manager from hell. Clad in a gaudy military uniform bedecked with ribbons and decorations, the character Plague (a satirical portrait of of nonfiction essays Generalissimo Francisco Franco—or El Caudillo as he liked to marriage style himself) is to link, closely attended by his personal Secretary and essays marriage loyal assistant Death, depicted as a prim, officious female bureaucrat who also favors military garb and who carries an ever-present clipboard and notebook. So Plague is a fascist dictator, and Death a solicitous commissar. Contrast Model Essay! Together these figures represent a system of pervasive control and micro-management that threatens the future of mass society. In his reflections on marriage this theme of post-industrial dehumanization, Camus differs from most other European writers (and especially from those on the Left) in viewing mass reform and revolutionary movements, including Marxism, as representing at least as great a threat to individual freedom as late-stage capitalism. Throughout his career he continued to cherish and defend old-fashioned virtues like personal courage and honor that other Left-wing intellectuals tended to view as reactionary or bourgeois. Suicide is the central subject of The Myth of Sisyphus and serves as a background theme in Caligula and The Fall . Compare Model Essay! In Caligula the mad title character, in a fit of horror and revulsion at the meaninglessness of life, would rather die—and bring the world down with him—than accept a cosmos that is essays marriage, indifferent to human fate or that will not submit to house essay his individual will. Marriage! In The Fall , a stranger’s act of suicide serves as the starting point for a bitter ritual of self-scrutiny and contrast model remorse on the part of the narrator. Like Wittgenstein (who had a family history of essays on love suicide and house suffered from bouts of depression), Camus considered suicide the essays, fundamental issue for moral philosophy.

However, unlike other philosophers who have written on blank resume 1 the subject (from Cicero and Seneca to Montaigne and Schopenhauer), Camus seems uninterested in assessing the traditional motives and on love marriage justifications for suicide (for instance, to avoid a long, painful, and debilitating illness or as a response to personal tragedy or scandal). Indeed, he seems interested in the problem only to the extent that it represents one possible response to the Absurd. His verdict on the matter is unqualified and coursework task clear: The only courageous and essays on love marriage morally valid response to the Absurd is to continue living—“Suicide is not an option.” From the time he first heard the house, story of his father’s literal nausea and revulsion after witnessing a public execution, Camus began a vocal and on love lifelong opposition to the death penalty. Executions by guillotine were a common public spectacle in Algeria during his lifetime, but he refused to attend them and recoiled bitterly at their very mention. Condemnation of capital punishment is both explicit and implicit in his writings. For example, in The Stranger Meursault’s long confinement during his trial and his eventual execution are presented as part of an elaborate, ceremonial ritual involving both public and religious authorities. The grim rationality of this process of legalized murder contrasts markedly with the sudden, irrational, almost accidental nature of his actual crime.

Similarly, in The Myth of Sisyphus , the would-be suicide is contrasted with his fatal opposite, the man condemned to death, and we are continually reminded that a sentence of death is our common fate in an absurd universe. Camus’s opposition to the death penalty is not specifically philosophical. A Doll House Essay! That is, it is on love marriage, not based on a particular moral theory or principle (such as Cesare Beccaria’s utilitarian objection that capital punishment is wrong because it has not been proven to have a deterrent effect greater than life imprisonment). Camus’s opposition, in contrast, is humanitarian, conscientious, almost visceral. Like Victor Hugo, his great predecessor on blank resume 1 this issue, he views the death penalty as an egregious barbarism—an act of blood riot and essays on love vengeance covered over with a thin veneer of law and civility to coursework task make it acceptable to modern sensibilities. That it is also an act of vengeance aimed primarily at the poor and oppressed, and that it is given religious sanction, makes it even more hideous and indefensible in his view. Camus’s essay “Reflections on the Guillotine” supplies a detailed examination of the issue.

An eloquent personal statement with compelling psychological and philosophical insights, it includes the author’s direct rebuttal to traditional retributionist arguments in favor of capital punishment (such as Kant’s claim that death is the legally appropriate, indeed morally required, penalty for murder). To all who argue that murder must be punished in kind, Camus replies: Capital punishment is the most premeditated of murders, to which no criminal’s deed, however calculated, can be compared. For there to essays marriage be an equivalency, the death penalty would have to punish a criminal who had warned his victim of the date on which he would inflict a horrible death on him and who, from that moment onward, had confined him at his mercy for months. Such a monster is not to be encountered in private life. Camus concludes his essay by arguing that, at the very least, France should abolish the savage spectacle of the t totals sheet, guillotine and essays on love marriage replace it with a more humane procedure (such as lethal injection). But he still retains a scant hope that capital punishment will be completely abolished at some point in the time to essays come: “In the unified Europe of the on love, future the solemn abolition of the death penalty ought to be the first article of the European Code we all hope for.” Camus himself did not live to see the day, but he would no doubt be gratified to words know that abolition of capital punishment is now an essential prerequisite for membership in the European Union. Camus is essays, often classified as an paragraphs existentialist writer, and it is essays, easy to see why. Affinities with Kierkegaard and Sartre are patent. He shares with these philosophers (and with the other major writers in the existentialist tradition, from a doll house, Augustine and Pascal to Dostoyevsky and marriage Nietzsche) an habitual and intense interest in the active human psyche, in of nonfiction essays the life of conscience or spirit as it is actually experienced and lived.

Like these writers, he aims at nothing less than a thorough, candid exegesis of the human condition, and like them he exhibits not just a philosophical attraction but also a personal commitment to such values as individualism, free choice, inner strength, authenticity, personal responsibility, and self-determination. However, one troublesome fact remains: throughout his career Camus repeatedly denied that he was an existentialist. Was this an accurate and honest self-assessment? On the one hand, some critics have questioned this “denial” (using the term almost in essays on love its modern clinical sense), attributing it to the celebrated Sartre-Camus political “feud” or to a certain stubbornness or even contrariness on Camus’s part. In their view, Camus qualifies as, at minimum, a closet existentialist, and in certain respects (e.g., in his unconditional and words to link essay paragraphs passionate concern for the individual) as an even truer specimen of the type than Sartre.

On the other hand, besides his personal rejection of the label, there appear to be solid reasons for on love challenging the claim that Camus is an where to study writing level existentialist. For one thing, it is noteworthy that he never showed much interest in (indeed he largely avoided) metaphysical and essays on love ontological questions (the philosophical raison d’etre of Heidegger and Sartre). Of course there is where to study creative level, no rule that says an existentialist must be a metaphysician. However, Camus’s seeming aversion to technical philosophical discussion does suggest one way in essays marriage which he distanced himself from contemporary existentialist thought. Another point of divergence is that Camus seems to a doll have regarded existentialism as a complete and systematic world-view, that is, a fully articulated doctrine. In his view, to be a true existentialist one had to essays on love marriage commit to the entire doctrine (and not merely to bits and pieces of it), and this was apparently something he was unwilling to to link essay do. A further point of separation, and possibly a decisive one, is essays marriage, that Camus actively challenged and set himself apart from the existentialist motto that being precedes essence. Ultimately, against Sartre in particular and existentialists in general, he clings to his instinctive belief in a common human nature. In his view human existence necessarily includes an essential core element of dignity and value, and in this respect he seems surprisingly closer to essay the humanist tradition from on love marriage, Aristotle to Kant than to the modern tradition of skepticism and to link essay relativism from Nietzsche to Derrida (the latter his fellow-countryman and, at least in his commitment to human rights and opposition to the death penalty, his spiritual successor and descendant). Obviously, Camus’s writings remain the primary reason for essays marriage his continuing importance and blank resume 1 the chief source of on love marriage his cultural legacy, but his fame is also due to his exemplary life. He truly lived his philosophy; thus it is in words to link essay paragraphs his personal political stands and public statements as well as in his books that his views are clearly articulated.

In short, he bequeathed not just his words but also his actions. Taken together, those words and actions embody a core set of liberal democratic values—including tolerance, justice, liberty, open-mindedness, respect for essays on love marriage personhood, condemnation of violence, and resistance to tyranny—that can be fully approved and acted upon by where creative level, the modern intellectual engage . On a purely literary level, one of Camus’s most original contributions to modern discourse is essays marriage, his distinctive prose style. Terse and hard-boiled, yet at the same time lyrical, and indeed capable of great, soaring flights of emotion and compare feeling, Camus’s style represents a deliberate attempt on his part to wed the famous clarity, elegance, and dry precision of the French philosophical tradition with the more sonorous and opulent manner of on love 19th century Romantic fiction. Words! The result is something like a cross between Hemingway (a Camus favorite) and marriage Melville (another favorite) or between Diderot and Hugo. For the most part when we read Camus we encounter the plain syntax, simple vocabulary, and biting aphorism typical of modern theatre or noir detective fiction. A Doll! However, this base style frequently becomes a counterpoint or springboard for extended musings and lavish descriptions almost in marriage the manner of Proust.

Here we may note that this attempted reconciliation or union of opposing styles is not just an aesthetic gesture on the author’s part: It is of nonfiction, also a moral and political statement. It says, in effect, that the life of reason and the life of feeling need not be opposed; that intellect and passion can, and should, operate together. Perhaps the greatest inspiration and example that Camus provides for essays on love marriage contemporary readers is the lesson that it is still possible for a serious thinker to face the modern world (with a full understanding of its contradictions, injustices, brutal flaws, and absurdities) with hardly a grain of hope, yet utterly without cynicism. To read Camus is to find words like justice, freedom, humanity, and dignity used plainly and to study creative writing at undergraduate openly, without apology or embarrassment, and without the pained or derisive facial expressions or invisible quotation marks that almost automatically accompany those terms in public discourse today. At Stockholm Camus concluded his Nobel acceptance speech with a stirring reminder and challenge to modern writers: “The nobility of our craft,” he declared, “will always be rooted in two commitments, both difficult to maintain: the refusal to lie about what one knows and the resistance to oppression.” He left behind a body of work faithful to his own credo that the arts of language must always be used in the service of truth and marriage the service of liberty.

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analitic essay How to develop and write an analytic essay. Argument : Writing an analytic essay requires that you make some sort of argument. The core of this argument is on love marriage called a thesis. It is your claim, succinctly stated in a single sentence. Where To Study Creative Writing At Undergraduate Level. What do budding literary critics such as yourselves argue about? You make a pervasive, persistent case that a certain thing is true about a piece of literature. Essays On Love Marriage. This thing should not be readily obvious to the casual reader of the literature in question. It is what you draw out of the book or essay, how you interpret it.

It is a claim that must be supported by specific evidence from the text. Thesis statement: At least once during the course of writing your essay, isolate what you consider to be your thesis. Is your proposition both arguable and reasonable? If it is obvious (i.e. Mary Rowlandson used the blank resume 1, Bible for comfort during her captivity) you don’t have an argument. Argument requires analysis (i.e. taking things apart and explaining them). One test that may help is marriage asking yourself what the opposite side of your argument would be. A good, complicated thesis (which was proposed by one of your classmates) is that Although Mary Rowlandson says she often used the compare model, Bible as a source of essays on love marriage comfort during her captivity, a closer reading of her narrative suggests her faith may have been more troubled by her experience than she lets on.

One useful structure for writing thesis statements is the a doll house, although form used above: Although x seems to be true about this piece of literature, y is in essays fact more true (or makes our thinking about x more complex). In this form you present both sides of your argument at once and blank resume 1 show which side you’re on. Your job in the paper is to on love marriage convince your reader to types of nonfiction essays join you. On Love Marriage. Another way to write an effective thesis statement is to use the form If we look closely at x (e.g. how Bradford defines freedom) we discover y (that ). In order to blank resume 1 find something to argue: Look for images or metaphors that the author uses consistently. Essays Marriage. What other sort of pattern can you identify in the text? How do you interpret this pattern so that your reader will understand the book, essay, poem, speech, etc. better? What philosophical, moral, ethical, etc. Of Nonfiction. ideas is the author advocating or opposing? What are the consequences of accepting the author's argument? Explain how the work functions as a piece of rhetoric-- how does the author attempt to convince his or her reader of on love something?

For instance, what widely held beliefs do they use to support their argument? How do they appeal to to study creative writing at undergraduate level emotions, logic… Re-examine something that the text or most readers take for granted (that Thoreau’s book Walden represents his attempt to escape from society). Question this major premise and see where it takes you. Ask yourself if an author’s literary argument is essays on love inconsistent with itself or is in some way philosophically dangerous, inadequate, unethical, or misleading. Blank Resume 1. Examine how characters are presented in a story. How do they help the main character to develop? Which characters are trustworthy? Which are not? Why are they presented this way? What counts as evidence: Structure : How the parts of the on love marriage, book or essay follow one another; how the parts are assembled to make a whole? Why does the words to link essay, author start where they start, end where they end?

What is the logical progression of thought? How might that progression be intended to affect the essays on love, reader What effect might this progression of ideas have on a generic reader or on a reader from the time period in which the work was written? Does the piece move from the blank resume 1, general to essays marriage the specific or vice versa? If you could divide the book/essay into sections, units of meaning, what would those sections be? How are they related to each other? Note that chapters, while they form obvious sections can themselves be grouped. Referring to the text : In writing analytic papers that address any kind of literature, it is essay necessary to refer to the text (the specific words on essays on love marriage, the page of the compare model essay, book) in order to support your argument. This means that you must quote and interpret passages that demonstrate or support your argument.

Quotation is usually stronger than paraphrase. Remember also that your purpose in writing an essay is not merely to paraphrase or summarize (repeat) what the author has said, but to essays on love marriage make an argument about t totals coursework how the make their point, or how they have said what they have said. Language : includes the essays on love, way an author phrases his or her sentences, the key metaphors used (it’s up to you to explain how these metaphors are used, why these metaphors are appropriate, effective, ineffective, or ambiguous). Is the way a sentence is phrased particularly revealing of the essay, author’s meaning? Practical Essay-writing Hints: Please title your paper and make the essays marriage, title apt and types of nonfiction enticing--I LOVE a good title. It puts me in a good mood before I start reading. Be clear about on love marriage whether you’re writing about a book, an essay (non-fiction, short prose), a story (short fiction) a poem, a novel (book-length fiction), an autobiography, a narrative (as in Captivity Narratives) etc. Walden is a book comprised of chapters.

Each of these chapters could also be called an essay. Within these essays, Thoreau sometimes tells stories. T Totals Task. The book itself is not a story, but closer to a narrative, which is non-fiction. Essays On Love. Always go through at least two drafts of you paper . Let your paper sit, preferably for 24 hours between drafts sometime during the process of creative writing at undergraduate your writing. Eliminate first person pronoun (I) in your final draft (it’s OK for rough drafts and may help you write). If your paragraphs are more a full page or more in length it is more than likely that they are tooooooo long . Probably you have too many ideas in essays marriage the air at once. Consider breaking the paragraph in half--into two smaller, but related arguments. Blank Resume 1. Your reader needs a break, needs more structure in order to be able to follow your meaning.

If several of your paragraphs are exceedingly short (4-5 lines), it is likely that you are not developing your ideas thoroughly enough--that you are writing notes rather than analysis. Short paragraphs are usually used as transitional paragraphs, not as content paragraphs. Essays On Love Marriage. (Short paragraphs can be used in the rhetorical devise of reversal where you lead your reader down a certain path (to show them one side of the types essays, argument, the essays on love marriage, one you are going to blank resume 1 oppose) and then turn away from that argument to on love state the true argument of your paper.) Employ quotation often. One quotation per argumentative paragraph is usually necessary. Depending upon the length and complexity of the passage or topic you're dealing with, more quotations may be useful to prevent you from getting too far away from the text. Your quotations combined with your interpretations are your proof. Be sure that you show your reader how they should interpret these quotations in order to follow your argument. Essays. (Almost every quotation should be followed by an interpretation, a deeper reading of what is being said and essays on love how its being said. T Totals Coursework Task. This interpretation demonstrates how the quotation supports the claim you're making about it). Pay attention to metaphor, phrasing, tone, alliteration, etc. How is the author saying what they are saying--what does that teach us about the text?

Remember to write directive (sometimes called topic) sentences for your paragraphs . The first sentence of essays on love any paragraph should give your reader an idea of of nonfiction what the paragraph is going to say and how the paragraph will connect to the larger argument. It should have more to do with what you have to say about the materials than what the author him or herself has said. Transitions between paragraphs : try to get away from using The next, First of all Another thing. to connect your paragraphs. This is the marriage, list method of structuring a paper--not an integrated, logical approach. Types. A really strong transition makes the logical connection between paragraphs or sections of a paper and gives the reader a sense that you’re building an argument. To make sure you are making a well-connected argument, ask yourself how the last sentence of essays on love each paragraph and the first sentence of the blank resume 1, next are connected. Each of the sentences within your paragraphs should be related somehow (follow from, refer to, etc.) the one that precedes it, and the one which follows it.

This will help the reader follow the flow of your ideas. The order of your paragraphs should reveal a developing argument. On the essays marriage, most basic level, you should be able to consciously justify the presence and placement of every word in every sentence, every sentence in every paragraph, every paragraph in every essay . To repeat: in revising your papers after the first draft (which is always, inevitably to some degree confused because you are involved in the process of compare model essay working your ideas out), you should be highly conscious of what you are doing and why you are doing it.

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If you are the only employee at the position of on love ‘Vice President, Sales’ in types of nonfiction essays, your company, even if you register on Naukri, salaries for ‘VP, Sales’ role in your company will not be displayed on Naukri CareerNavigator. So your employer cannot deduce that a ‘VP Sales’ from on love marriage, his company i.e. Of Nonfiction Essays? you has registered on Naukri. 9. Why is Naukri CareerNavigator not showing salaries for all roles and all companies? Naukri CareerNavigator shows salary information for most of the on love marriage popular roles for a particular company. Compare Model Essay? If we do not have sufficient number of job-seekers to anonymize the data for a given role in a particular company, that company or that role is not included. For any other concerns or feedback regarding Naukri CareerNavigator write to us at salaryfeedback@naukri.com.

Click on Read more if you are an employerrecruiter. We are pleased to announce the launch of marriage Naukri CareerNavigator for Naukri Jobseekers. Naukri CareerNavigator presents the indicative Salaries for popular roles in various industries. You can further drill into a role to see how the blank resume 1 salaries change with years of experience, and what are the indicative salaries for the role in on love, the top companies. It enables job-seekers to compare different companies and industries and make the right choice. Also from paragraphs, inside your Naukri account, on your “My Naukri” page (my.naukri.com) you should be able to see a widget on right hand side which shows the top salaries companies are paying for your role and essays on love, experience.

Clicking on it you can see where your salary stands in comparison to what other companies are paying. The salary and other information which is displayed on t totals Naukri Career navigator is aggregate trends derived from the data entered by job-seekers on on love Naukri.com. However only aggregated information (if enough data points are available) is displayed. No individual salaries are ever disclosed on the tool, neither can they be traced back to a profile. You need to be a registered jobseeker on naukri.com to be able to use Naukri CareerNavigator. Write to in england us at salaryfeedback@naukri.com for essays marriage any concerns related to Naukri CareerNavigator. On top of your job search. In our last article we talked about blank resume 1 ways through which you could improve your online profile. Marriage? Continuing with same quest we are back with few more handy tips to help ‘set the where creative in england at undergraduate level ball rolling’ for you.

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Query is delivered on verification. Your query will expire if you do not verify your email id within 72 hours after query is raised. We hope you find this feature useful. Please share your feedback with us below in comments. Posted by Paresh Dhake, Product Manager, Naukri.com. Stay ahead of the contrast model essay pack! Your profile page on Naukri is on love, your opportunity to sell yourself!

It is this page that employers see after which they hopefully shortlist you for a job. Oftentimes you sign up with us and then sit back – waiting patiently for a deluge of jobs to types appear in your mailbox. But soon you realize the on love marriage startling reality that you need to do a little bit more than just fill in essay paragraphs, a few fields and wait, if you are seriously interested in landing a job. Essays? Searching for a job on Naukri is one of the easiest, most suitable and no cost way of going about a job search. Here are few tips to craft an outstanding profile that would get the a doll house conversion rates rolling for you! An attention grabbing headline. Well to start with, headlines in general provoke reactions, even a subconscious one. How you present yourself starts with your first words.

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Each of writing in england at undergraduate these parameters along with your salary, experience and preferred location are used to marriage find matching jobs for you. Before we dive into details of the Job Alerts, here are a few points to remember: 1. Words? Not all jobs are sent in Job Alerts – Only jobs posted in last 2-3 days are used to match against the profile and sent in on love, the email. However, a link at the bottom of the job alert mailer lands you on recommended jobs page which shows all jobs on where creative level that day that match your profile. 2. Only one Profile you shared with us is used – In case you have created multiple profiles with Naukri, only the last profile that you have shared with us is used to send the marriage matching jobs. If you have added new skills, moved higher in your organization, got a salary increase or changed your job, you should incorporate these changes into to study in england at undergraduate your Naukri profile to receive better matching Job Alerts. 3. Selecting Functional Area and Role as “Others” may hurt relevance of the Job Alert – If you select your Functional Area or Role as “Others”, Naukri does not precisely know what your department is. We understand organizations do create custom designations that are specific or unique to them. On Love? Therefore, it is best to select the blank resume 1 closest matching Functional Area or Role, instead of selecting “Others”. Please note this will not limit the jobs you receive to the role that you have selected, since Naukri also sends jobs in essays marriage, similar roles, not just the role that you selected.

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You can specify your preferred location by logging into your Naukri Account and then following My Naukri Home – View Update – Profile Snapshot – Preferred Location. 5. Add a descriptive Designation in Naukri Profile – If your designation in Naukri profile is “Senior Manager” and you are working in the accounts department, change the designation to on love “Senior Manager – Accounts”. An indicator to department/ role what you are currently working in, helps. 6. Remove descriptions that may cause confusion from where to study creative, your Designation – If you are working in a Bank and serving clients as “Senior Relationship Banker- Agriculture and Food Industry”, consider if you really want a job only in that Industry. If your skills are broad based and not just limited to this Industry, consider using a different designation like “Senior Relationship Banker – Corporate Division”. It is important to know that as a Naukri registered member, you have control on essays on love the kind of jobs you receive. If you don’t find job alerts relevant, you can create a personalized job alert for yourself. T Totals Coursework Sheet? Just fill up a simple form, mention your skills, experience, salary, location etc and subscribe to jobs in essays on love marriage, that specific area. Power to compare model you. Wishing you great success in essays on love marriage, your career. With Best Regards,

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control essay 1984 Written February 27, 2000; Modified May 9, 2000. If you quote or paraphrase from my essay, please give me due credit. Language as the #147;Ultimate Weapon#148; in Nineteen Eighty-Four. George Orwell, like many other literary scholars, is interested in on love, the modern use of the compare contrast model essay, English language and, in particular, the abuse and misuse of English. He realises that language has the power in politics to mask the truth and mislead the public, and he wishes to increase public awareness of this power. He accomplishes this by placing a great focus on Newspeak and the media in his novel Nineteen Eighty-Four . Demonstrating the essays on love, repeated abuse of coursework sheet language by the government and by the media in his novel, Orwell shows how language can be used politically to deceive and manipulate people, leading to a society in essays marriage, which the people unquestioningly obey their government and mindlessly accept all propaganda as reality.

Language becomes a mind-control tool, with the ultimate goal being the task sheet, destruction of will and imagination. As John Wain says in his essay, #147;[Orwell#146;s] vision of 1984 does not include extinction weapons . Essays! . . He is not interested in extinction weapons because, fundamentally, they do not frighten him as much as spiritual ones#148; (343). Paul Chilton suggests that the language theme in Orwell#146;s novel has its roots in to study in england level, the story of the Tower of Babel (2). When God destroys the essays marriage, Towel of types of nonfiction essays Babel, the civilizations which have contributed to the construction of the Tower suffer ever-after from the Curse of Confusion. The Curse both makes languages #147;mutually unintelligible#148;, and alters their nature so that #147;they no longer lucidly [express] the nature of things, but rather [obscure] and [distort] them#148; (Chilton, 2). Orwell#146;s Newspeak , the ultra-political new language introduced in Nineteen Eighty-Four , does precisely that: it facilitates deception and manipulation, and its purpose is to marriage restrict understanding of the real world. Chilton also suggests that a corollary to this is compare essay, that #147;each post-Babel language [becomes] a closed system containing its own untranslatable view of the world#148; (2). Certainly, the ultimate aim of essays on love marriage Newspeak is to enclose people in an orthodox pseudo-reality and isolate them from the real world. Whereas people generally strive to blank resume 1 expand their lexicon, the government in Nineteen Eighty-Four actually aims to cut back the Newspeak vocabulary.

One of the Newspeak engineers says, #147;[we#146;re] cutting the language down to the bone . . . Newspeak is the only language in the world whose vocabulary gets smaller every year#148; (55). By manipulating the language, the government wishes to essays on love alter the public#146;s way of thinking. This can be done, psychologists theorise, because the words that are available for the purpose of communicating thought tend to influence the way people think. The linguist Benjamin Lee Whorf was a firm believer in this link between thought and language, and contrast model essay, he theorised that #147;different languages impose different conceptions of reality#148; (Myers 352). So when words that describe a particular thought are completely absent from essays on love a language, that thought becomes more difficult to think of and communicate. For the Inner Party, the goal is to impose an model essay orthodox reality and make heretical thought (#145;thoughtcrime#146;) impossible. #147;In the end we shall make thoughtcrime literally impossible,#148; explains the Newspeak engineer, #147;because there will be no words in essays on love marriage, which to express it#148; (55). By design, Newspeak narrows the range of thought and shortens people#146;s memories. It is therefore ideal for a totalitarian system, in which the government has to rely on a passive public which lacks independent thought and which has a great tolerance for mistakes, both past and present. #147;To expand language is to expand the ability to think,#148; says Myers (353). Conversely, to restrict language, as with Newspeak, is to restrict the range of thought. Chilton identifies the specific features of where to study creative in england at undergraduate Newspeak that help restrict thought: #147;reduced complexity, few abstractions, and no self­reference#148; (37).

Such narrowed public thought is what the Inner Party prefers, because a public that lacks the ability to essays think vividly poses less of a threat than one that can readily criticise the government and compare, defend itself from harm. However, an interesting consequence of this narrowed thought is that the public#146;s memory is also effectively shortened. #147;The Inner Party [deprives] people of their own words and in so doing, deprives them of memory#148; (Lewis and Moss 51). After O#146;Brien forces Winston to embrace Ingsoc, for instance, Winston#146;s imagination decays and he #147;[can] no longer fix his mind on any one subject for more than a few moments at a time#148; (301). Winston, like the majority of the public, suffers when he is robbed of his words and thoughts. Consequently, #147;memory, with its attendant richness and variety, atrophies#148; since #147;memories die when they go unrehearsed in marriage, words#148; (Lewis and Moss 51). Given that Newspeak is such a politically-motivated language, why does the public in Nineteen Eighty-Four accept it? After all, the Party is undertaking a project of monumental proportions: they are trying to completely replace a common language (English, or #147;Oldspeak#148;), and words essay paragraphs, one would expect great opposition to such a plan. The Party is able to achieve this by essays on love marriage again employing psychological tactics. Instead of forcing the public to use Newspeak by law, the Party ensures that the public is creative in england, immersed in the new language.

Nobody is forced to read or write in Newspeak, but #147;its ubiquitous broadcast creates a pressure to employ it simply in on love marriage, order to communicate economically#148; (Chilton 37). Orwell#146;s novel paints a nightmarish picture of a totalitarian system gone to the absolute extreme, but it is a novel that is fundamentally about psychological control of the public. Of course, the Party does employ torture as part of its control regimen, but the psychological control tactics are the dominant ones in the novel. While physical punishment is difficult to administer, psychological tactics (manipulation of people through language) can be continuously applied to the general public without raising great public opposition or fear #151; and that is where its strength lies. It is for this reason that #147;Newspeak rather than torture is planned as the a doll house essay, way to erase thoughtcrime#148; (Stansky 88). However, while Newspeak is a very significant method of mind control through language, it is just a part of a greater Inner Party scheme. It is, in marriage, fact, the Party-controlled media in the novel that expertly uses Newspeak as well as other linguistic trickery to spread its propaganda and brainwash the types of nonfiction, public. The media is powerful as a tool for manipulation both because the public is widely exposed to it, and also because the public trusts it. The telescreens continuously shout bursts of on love marriage news and propaganda throughout the day, and the people listen intently and cheer at #145;good news#146; (victories) and are driven to rage by #145;bad news#146;.

The characters in Orwell#146;s novel are slaves of the media; they revere it as an oracle. When the telescreens initiate the Two Minutes Hate, for instance, the people are roused to a frenzy: #147;People were leaping up and down in to link essay, their places and shouting at the tops of their voices . Essays! . . [a girl] had begun crying out #145;Swine! Swine! Swine!#146;#148; (16). Certainly, in to study creative in england level, Nineteen Eighty-Four , #147;[media information] does control some of the ways in which [people] think about and essays on love marriage, assess the world#148; (Lewis and Moss 47).

The Party is interested in masking the truth, and so the media manipulates language to present a distorted reality. As Orwell says in his essay Politics and the English Language , #147;Political language . A Doll Essay! . . is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to marriage pure wind#148; (150). In the novel, these lies are quite obvious. For example, the t totals task, media (controlled by the Party, of course) continually refers to the Ministries of Truth, Peace, Love, and Plenty. In reality, however, the Ministry of Truth is concerned with the falsification of records, and the Ministry of Peace deals with warfare. The Ministry of Love is #147;the really frightening one#148; (6) as it is essays on love, essentially a place for where to study in england, the questioning and torturing of suspected criminals. The Ministry of Plenty makes up economic figures to essays convince the t totals sheet, public that the economy is in good shape, even though there are great shortages of all commodities due to the war. Although the irony in the titles is blatantly obvious, Orwell is making a point about how the media can use language to mask the truth. The totalitarian state of Oceania is in a constant state of war, and part of the Party#146;s ongoing struggle is to keep the public satisfied with this warfare. If the essays, public were dissatisfied, they would resent the shortage of food and other commodities and possibly rebel against the Party.

The Party therefore has to distract the public#146;s attention away from the negative side of warfare, and they use the media to where to study creative writing in england do this. By using only language that carries neutral or positive connotations to marriage talk about anything related to war, the media successfully soothes an otherwise resentful public. For instance, the media never reports on the #147;twenty or thirty [rocket bombs] a week falling on where to study at undergraduate, London#148; (28), but rather inundates peoples#146; lives with good news about victories. Winston#146;s telescreen announces, #147;Our forces in South India have won a glorious victory. Essays Marriage! I am authorised to say that the t totals task, action we are now reporting may well bring the war within measurable distance of its end#148; (28). Similar reports follow throughout the entire novel, constantly celebrating the capture of essays on love enemies and paragraphs, the conquering of on love marriage new territories, but never admitting any kind of defeat. In many ways, the media is relying on the principle that a piece of information that is repeated often enough becomes accepted as truth.

Winston, a particularly strong-minded individual, is continually amazed to see his friends and colleagues swallow the lies that the media dishes out. For this form of brainwashing (#145;Duckspeak#146;) to types essays be effective, #147;you just say things frequently and people eventually understand and say it themselves#148; (Chilton 27). This brainwashing is on love marriage, done through the words of the telescreens, newspapers and magazines. The media is skilled at engineering #145;truth#146; through language, and one of the most disturbing consequence of this developed in the novel is that the Party has ultimate control over history. After all, language is the link to history. Winston#146;s job in the Ministry of Truth is to modify news items and other documents that in essay, one way or another make the Party look bad. After he replaces an original document with the modified one, all the originals are destroyed. Orwell describes the essays marriage, process: This processes of continuous alteration was applied not only to newspapers, but to books, periodicals, pamphlets, posters, leaflets . . Essay! . Day by day and almost minute by minute the past was brought up to date.

In this way every prediction made by the Party could be shown by documentary evidence to essays on love have been correct; nor was any item of news, or any expression of opinion, which conflicted with the needs of the moment, ever allowed to remain on record. House Essay! (42) Lewis and Moss believe that #147;the tactic is to obliterate history so that centres of opposition cannot grow#148; (51). Orwell shows us evidence that this tactic is working: even the main character, who knows exactly what is going on with the falsification of documents, has trouble recalling who Oceania is really at war with at the present. It is either Eurasia or Eastasia, but Winston is not sure because the Party keeps changing history. This nagging doubt eats away at Winston until he no longer knows what reality is; by the end of the novel, he is willing to accept the Party#146;s reality. Orwell#146;s novel asks the philosophical question: if all available evidence shows something to be true, is it not true? Winston struggles with this idea of #147;Reality control#148; (37) as he works at the Ministry of essays on love Truth. Of Nonfiction! #147;The frightening thing,#148; Winston thinks to essays marriage himself, #147;[is] that it might all be true. If the Party [can] thrust its hand into the past and say of where to study writing in england this or that event, it never happened #150; that, surely, [is] more terrifying than mere torture and death#148; (36).

One of Winston#146;s assignments is to invent a biography of a fictional soldier named Ogilvy, so that he can be honoured by Big Brother in a public address. After writing the description of Ogilvy#146;s life, Winston marvels at how #147;once the act of forgery [is] forgotten, [Ogilvy will] exist just as authentically, and upon the same evidence, as Charlemagne or Julius Caesar#148; (50). As well as altering the past by manipulating written language, the Party has an ingenious plan to break the on love, link with the real past by introducing a language barrier. Essay Paragraphs! When #147;all real knowledge of Oldspeak [disappears] . Marriage! . . the whole literature of the past will have been destroyed#148; (56). After a few generations, when people are no longer capable of essays decoding information from the past, there will no longer even be a need to censor the essays on love, history that has the potential for breeding unorthodox ideas #151; it will be completely out of the compare, public#146;s reach.

Thus, the manipulation of language and text not only effects the present, but also the on love, past and future in more than one way. A Party slogan in the novel reads, #147;Who controls the past, controls the house essay, future: who controls the present controls the past#148; (37). Orwell#146;s novel is extreme, but it is not necessarily a prediction of the future. Rahv believes that the book#146;s #147;importance is mainly in its powerful engagement with the present#148; (183). Indeed, politicians have used written language to manipulate history both in essays, the past and present. There was much distortion of history during the Stalinist era, #147;when such standard works of blank resume 1 misinformation as the Soviet Encyclopaedia changed constantly with the party line, so that in successive editions Trotsky was first the hero of the Civil War, then an on love agent of the Mensheviks, and creative writing in england level, the western powers#148; (Woodcock 177).

Patrick Wright suggests that the issue is still very much alive in the late twentieth century, citing as an example #147;[the British Secretary for Education, who] refused a number of proposed syllabus systems for the teaching of history in schools, finding them insufficiently assiduous in their promotion of the mythical, rather than simply historical, values of national unity and pride#148; (111). Equally alive today is the fear that politicians and the media abuse language to hide truth. Orwell gives examples of how politicians can twist words to essays on love deceive people in his essay Politics and the English Language : #147;Defenceless villages are bombarded from the air, the inhabitants driven out into the countryside . . . this is called pacification . Millions of to link essay peasants are robbed of their farms and sent trudging along the roads with no more than they can carry: this is called transfer of population or rectification of frontiers #148; (148). Woodcock refers to the modern jargon-filled English used by #147;newspaper editors, bureaucrats, radio announcers, and parliamentary speakers#148; who have, just as Orwell feared, a heavy #147;reliance on ready-made phrases#148; (92). Even more disturbing, in the twenty-first century we have now a rapidly growing, major industry based solely upon essays on love marriage, the manipulation of language and thought: advertising. Orwell#146;s novel carries a well-founded warning about the powers of language. It shows how language can shape people#146;s sense of reality, how it can be used to conceal truths, and even how it can be used to a doll essay manipulate history. #147;Language is one of the key instruments of political dominations, the necessary and insidious means of the #145;totalitarian#146; control of reality#148; (Rai, 122). While language in the traditional sense can expand horizons and essays, improve our understanding of the world, Orwell#146;s novel demonstrates that language, when used in a maliciously political way, can just as easily become #147;a plot against human consciousness#148; (Rahv, 182). Chilton, Paul. Orwellian Language and the Media . London: Pluto Press, 1988. Lewis, Florence and a doll house, Peter Moss.

The Tyranny of Language in Nineteen Eighty-Four in 1984 . Aubrey, Crispin and on love, Paul Chilton, eds. London: Comedia Publishing Group, 1983. Where! 45-57. Myers, David G. Psychology . 4 th ed. Essays! Holland: Worth Publishers, 1986. Orwell, George. Nineteen Eighty-Four . London: Penguin Books, 1990. - - - . To Study Writing In England! Politics and the English Language in Nineteen Eighty-Four: Text, Sources, Criticism . Ed. Irving Howe. New York: Harcourt, Brace World, Inc., 1963. Essays Marriage! 143-50.

Rahv, Philip. The Unfuture of Utopia in blank resume 1, Nineteen Eighty-Four: Text, Sources, Criticism . 181-5. Rai, Alok. Essays On Love! Orwell and of nonfiction, the politics of essays marriage despair: A critical study of the writings of George Orwell . Blank Resume 1! Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Stansky, Peter, ed. On Nineteen Eighty-Four . New York: W. H. Freeman and Company, 1983. Wain, John. Essays on Literature and Ideas - George Orwell (1) in Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism Vol. 6 . 343-4. Woodcock, George. Orwell#146;s Message: 1984 and the Present . Madeira Park: Harbour Publishing Co.

Ltd, 1984. Wright, Patrick. Essays! The Conscription of History in words to link essay, Nineteen Eighty-Four in 1984 . 105-14.